Open Strong — Wisemann101

Physician-assisted suicide is a situation where the physician assists the patient to end his/her life due to an uncontrollable health condition. When a patient is suffering a chronic disease, which cannot be healed at a particular time or cannot heal completely can request a specific prescription of drugs to end his life to avoid much-prolonged pain. In the scenario, the doctor intends to hasten the dying process of the patient knowingly (Copeland, 87). Sometimes the condition is commonly referred to as euthanasia, but it is different. Some laws and regulations have been set to address the issue of whether physician-assisted suicide is valid and lawful or not. There should be some palliative care and trials in all means before assisting the patient to die. This death shortcut should be the last alternative when all sorts of palliative care have failed to bear fruits (Copeland, 87). Some people have argued that patients have a right for physician-assisted death (PAD); they imply that patients should be allowed to decide what they wish to happen to their lives. This essay analyses the causal and effect relationship that will result in the case of granting people the rights to physician-assisted suicide.

 

 

Physician-assisted suicide (PAS) as part of euthanasia is one of the oldest points of contention in medical ethics. The original Hippocratic Oath forbids it, and many religions and societal traditions have rejected it since antiquity. In physician-assisted suicide, a suffering or terminally ill patient is aided by a certified health practitioner to get access to a lethal dose that the patient then administers on themselves. If the patient is incapable of doing so, they can request the physician to administer the lethal substance to end the patient’s life. The practice of physician-assisted suicide continues to raise debate as only five American states, a handful of European Countries and Colombia permit some form of doctor-assisted suicide. Even though many governments and organizations do not formally accept physician-assisted suicide as a standard medical practice due to ethical concerns, they should adopt it because it is a show of respect to individual civil liberties as provided by the right of every individual to choose what is best for them without government or societal interference.

White paper- Wildwood

Proposal:

The three different branches of government were not created as an organizational tool, as something just to categorize different offices and government workers to make payroll easier. They were built and are maintained to prevent against the tyranny that, let’s face it, help create the idea of this new and innovative land. The three different branches, Legislative, Judicial, and Executive, are tasked to keep the next one in check and to ensure they do not become too powerful with the legislation they pass. To make sure the imaginary boundaries are not crossed and there is no confusion as to where the certain powers come from.

With a couple exceptions, every president in the United States history has used the privilege that comes with the being the head of the executive branch. Executive orders are a privilege afforded to the President of the United States in order for them to enact temporary legislation or effect a new bill that might have been signed off on by the Speaker of the House. But when is it too much? When does the President cross that imaginary line and overstep the privilege? There are steps that the Legislative branch could take to limit the awesome power granted to the President.

 

Source 1:

https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/executive_powe

Content of this article:

This piece discusses a number of different powers granted to the president and how it can be wielded. Everything from the wartime powers to pardons to citizens convicted of a federal crime. Also states where the powers are limited and where the extent of the privilege lies.

What it proves:

This article proves that the presidential power has a limit and a history too it. I will discuss if the limit is not strong enough and ways the government could limit the power as it pertains to overreach from the president.

Source 2:

https://www.heritage.org/political-process/report/the-use-and-abuse-executive-orders-and-other-presidential-directives

Content of this article:

This article opens up by discussing the fact that in the past, an executive power has been shot down by the high court, which was unthinkable to ever happen in the past. This article goes into depth regarding the separation of powers and how presidential directives are defines.

What it proves:

This piece not only discusses how the president could enact an executive order, but proves that the history of the directives shows there are limits on the power, no matter how broad it may be.

 

Source 3:

https://constitutioncenter.org/blog/executive-orders-101-what-are-they-and-how-do-presidents-use-them/

Content of this article:

This article directly points at where the power of the executive orders come from and shines a little light on where in the constitution the directive comes from. It also allows the reader to know that the order has the same effect that a regular law signed has on the regular population.

What is proves:

This piece proves that executive orders were used in the past and help shaped this county to where it is today. It gives examples when historic legislation was passed and wouldn’t of went through if it wasn’t for Article II. Discusses that Lincoln had more executive orders shot down by the supreme court more than anyone in history and shows how he went around even executive orders.

