But Enough About You- beachgirl04

  • Money seems to have a big role in our society; you can’t do much or get far if you don’t have any. Money is valuable in different ways, even when you don’t see it physically. In today’s society you must have faith in the government and in the banking system that your money is being handled in the proper manner; if not, then you would have to hide all of your money under your mattress or around your house. I have no clue what happens in the banks, or how they take care of your money. I always thought money was simple; you either have some or you don’t—that’s it. However, being introduced to this assignment, the Yap Fei, US gold, French francs, Brazilian cruzeros, and debit accounts now seem similar. You don’t actually see your money being transferred. When you get paid, you aren’t handed cash, you don’t receive a physical check, the money’s all directly transferred to your bank account, and you just have to trust that you got more money.
  • Revised: Money seems to have a big role in our society: we cannot do much in life without it. Money is valuable in many different ways, it may not always be physically. In today’s society we must have faith in the government and in the banking system that our money is being handled properly; if not then we would have to hide all of our money under our mattress or around the house. I have no clue what happens in banks or how they take care of our money. I always thought money was simple; we either have some or none at all. However, being introduced to this assignment, the Yap Fei, US gold, French francs, Brazilian cruzeros, and debit accounts now seem similar. We never actually see the money being transferred, we never physically receive cash or a check on pay day. The money’s all directly transferred to our bank accounts, and we just have to trust that we got more money when we are supposed to.

Rebuttal- beachgirl04

Dehydration; there’s a lot more to it

We give little thought to water, the fluid that preserves our health, maintains our body temperature, prevents headaches, and most importantly, keeps us hydrated.For many water is the only way to stay hydrated for daily living or strenuous activity. Overwhelming evidence proves that water maintains the equal body temperature needed for healthy blood flow and that performance suffers for athletes who don’t drink enough water prior to an event.

Even though water is the go to drink, it is the easiest type of drink to get no matter where we are and it is the most important fluid that enters our body. There are still people who refuse to drink water, say it is not the best fluid to keep us hydrated and argue that there are other fluids that can do a better job than water. Some of these arguments could be true, but could only be true to some. If there are individuals who do not need water in order to live a healthy lifestyle and do not become dehydrated without water then they happen to be lucky, hard to find individuals.

As researched prior it is important that one drinks at least 8-ounce glasses of water a day in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle and stop themselves from the awfulness of dehydration. The long lasting idea that anything other than water such as iced tea, coffee, tea, and sodas dehydrated you and to stay away from them. However, a recent study found that no scientific studies were found in support of 8 x 8. Rather, surveys of food and fluid intake on thousands of adults of both genders, analyses of which have been published in peer-reviewed journals, strongly suggest that such large amounts are not needed because the surveyed persons were presumably healthy and certainly not overtly ill. This conclusion is supported by published studies showing that caffeinated drinks (and, to a lesser extent, mild alcoholic beverages like beer in moderation) may indeed be counted toward the daily total, as well as by the large body of published experiments that attest to the precision and effectiveness of the osmoregulatory system for maintaining water balance (Valtin, 283). With that being said, it shows that maybe 8 ounces of just water are not needed daily in order to keep an individual hydrated and without those 8 ounces a person will not become ill. It also brings forth something that not many people know and that is that all of those caffeinated drinks such as iced tea, coffee, and soda can be counted towards the total of how much fluid you are consuming daily that contributes to hydration.

