As demand for meat increases on a global scale, the environment suffers the consequences. The products in agriculture increases when demand is high but when it’s not, production still continues and causes damage to the market. It all started when the need of ending poverty arised and the economy decided that the demand for meat was greater and cheaper to produce than crops. The overproduction of meat releases toxic chemicals like methane and carbon oxide. These chemicals are harmful and effect global warming. Economic success in the rising of social classes increase the demand of meat to end poverty causes ecological disasters.
In 2016, the pork demand in China was a driving force for the global production to feed lower social classes. The “ global demand” made Chinese hog farmers earn record breaking profits due to the rise of prices the consumer would pay. As this need for meat rises the social classes increase therefore decreasing poverty yet the high price makes it harder for lower classes to buy. Due to this demand, it causes ecological disasters but little efforts are made to decrease overproduction because it’s all about the economic success. The writer Austin Alonzo said “in the long run animal agriculture, and the pork industry, will shine due to the growing global population and rising middle class.” (Alonzo 2016) This further examines how animal agriculture will continue to exist as the global population increases and the market produces profits for farmers.
Yet if expansion increases at an exponential rate then farmers must adjust prices to meet demand. This problem can cause the market to crash and meat will no longer be viewed as a “rich only” product. When a person’s income is greater than others then their able to afford meat while others don’t have the necessary income to afford it, making meat more rarer to get. Not really rare, since social classes are becoming richer and richer as the economy grows. The concept of global demand is viewed differently from the market and consumer point of view. The market adjusts it’s value and consumers create the demand. As the pork industry increases the price of corn is decreasing. Depending on the market and demand the production in crop and agriculture needs. The production necessary for livestock is greater than what the crop yield can feed the poor. Resources are not being assigned correctly and all the crops goes into animal agriculture, leading an overproduction and waste.
In the World Bank article, the consumer and the market are evaluated. For example, if a farmer loses some of their livestock then they are forced into selling whatever they have at a low price due to the low economy, just to survive that day. That will affect them in the long run when the profits they could’ve had were made from their thriving livestock production and now will remain poor. Making poverty harder to come out of if the market delinces. As interventions to end poverty and help climate change arises the economy will stabilize.
Due to the climate change caused by the production in animal production, the lower social classes suffer the most. They have limited resources and can’t adapt if the economy declines or a ecological disaster occurs. It’s counterintuitive that the helping the poor and the rise of social classes causes ecological problems as well as the economy causes the original problem in a never ending cycle, making all the efforts to end poverty just increases the numbers and causes pollution. New climate policies are being formed to help reduce emissions and help the poor to climb up the social ladder. “When British Columbia created its carbon tax, it used the revenue to lower income and business taxes and to create a low-income climate action tax credit that provides quarterly support to the poor to help with energy costs.” (World Bank 2015) This carbon pricing used the revenue to stream money to help energy costs to help the poor and decrease greenhouse emissions. With some countries, like Indonesia, creating subsidy reforms it changes the increase of energy prices with aid for healthcare and cash for low-income households and students. Creating these “social safety nets” it will prevent the poor into falling even further in the social class ladder. Animal agriculture will should have a net zero to lower emissions caused by the overproduction of the global demand.
Alonzo, Austin. “China Hogs World’s Pig Market in 2016.” WATTAgNet, WATTAgNet, 24 June 2016, http://www.wattagnet.com/articles/27386-china-hogs-worlds-pig-market-in-2016
“Climate Change Complicates Efforts to End Poverty.” World Bank, 6 Feb. 2015, http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2015/02/06/climate-change-complicates-efforts-end-poverty