 

Source 4:

https://qz.com/898683/can-an-executive-order-be-revoked/

Content of this article:

This article somewhat shows the line of where executive orders can be overturned and how they can be revoked. Doesn’t go into an enormous amount of detail but it covers where and how executive orders can be overruled.

What it proves:

This piece proves that there are ways to overrule or revoke an executive order even though the laws surrounding such may not be as stringent as they could be.

 

Source 5:

https://www.ranker.com/list/bold-executive-orders-by-presidents/mike-rothschild

Content of this article:

This article dives into the most famous of the executive orders, the orders that helped shape this county. Diving in depth into some of the more infamous executive directives could make the second article of the constitution more relatable and easier to put into plain text.

What it proves:

This piece shows that the most well-known executive orders help shape the country we live in today. Executives orders help outline legal precedent that will shape the court system for many generations in the future.

White Paper – Pinkpineapples23

1.Physical activity, Fitness, and Physical Education: Effects on Academic Performance

The Content of the Article: The relationship between physical activity and physical fitness to brain health and to academic performance. Children should be provided with physical activity breaks, may increase time and attention on a task in a classroom setting.

What it proves: Physical activity is related to cognitive development and a healthier body. Children who are physically active outperform the inactive and unfit children for a short and long term. Overall, increases of physical activity improve the brain structure and the function that underlies academic performance.

2. Physical activity may help kids do better in school

The content of the article: Physical activity improving a child’s academic performance. Providing different studies assessing children in physical activity and comparing them to children who are not activity. Providing in school physical activity can benefit the kids.

What it proves: Children who are physical activity do better on test then children who are not active. Fitness in kids tends to corelate with higher socioeconomic status which strongly predictive of academic achievement. Where activity was added in schools, children who were at risk for obesity are now in the normal body range of mass index.

3. Preschoolers not getting enough physical activity in child care

The content of the article: The children spent 73% of tier time sedentary. They are claiming that the more active the children are at an early age the more likely they will maintain a higher activity level throughout their childhood.

What it proves:Spending little time on physical activity risks setting patterns for inactivity that will follow the children into their childhood. They have barriers that inhibits them to provide the children with physical activity, the space is not safe for play and the fear of the children getting hurt.

4. Physical activity: Benefits of exercise for health and wellbeing  

The content of the article: Provides the benefits of physical activity in different categories. The Categories are health, brain function, and emotional and mental health.   

What it proves:Physical activity helps to develop the children’s movement skills. Moderate intensity can increase the size of an area of the brain where learning and memory are involved. Being physically active can reduce any anxiety for people who have heightened anxiety. It will allow children to make more friends if they are physical active, especially in sports.

5. The Value of Movement Activities for Young Children  

The content of the article: Movement is important in a young child’s life. It can help not only motorically but emotionally and socially. They can benefit from many different types of motor activities. Movement can also help children with disabilities.

What it proves: Cooperative activities can help children learn to work together which can help them socially. The simple activities can help long reaching skill that can assists a child later in life. For children with disabilities, movement activates is a starting point for further development in other areas.

White Paper- muggastackz

 

https://intpolicydigest.org/2015/03/11/is-the-media-altering-our-perceptions-of-crime/

The Essential Content of the Article: This article provides information regarding social media outlets and how they are the reasons why crimes are becoming more and more prevalent. The idea behind this article is; are crimes rates increasing nationwide because social media allows us to perceive how the crimes are being done. It gave percentages on the difference between crime rates then and crime rates now.

What it proves: The article explains how the media can inform us about a crime that happens nationwide. Along with the idea that all of this information may not be true; people believe that crime rates are increasing. The more significant crimes get put on the social media platform to prove that crime will continue to grow. The FBI gives statistics that violent crimes across the nation are slowly decreasing reasonable crime rates are starting to rise.

 

The Essential Content of the Article: This article explains how murder rates are rising in cities. In many cities, homicide rates are increasing while the regular crimes like burglary are slowly decreasing. The article provides credible people like a chief of polices, a criminologist and a mayor to give information on why these rates are increasing.