When it comes to achieving any goal there are always strategies to do so. For example in order to be hydrated each day people set strategies such as drinking a certain amount of water by this time, the next amount of water 3 hours later and so on so that they can make sure they are hydrated each day and drinking the amount of water that their body requires. Some beg to differ, for example there was an experiment done to examine the effect of various combinations of beverages on hydration status in healthy living males. The men consumed different combination of beverages including beverages that were carbonated, caffeinated caloric, non-caloric and coffee. Before this took place body weight, urine and blood were measured as well as afterwards. There was no significant differences in the effect of various combination of beverages on hydration status of healthy adult males.Advising people to disregard caffeinated beverages as part of the daily fluid intake is not substantiated by the results of this study. The across-treatment weight loss observed, when combined with data on fluid-disease relationships, suggests that optimal fluid intake may be higher than common recommendations. Further research is needed to confirm these results and to explore optimal fluid intake for healthy individuals (Grandjean, 591-600). This is another counterargument to my thesis that only drinking water is the key to staying hydrated each day. Since there was no significant difference in the males being studied who were drinking all different types of fluid compared to the ones who were just drinking water, it makes us question what are these different fluids doing to our internal organs that need water each day? That study disagrees with those individuals who come up with hydration strategies and believe those strategies are not necessary.

Within this argument, sports and strenuous activity have been important because hydration is even more essential to those individuals compared to others because dehydration can effect their performance. The main aim or aims of sports drink consumption do vary according to the exercise situation, but are likely to be one or more of the following: to stimulate rapid fluid absorption, to supply carbohydrate as a substrate for use during exercise, to speed re- hydration, to reduce the physiological stress of exercise, and to promote recovery after exercise. Water is not the optimum fluid for ingestion during en- durance exercise, and there is compelling evidence that drinks containing added substrate and electrolytes are more effective. Increasing the carbohydrate content of drinks will increase the amount of fuel which can be supplied, but will tend to decrease the rate at which water can be made available. (Shirreffs, 25-28). Taken from that, water is not the best drink for athletes to drink during their strenuous activity like it always has been, there must be other fluids that they incorporate in order to keep their performance up because if not their body can shut down and not perform to the best of their ability.

There is simply no way that anyone can avoid drinking water completely and still live a healthy lifestyle. There may be some days that one does not need to drink as much water as another day and can consume the other beverages such as soda, coffee, or alcoholic beverages but those fluids need to be combined with the consumption of water. Dehydration will always be as bad as it is made out to be because of how it effects the inside organs of your body, it takes a toll on you. Dehydration may affect some worse than it affects others, but it will never be a positive effect always negative.

 

References

Grandjean AC, Reimers KJ, Bannick KE, Haven MC. The effect of caffeinated, non-caffeinated, caloric and non-caloric beverages on hydration. J Am Coll Nutr. 2000;19(5):591–600.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Shirreffs SM. The optimal sports drink. Schweizerische zeitschrift fur sportmedizin und sporttraumatologie. 2003;51(1):25–30. https://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?title=The%20optimal%20sports%20drink&author=SM.%20Shirreffs&journal=Schweizerische%20zeitschrift%20fur%20sportmedizin%20und%20sporttraumatologie&volume=51&issue=1&pages=25-30&publication_year=2003

Valtin H. “Drink at least eight glasses of water a day.” Really? Is there scientific evidence for “8× 8”? Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2002;283(5):R993–1004.PubMedGoogle Scholar

 

Robust Verbs- beachgirl04

Original: There is a huge problem in Vancouver with heroin addicts committing crimes to support their habits. The “free heroin for addicts” program is doing everything they can to stop the addicts. The problem is that there is a large crime rate due to the addicts. It is obvious that addicts have a hard time getting through their day to day lives. Daily activities such as jobs, interactions, and relationships are hard to maintain because of the fact that they are using. By heroin users being addicted, they will do whatever they have to do to get their hands on the drug. The types of crimes committed are those of breaking and entering as well as stealing. There are no limits to where they will go to retrieve this drug so that they can feed their addiction. The problem with this program is that it won’t help to ween these addicts off using heroin. It is only trying to save the city from rising crime rates that they’re up to. By providing the drug, these addicts will be off the streets, which in turn will prevent them from committing minor street crimes. This will also keep the heroin users out of the hospital. It is pointless that the hospitals have to deal with people that want to use bad drugs or unsanitary needles and find themselves being unable to afford hospital bills and hard to cope without the drug. This program gives people free heroin in the cleanest way possible. This will in turn fix the city  but not the addiction that these people face.