What it proves: This article demonstrates that crime rates are increasing as actual crime is decreasing. In small cities, murder rates are rising due to environmental effects like a bad neighborhood. The data in this article is valid because there are people who have done research on this idea to prove that there is an increase with rates and a decrease in crime.

http://prospect.org/article/violent-crime-increasing

The Essential Content of the Article: The article talks about how crimes are increasing by racial and social groups. The article gives data regarding on the ages of different groups and how they affect crime rates in America. Political people give their thoughts on how the criminal justice system works.

What it proves: The article provides information on how people in society are affected by the criminal justice system and what makes these crime increase. Different races and social groups will do crime differently than others. People who abuse drugs do crimes as well to affect people in society. This article provides thoughts on why crime increase along with why do people do these crimes.

http://www.vindy.com/news/2018/sep/28/fbi-statistics-crime-report-local-nation/

The Essential Content of the Article: This article gives statistical data regarding local cities that mirror national crime rates. The article talks about two local towns whose homicide rates increased as well as decreased.  Chief of Police from the local cities made remarks on why these crimes are frequently happening and how things could lower the crime rates.

What it proves: This article proves that there could be possible ways on why murder rates keep increasing as crime will as actual small crimes are less prevelant in cities. This information helps with the credible sources and statistical data by having the increase or decrease from year to year.

https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/04/what-caused-the-crime-decline/477408/

The Essential Content of the Article: The main idea of this article is about how crimes have dropped in the U.S. This article reflects on how crime in the 90s has changed from then to now. There are questions and answers to why certain things have changed dealing with crime.

What it proves:  This proves that the crime rates have going upward. Even when they decrease, they still continue to increase. This article provides information for each region and how their rates different from others. This also gives details on how policing works along with how the economy works with the criminal justice system and the crimes that are happening.

 

 

White Paper- P1nk123456

Question:

Why don’t Black people wear their natural hair? Why are they raised to permanently change their hair from its natural state?

Thesis:

Black people do not wear their hair naturally because they have been taught for centuries to assimilate into White society.

 

Prologue/ Possible Beginning:

For my research essay, I am exploring the social aspects of Black society in America. I want to know why Black people do not like their natural hair. Now I know this is not for every single Black person, but the majority believe that their hair is unattractive, unprofessional, or not “good”. Off of the top of my head, I can answer by saying it is a cultural belief that has been passed on for generation starting from slavery and has been held onto because of racial bias in society. What I don’t understand is why in today’s society, Black people, specifically women, still believe that their hair is inferior in comparison to a White woman’s hair. Even if they fear that they will not be accepted into society, whether it is because they have directly dealt with workplace issues involving their hair or indirectly from their parents, why do they believe that their hair is not attractive or professional enough to the point that they chemically alter their hair.

Another issue is the Black woman’s view of other women. As much as some may say that they do it to make White people comfortable or to assimilate into White society, they do it because they feel that their Blackness is unattractive. Black women will comment and ridicule other Black women for the same hair that they naturally have. If you were changing your hair for the White people, why would you attack the Black people? They are known for calling other female’s hair unruly, unattractive, and unprofessional; they refuse to own their natural hair type.

As many compliments that I have received over the years for having an afro, I have also received lots of critiques, especially form Black people. Usually White people ask annoying and stupid questions like “how do you get it like that?” or “can you straighten it?”, followed by trying to touch my hair and saying how cool or pretty it is. These questions usually irritate me and honestly make me think (and say out loud) “are you stupid, of course I can straighten it” or “I don’t know, how do you get your hair like that?” But when a Black person comments something that’s not a compliment, it is usually along the lines of “you need to get your hair done,” as if I didn’t spend 5 minutes moisturizing and pikking it in the morning and an hour washing and detangling the night before. Some people believe that being“light skinned” girls or boys were more attractive than “dark skinned” or the Black people that would only date Hispanics or Whites because they have better physical attributes and would their children “good hair”.” Not that that shouldn’t be a problem, we are allowed to have our preferences, but It is basically saying Black is not beautiful.

Structure: 

  1. Introducing thesis, Biological advantage of Black hair; what is natural black hair?

Generations of Black people, specifically women, in America have dealt with generations of social struggle to meet the ideal beauty standard when it comes to their hair. The battle between not being White, but trying to look as though they fit in socially with the Eurocentric beauty standards of this country has impacted the hairstyle of Black people for decades.

Natural Black has ranges from soft, ‘S’ shaped curls to the tight ‘Z’ shaped of a kinky afro. Famous personal hairstylist, Andre Walker, invented the Andre Walker Hair Typing System which rates hair from pin-straight type 1a to the kinkiest type 4c; most Black people being typer 3 and 4 (**Nina G. Jablonski, George Chaplin.) Originating in Africa, kinky hair evolved for the dry heat by whi

Post emancipation African American culture did the double duty of investing in two things to “fix” their Blackness, their otherness. Skin bleaching and hair straightening were the dual remedies. Skin bleaching has dramatically fallen out of fashion, and is now seen as a politically incorrect ritual of self-hatred. However, altering hair texture is still a booming business in African American communities.

Nappy, kinky, or curly; they are all descriptions of Black hair. What defines Black or African hair ranges from loose, S shape curl patterns to tightly curled hair to the kinkiest ‘Z’ shaped, cross-sectioned strands of an afro.

2. Going back in time (African slaves and wool), Looking “White”, “Appropriate” hair styles for black people

 

3. After slavery, Different hair styles and ways to do them, Black hair styles during segregation

 

4. Cultural self-hatred with hair

 

5. Political statement of the 60s and 70s

 

6. Retreat from the statement

 

7. Modern hair expression

 

8. Conclusion

I know that it is completely true that a lot of White people do not understand the concept of Black hair since they live in their bubble and that there was a time when Black hair was less acceptable and professional, but in modern times, it shouldn’t be a problem.

Citations:

THE POLITICS OF BLACK HAIR A Focus on Natural vs Relaxed Hair for African-Caribbean Women by Michael Barnett

 

  • “that in many cases the underlying motivation for black women to straighten their hair is due to a deep-seated desire to distance themselves from their natural “kinky” hair.”
  • “In other words, many black women seek to reject their natural black features and emulate white physical characteristics as a result of self-hate based on the internalization of a white supremacist worldview and the racialized hierarchies associated with this.”
  • “Along with the ideology of white supremacy comes the notion of black inferiority. Hence it is by no means a leap of the imagination to posit that the development of low self-esteem among blacks results from their internalization of white supremacy.”
  • “black women had to make do with butter and bacon grease and in some extreme cases, black men used the axle grease for carriages on their hair to give it a straighter look.”
  • “Second, after living so long in a country where white supremacy was the norm, black women internalized the notions of black inferiority, which led them to embrace the concepts of “good hair” and “bad hair” – where kinky hair is seen as “bad hair” and straight, flowing hair as “good hair”. As a consequence of this, they tried to straighten their hair even if it meant using dangerous chemicals like lye, which they mixed with potato, vaseline, and soap at times to create a formula known as “conk””
  • They have gone to the extreme of using bacon grease or car oil to slick their hair back.
  • “the blacks who had been freed before the war wanted to hang on to their position at the top of black society and used as their justification the notion that light skin and “good hair” made them superior”
  • “As early as the 1830s the selling of haircare products for blacks was commonplace in African American periodicals in the U.S. North (as were beauty parlours run by free African American women). These early advertisements focused on products to lighten the skin and straighten the hair.”
  • During the late 1800s African American intellectuals and middle class men championed black hair in its natural state as the preferred style. This trend became even more apparent in the early twentieth century, during and after World War I, when activists such as Marcus Garvey, W.E.B. Du Bois and J.A. Rogers advocated that blacks, especially women, embrace what they deemed to be a natural and inherent beauty born of one’s African heritage.
  • “black women use hair straightening as an assimilation mechanism based on a belief that it conveyed a non-threatening image to white and mainstream society and allowed one to more easily blend in with the rest of society.”