 

New Paragraph: Heroin addicts in Vancouver commit a large number of crimes that support their habits. The “free heroin for addicts” is a program in Vancouver that is doing everything they can to stop the addicts; however, it is extremely hard for the addicts to get through their day to day lives and complete their daily activities. This program is doing their best to keep the addicts off of the streets and out of the hospitals by giving them the cleanest heroin possible but the program is not getting rid of the addiction.

Causal Argument- beachgirl04

Dehydration; there’s a lot more to it

For many individuals they drink water so they do not become dehydrated, which makes a lot of sense because in order to stay hydrated you must drink enough water. But have you ever wondered is that really the way to avoid dehydration? Do you really even know what dehydration means and what happens to your body when you are dehydrated? Dehydration is a serious health issue that so many people deal with and it comes from our body not having enough water in it. Dehydration does not just mean someone will pass out and lose consciousness if they do not have enough water in their body, there is so much more to it. The insides of bodies change, the brain changes, so many different parts of our body are affected when we are dehydrated. Dehydration can occur at any point in time, it is likely to occur during exercise or strenuous activity but that doesn’t mean it can’t happen on an everyday basis to just any human being. It is unbelievable the amount of people who allow themselves to get dehydrated when it is a simple task in order to not become dehydrated. In order to stay hydrated it is said to drink eight, eight ounce glasses daily for some it may take more while others it may take less.

Body fluid balance is controlled by both physiological and behavioral actions. However, when there is lack of fluid availability, exposure to extreme environments, or illness, inability to maintain fluid balance can seriously jeopardize health and the ability to perform. The terms euhydration, hypohydration, and hyperhydration will be used. Euhydration defines a normal, narrow fluctuation in body water content, whereas the terms hypohydration and hyperhydration define, respectively, a general deficit (hypohydration) and surfeit (hyperhydration) in body water content beyond normal (Kenefick, 71). This is why it has always been important for athletes to “stay hydrated” and “to drink a lot of water before they perform” because their ability will be affected by the amount of liquid inside of their body. However, when someone gets dehydrated one time they feel as if they have to drink an excessive amount of water; hyper-hydration which could be just as bad for them and could mess up the balance of their inside cells.  Dehydration has a large impact on the internal body systems, this article was written referring to the army soldiers since they are individuals who are out in the heat of a desert for countless hours each and everyday and they do not have a choice.

Hydration takes time, you can’t become hydrated from taking a sip of a cup of water every other hour. That is for sure not healthy and not going to help you stay away from the negative effects that dehydration has on you. It is obvious that dehydration is more likely to happen to athletes because of how much they perform. But in a study there was high school student athletes who lost weight by restricting fluids because they were required to do so. Cardiac output, heart rate, stoke volume, and oxygen difference were measured in 16 high school wrestlers during exercise at normal weight, after a four or five percent weight loss, and following one hour of rehydration. Weight losses were accomplished over 48 hours by fluid and food restriction as well as intermittent exercise. It was concluded that despite a short rehydration period, the cardiovascular dynamics of these high school wrestlers rapidly returned to normal during moderately heavy work because of the small plasma changes that accompanied the 48-hour weight loss (Allen, 159-163). Drinking water has such an impact on individuals bodies, in these wrestlers who had lost weight it was because they were not drinking water at the time but after a quick rehydration period their body returned to normal. For athletes and anyone else who exercises regularly, Exercising while dehydrated has some effects on the thermoregulatory system and may negate the physiologic advantages resulting from increased fitness and heat acclimization. The human body is composed of about 65% water, separated into extracellular and intracellular fluid. With exercise comes changes in hydrostatic and osmotic pressure (Casa ,249). There are even performance implications that come with dehydration among athletes such as 3% to 4% dehydration elicits a performance decrement and that environmental conditions can also play a role in performance not just dehydration. It is more likely that a wrestler experiences problems with performance because of hypo-hydration then immediate hyper-hydration (Casa, 250).