 

Proves: Black women straighten their hair to be a part of the White society. There also lies self-hatred that has carried on for generations; little girls believing they are inferior and less attractive because of their skin and hair. Natural hair has only been a “trend” three times in the last 200 years. White people have been known to prefer hair that doesn’t look like “wool” because it is unattractive, unruly, and threatening.

 

 

https://www.derm.theclinics.com/article/S0733-8635(13)00125-3/pdf

 

WHY AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN TRY TO OBTAIN ‘GOOD HAIR’ Whitney Bellinger University of Pittsburgh at Bradford

  • Commendably, Donaldson (2012) links the economic security factor with that of assimilation. She argues that black women use hair straightening as an assimilation mechanism based on a belief that it conveyed a non-threatening image to white and mainstream society and allowed one to more easily blend in with the rest of society.
  • “Raven-Symone relates her understanding of hair straightening as a way to blend in and make those unfamiliar with black hair (especially whites) more comfortable. In her words, “Relaxing one’s hair is a way to make everybody around you more relaxed.””
  • “According to Abdullah (1998) and Thompson (2009), black women with natural hair in many cases are deemed unkempt, unprofessional and downright unemployable”
  • “Hotel cashier Cheryl Tatum was fired in 1988 for refusing to take out her braided hairstyle. Her supervisor called the hairstyle “extreme and unusual”. If, by contrast, Tatum had worn her hair straightened it would have been very unlikely that she would have been fired at all.”
  • Black women straighten their hair because of tradition. For generations, they have relaxed or hot combed their hair to reach the stiff, but “straight” look. Black female identity has been chosen before they could choose for themselves as a cultural norm.
  • “With the notable absence of celebrity role models and images of women with kinky or natural hair in advertisements and in black magazines (as well as mainstream women’s magazines), there is space for a subliminal message to be communicated that natural hair is not sexy, fashionable or desirable”
  • “Good hair” is only achieved when being close to White textured hair and wearing weave.
  • Hair that is good without being straight is only seen in girls that are mixed race. Their hair is curly and grows down and long.
  • “She further pointed out that because many black women have internalized the pervasive negative bias against African textured hair (black hair in its natural state), it takes them a while to get used to wearing their hair natural”
  • Natural hair is unsexy
  • “Hairstyles essentially indicated things such as a person’s marital status, age, ethnic identity, religion, wealth, and rank within particular communities or regions.”
  • “As such, even though natural African textured hairstyles are growing in popularity, they still are not as widely accepted or as widely regarded as the permed or processed (creamed) and weave-based hairstyle common in largely black communities or societies”

Proves: Black women believe that if their hair is long and straight, they are assimilated into society and accepted by White people. They are also seen as attractive. Having relaxed hair makes White people comfortable. Black women are more marketable for jobs when their hair is straight, so the option might come down to being financially stable or having natural hair. There is a lack of Black women in the spotlight, and when there is, they do not wear their natural hair. It shows young Black girls that their hair is considered unattractive and undesirable.

 

Afro Images: Politics, Fashion, and Nostalgia Angela Y. Davis

https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/pdfplus/10.1086/448739

  • “ whose unruly hair natural hairdo symbolized Black militancy (that is, antiwhiteness).”
  • 60’s era of Black militancy

 

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afro-textured_hair

 