The amount of changes that occur in the human body as result of having water in it or not having water in it are beyond belief. It does not only effect a body physically and cause someone to pass out when they are not consuming enough water but it effects the cells of one’s insides. This article provides a comprehensive review of dehydration assessment and presents a unique evaluation of the dehydration and performance literature. The importance of osmolality and volume are emphasized as the single most essential aspect of dehydration assessment. No clear threshold or plausible mechanisms support the impairment in strength observed with dehydration. Similarly, the potential for dehydration to impair cognition appears small. The impact of dehydration on any particular sport skill or task is therefore likely dependent upon the makeup of the task itself (Cheuvront). The insides of our body are not balanced when there is not enough water inside, for example there is a linear regression of plasma volume change and body mass change after athletes sweat out water (closer to dehydration) but when we are drinking water whether it is a normal amount of an excessive amount our volume changes and rises. Each physiologic system in the human body is influenced by whether or not the dehydration is severe or not (Casa, 249).

References:

Dehydration and Rehydration. Book Chapter- Wilderness Medicine Textbook. 2012. Retrieved from http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a559016.pdf

Dehydration: Physiology, Assessment, and Performance Effects.Wiley Online Library.  (10 Jan 2014). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1002/cphy.c130017.

Exercise in the Heat. I. Fundamentals of Thermal Physiology, Performance Implication, and Dehydration. Journal of Athletic Training. (1999.) Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1322918/pdf/jathtrain00007-0030.pdf.

Hemodynamic response to submaximal exercise after dehydration and rehydration in high school wrestlers. 1 Jan 1977. Retrieved from https://europepmc.org/abstract/med/593078.

 

Causal- beachgirl04

Professor Hodges, I could use some help getting started with my causal argument. Should I state that dehydration is caused from not drinking water or that a way to avoid dehydration is to stay hydrated? I know that there is a connection between both hydration and dehydration but I am unsure on how to write 1000 words on this, I also am stuck on what type of sources to search for in order to support or oppose what I am trying to say. I do not want to go in the wrong direction and I also do not want this to be too similar to my definition argument that I posted last week. What is your opinion on how I should approach this argument?

  • When you do not drink enough water you can become dehydrated and possibly pass out.
  • Dehydration is caused from not hydrating enough, the amount of water needed to stay hydrated is eight, 8-ounce classes daily.
  • The effects of dehydration are….. while the cause of all this is not drinking enough water.

Definition- beachgirl04

We have always been told to drink water and the importance of drinking water but we really do not know what would happen to our body if we did not drink water. The term hydration is emphasized as well as dehydration. However, do we know what dehydration actually means or what will happen to our bodies if we do not have any water inside of it, there could be so many different meanings behind the word “dehydration”. Water loss dehydration is one of the two types of dehydration also known as hyperosmolar and occurs either because of increased sodium or glucose. It is said that dehydration is rarely due to neglect from formal or informal care givers, but rather results from a combination of physiological and disease processes (Thomas,292-301). The other type of dehydration is referred to as salt and water loss dehydration or hyponatremia.

Dehydration has always been thought of as an unpleasant occurrence that individuals experience. There are hydration tests that athletes take part in because of how bad dehydration is for them specifically. Dehydration reduces athletic performance and also puts athletes at risk for bad injuries and sometimes even death. For athletes, specifically it is crucial to stay hydrated because it will affect their performance tremendously. Monitoring hydration has significant value in maximizing performance during training and competition (Oppliger, 959-971). We know that drinking water is key for athletes because it affects how they play and without hydration could cause injuries but have we ever wondered what water is doing that causes our bodies to need it so badly. Dehydration can occur before exercise (hypo-hydration) or it can develop during exercise (exercise induced dehydration). Being involved in sports is when we hear it most often that it is important to always drink water before and after practice and that is because water is what helps regulate our body temperature and allow our muscles to contract, also our body keeps a normal body temperature by sweating out water which occurs during exercise.