  • “natural hair texture of certain populations in Africa, the African diaspora, Oceania and Asia. Each strand of this hair type grows in a tiny, spring-like helix The overall effect is such that, compared to straight, wavy or curly hair,[1]afro-textured hair appears denser.”
  • “In many post-Columbian, Western societies, adjectives such as “wooly”, “kinky”, “nappy”, or “spiralled” have frequently been used to describe natural afro-textured hair.”
  • Hair is categorized currently by a number and letter system; 1a being pin straight have and 4c being the kinkiest and darkest hair type.
  • “Afro-textured hair grows at an average rate of approximately 256 micrometers per day, whereas Caucasian hair grows at approximately 396 micrometers per day.”
  • “An individual hair’s shape is never completely circular. The cross-section of a hair is an ellipse, which can tend towards a circle or be distinctly flattened. Asiatic heads of straight hair are formed from almost-round hairs, and Caucasian hair’s cross sections form oval shapes. Afro-textured hair has a flattened cross-section and is finer, and its ringlets can form tight circles with diameters of only a few millimeters.”
  • “afro-textured hair may have initially evolved because of an adaptive need amongst humans’ early hominidancestors for protection against the intense UVradiation of the sun in Africa”
  • “Historically, many cultures in continental Africa developed hairstyles that defined status, or identity, in regards to age, ethnicity, wealth, social rank, marital status, religion, fertility, adulthood, and death. Hair was carefully groomed by those who understood the aesthetic standard, as the social implications of hair grooming were a significant part of community life.”
  • “In 1960s United States, natural afro-textured hair was transformed from a simple expression of style into a revolutionary political statement. It became a fundamental tool of the Black movementin America, and “[h]air came to symbolize either a continued move toward integration in the American political system or a growing cry for Black power and nationalism.””
  • “At this time, an African-American person’s “ability to conform to mainstream standards of beauty [was] tied to being successful.”[12]:148Thus, rejecting straightened hair symbolized a deeper act of rejecting the belief that straightening hair and other forms of grooming which were deemed ‘socially acceptable’ were the only means of looking presentable and attaining success in society. The pressing comb and chemical straighteners became stigmatized within the community as symbols of oppression and imposed White beauty ideals.”
  • Conking was used in the 1930s to straighten kinky hair
  • Black girls’ self-esteem reflects their hair

 

Proves: Black hair has been used as a symbol of rebellion and freedom three times in history. It is a way to fight conformity and the pressure to be a part of White society. A political statement. Blackness was seen as a positive attribute in these times. Their hair is a part of their heritage.

 

 

Ayana D. Byrd and Lori L. Tharps. “Hair Story: Untangling the Roots of Black Hair in     America.” Bucknell. 2001. Retrieved 24 September 2018. http://www.libcat          .bucknell.edu/wcpa/servlet/org.oclc.lac.ui.DialABookServlet?oclcnum=45094139

 

Chris Rock “Good Hair”

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZeXUm8OOUA8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=63tXzrpWjbM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D0DgVijM7Z8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xxQGXmEVw-4&t=470s

White Paper- Misterfries19

My Proposal

In my research paper, I intend to dive into the relationship between adolescent drug use and how the music teenagers listen to can effect their perceptions of different drugs, in an effort to help better predict future drug tendencies in our youth and stop them at the source. Studies show that popular music in America over the past 50 years has included more and more references to drug and alcohol abuse over time. Over the same course of time, the feelings adolescents have about different drugs have changed significantly. Other studies can show a possible similarity in the relationship between why people choose to use drugs and listen to music, as opposed to trying to find out which causes which, music or drugs. Through the careful analysis of mainstream musical lyrics and studies conducted to show drug preferences and tendencies among adolescents over time, medical professionals and parents everywhere can gain a better understanding of the adolescent mind, as well as predict future usage trends and implement strategies to stop the trend from growing.

  1. “Exposure To Cannabis in Popular Music and Cannabis use among Adolescents”
    • Essential Content of Article: In an effort to identify a possible relationship between Cannabis use in teenagers and Cannabis references in the music these teenagers listen to, The Society for the Study of Addiction conducted surveys at three different urban high schools. The Survey was designed to see how often 9th grade students in these environments smoke weed, if ever, while also asking how often the students listen to music containing references to weed. The results showed that 12% of the students were cannabis users, while 32% had used it before. The students were exposed to 27 Cannabis references a day, which is much more frequent than the average. The study showed that while it does not cause cannabis use, students who are more prone to hearing these references have a higher chance of exposure to cannabis at a young age.
    • What it proves: By giving me statistics on early marijuana use in teenagers who listen to music containing marijuana references, I can make claims about the music’s effect and draw links to later stages of drug use.
  2. “What has America Been Singing About?”
    • Essential Content of the Article: Sage Journals dipped into the biggest billboard songs from the past 50 years (1960-2010), examining the songs’ lyrics to see what most artists were singing about. In the early years (60’s), songs were mostly about love and intimate relationships. But, as years progressed, songs tended to be written more about the sexual side of relationships, and eventually more so about other personal problems, such as drug and alcohol abuse. By the 2000’s, the frequency of drugs, sex and alcohol references in America’s popular music had reached it’s highest point.
    • What it proves: This article can be utilized to show that there is a growing interest in music about certain vices, such as drugs and alcohol. The article can also be used to understand how these changes can show differences between people of different generations.
  3. “Key Findings on Adolescent Drug Use”
    • Essential Content of the Article: The University of Michigan published this in-depth study about adolescent drug use between 1975-2017, including statistics showing a drug’s availability, perceived risk, disapproval ratings, and other factors among the opinions of adolescents. The study breaks down each drug separately, explaining their specific trends as time passed from 1975 to 2017.
    • What it proves: This article will be absolutely key in my research. This study doesn’t just show statistics about how much a certain drug is used. It actually finds a way to show the ever-changing opinions and perspective on different drugs from the eyes of the adolescent experimenter. This article can help me get inside the minds of those being studied so that I can better understand why these trends occur and make claims about possible drug trends in the future. Coupling this article with statistics from the article on what pop music is being written about, I can cross reference and make conclusions about my topic.
  4. “Is Cannabis a Gateway Drug?”
    • Essential Content of the Article: Wayne D. Hall and Michael Lynskey examine three popular notions regarding Marijuana and its moniker as a “gateway” drug. The three notions examined claim that Marijuana use comes before the use of other drugs, and the younger and more frequently one is exposed to it, the more likely they are to seek other drugs. By examining different explanations as to why these claims even exist, myths about the start of usage can possibly be debunked one day. Findings in the article indicated that sometimes a progression of illicit drug use from Marijuana can be more complicated to comprehend than it seems, with biological factors coming into play, as well as changing social norms among the people being exposed to the drugs.
    • What this proves: This article can help show a possible connection between music referencing marijuana leading to marijuana use, and early marijuana use leading to other illicit drug use. There are many factors at play, but social norms playing a factor in one’s inclination to try a drug can possibly be effected by the music that is socially accepted.
  5. Relationships Between Adolescent Psychiatric Diagnoses, Musical Preferences, and Drug Preferences
    • Essential Content of the Article: Bridget Doak of Temple University attempts to draw comparisons between the reasons for using a particular drug, and the reasons for listening to a particular kind of music, while also seeing if these preferences correlate with Psychiatric diagnoses. After surveying 58 students, results showed that among students with diagnoses, there is a strong relationship between why they listen to a particular kind of music and why they do a specific kind of drug. The results show that they are two different avenues used to achieve the same feelings.
    • What it Proves: This article can help us to better understand the relationship between drug use and musical tendencies based on their perceived goals of usage. It also shows that there is a correlation between certain diagnoses and what kind of music or drug is used to “deal” with these diagnoses. While the article will not so much provide me with proof of one being a cause of the other, it can show me how both drugs and music play a part in the everyday life of those who already use it.

 

Sources:

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02801.x

http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0305735617748205

https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/142406/Overview%202017%20FINAL.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/09595230500126698