In contrast to athletes being dehydrated and getting injured as a result of that there is also such thing as overhydrating. Over-hydration normally occurs to people who are involved in exercise that last longer than three hours, this is because the amount of sweat increased which causes the athlete to not have enough sodium in their blood stream. However, excessive overdrinking should be avoided because it can also compromise physical performance and health (Casa, 212). In the past, there has been examples of individuals whose blood sodium falls to a low level and their brain swells, which can result in seizures, coma, and death. When individuals do not know how much they should drink it is not smart to just keep drinking. The amount of water an athlete should drink depends on their volume of sweat and the sodium concentration of their sweat, both of which can vary depending on aerobic fitness, exercise intensity and ambient temperature(SportMedBC).

There are constant concerns with athletes and how much water they should be drinking or not drinking but hydration is still important for everyone else in the world. If we were outside at a three-day festival and did not have enough water in our system, would we would pass out? Would our brain dry out? Would our body shut down? Dehydration has so many effects on our body that are not all good and somehow not all bad. Dehydration does cause an increase in the concentration of body fluids, changes in the organ masses, evaporative water loss diminished and water reabsorption increased. Dehydration challenges the water balance and also decreases the water flux (Anderson, 313). Dehydration will not affect the body that others can physically see and tell us that we are dehydrated but the insides of our body start to experience difficulty and cannot function as well without having enough water in our system. Individuals may feel like they are going to pass out because their blood volume decreases and that cause blood pressure to drop which leads to not having enough blood and oxygen in our brain and that can also force us to feel like we are going to pass out.

In order to not get dehydrated, we need to be aware of how to stay hydrated and the process that it takes to have enough water in our system in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle. At the end of the day being dehydrated is extremely bad for us as humans. Depending on the lifestyle that each of us live, it is important that we must drink at least half of our body weight in ounces of water daily and that is because our bodies are made up of 55-75% water and we do in fact lose water daily by breathing. Some do not enjoy drinking plain old water, it is a suggestion to eat certain foods that we can get water from; the best source is fruits and veggies (McArthur).

Hydrating is not something that someone can force on us, we must force ourselves to stay hydrated and to drink enough water because it has so many different benefits and prevents us from getting dehydrated. Being dehydrated will not cause death, it can but it is not something that awful instead it will affect the inside organs of our body as important as an individual’s brain. However, the constant instruction to drink water and stay hydrated when we are going to be outside for long hours or are going to participate in exercise is important. Our body needs it, it depends on water in so many different ways.

 

References

“Are you drinking enough water?” 2016, Jun 10. The Spectrum.

“Hydration Testing of Athletes” Springerlink. December 2002.

“Hyponatemia or Overhydration- Who is at Risk? “ SportMedbc. 2017.

“Not Good, but Not All Bad: Dehydration Effects on Body Fluids, Organ Masses, and Water Flux through the Skin of Rhinella schneideri (Amphibia, Bufonidae)” . The University of Chicago Press Journals. 3 January 2017.

 

 

 

Open Strong- beachgirl04

We are always instructed to hydrate, to keep drinking water when you are going to be outside all day or before a sporting event. Have you ever thought to yourself why or what would happen if you did not listen to those people who told you to do that? Do you really know what it means to hydrate and in contrast what it means to be dehydrated. It is important to know the difference between hydration and dehydration because they are both key parts to staying healthy. It may not be such a bad thing to be dehydrated, there is so much more to it.

When you drink water, take a minute to think yourself how much water does your body really need. Do you know there is such thing as drinking too much water? Not many people realize that drinking too much water may be just as harmful as not drinking any water. Of course drinking water helps your body but it is crucial to know when you are just drinking water or when you are overhydrating. Death by over-hydration can happen even though it is rare.