https://watermark.silverchair.com/21-2-69.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAAiUwggIhBgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggISMIICDgIBADCCAgcGCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQMBxjXnkjKwUt-94yRAgEQgIIB2HvAeRY377vKVlaIW7SKWSNAA91XOXsHmLEGdXaaO1pjZ5ghGdQOggalKtyiivf_G9RakTfObMFBgpzUky6BDdiaHOjksB4crW0szvlLe056b4tpHzsD9atCdr7OR-SEh4rLyH3T8c20weKnRWMHAN__sS3KW7wBxbpWsj1xaEcTf0QHdrEn8wA24sJNZGrGb4NS_wfSS8PL5kImVIT74Q7m2Cp00mi_PaPo_p16OSJor-N3tDHiUpE3EzP8_v7u7hBrl8s6Y_4ykkULqOR005tr7at5vlM7iSgtsqgza4M9XKtz1htTSnqZ9ULhLCzNL-dtUFlHKtFSonEcfONd22LBnErnjfNYfHSQ0CR8_983eEXdXXN1ziJIaHQ6oVOvQ7ot_53U4lx0G2k45rrQcS0pz7tEK5gPyLzE-WHF85FXOre6brPaKZJVW4davztujhtuooYukuAj1HX_tv5y3072KNVE5dKi7Z6FrMXRV3mJndA45tTkOP4jDCoQKnvEz-fufGIu4pw3DCS3GxYNrRKeR5F44zW4QgW7mGEAlh99vh9rJ3odgaNr0uXCu-efXbvLFrfKDaf29xO8pf6QJs3f11wXG9QG2dhfZCJ5Wk3NRpuFCDEua98

 

White Paper- PeterBomersbach

Proposal:

Video games now a days are very different compared to ones created decades ago. They have developed a very solid foundation of people who play video games just to get some enjoyment or spend some leisure time. Although parents let kids play any video game they desire, all of them should really focus on what they let their kid play. Violent video games are a big problem for the young children who are still developing their brain because it can cause traumatic damage and change their lifestyle forever. Also playing an unhealthy amount of those violent video games can cause outside problems in school or with social life. Parents need to pay more attention to what their kid is playing and if they have experienced any affects with behavior in and out of school.

Source 1:

Do Violemt Video Games Make Kids More Violemt? – Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research

Content of Article- This article talks about a handful of studies with violent video game potentially changing behavior. About half of the studies show that violent video games can not cause aggressive behavior and the other half do state that aggressive behavior was an affect after playing violent video games. It just comes down to the type of kid who plays the video game in the first place and if their is any backstory.

What it proves:

This article proves that violent video games do cause aggressive behavior in some studies depending on the type of kid playing. The more violent video games that play, the more likely they are to be inclined to change their behavior for the worse.

Source 2:

Violent video games make children more violent

Content of the article:

This article has many studies within a lab that tested the behavior of kids compared to ones that were playing a non violent video game. There was no real correlation of the studies but more studies were taken, 98 with about 36000 kids and the results showed that kids playing Tye violent video game resulted in a more determined and punishing attitude when doings an objective. Most results were seen right away but some were not such as young adult desensitization.

what it proves: This article proves that violent video games within studies have showed that a change in behavior is immediate in young adults along with the desensitization of real violence.

Source 3:

Do video games lead to violence? – Susan Scutti

Content of article: This articles explains the correlation between video games and the health of young adults. This also comes off of what Donald Trunp said about having to change the way kids play video games saying how they shape young kids thoughts. They also say how killing people should not be a reward within a game as it can change the mindset of the player.

what it proves: This article proves that violent video games need to be further looked into because the level of aggresion as a result and the population of the video games between the ages of 12 and 17 years old.

Source 4:

Study confirms link between violent video games and physical aggression – Mike Snider

Content of article:

The whole article goes to explain how their studies that there was a direct correlation between violent video games and an increase to aggressive behavior over time. The universal studies by Dartmouth College used games such as Grand Theft Auto and Call of Duty to use with in their studies.

What it proves: This article proves that within their studies show violent behavior in nine to 19 year olds is a direct cause from playing violent video games such and GTA and Call of Duty.

Source 5:

Do Violent Video Games contribute to Youth Violence?

The Article: This shows a whole list of pros and cons with kids playing their favorite violent video games. One easy thing to notice is that the cons heavily outweigh the pros with stuff ranging from sales to actual school shooters came from violent video games.

What it proves: This article proves that violent video games can easily cause downhill changes in a persons behavior. That also state that the completion with in violent video also leads to aggresion. The fact that killing is a reward in most violent games is bad in itself.