Rebuttal Version 1.5

Crimes dwell in our neighborhoods; it is as if they are the stronghold of our societies since the time of our ancestors. Just the other day there was a synagogue shooting in Pittsburgh; this adds up to the numerous mass shooting cases our society face- According to J. Courtland of ABC 15 news report out of Arizona, in the span of 2 years, 2017-2018, the U.S have had about 639 incident of a mass shooting. In 2016 the U.S had a 4.1 percent increase in violent crimes, while crimes on properties fell to a 1.3 percent, which includes a whopping 19.1 percent overall decline in burglary in the United States (2016). The FBI’Ss “Crime in the United States” report that The United States saw a flashing number of about 1,515,096 burglaries in 2016, in other words, a 4.6 percent decrease in the number of burglary relative to those from 2015. Even though the numbers look huge, compared to the total population of the United States, crimes on properties are heading in the right direction. Crimes such as burglary which is on a steady decrease according to the 2016 FBI crime report statistics. Burglary cases are dropping steadily because of the new innovative technology that helps us keep our homes safe even when we are not around. Home securities, along sides our law enforcement officers, have done a swell job at keep burglars at bay.

Let’s take a look at the City of Old Bridge, a small suburban neighborhood in North- Central Jersey with a population of about 66,673 according to the 2016 census. Old bridge has a crime index of 65, which implies it is safer than 65% of U.S. Cities. Just like Glassboro, the demographics of Old Bridge is slightly similar, except Old Bridge has a larger population than Glassboro, yet Glassboro has a higher crime rate than Old Bridge. It may seem that the absence of a huge college institution such as Rowan University in Old Bridge can be a key to the low crime rates in Old Bridge. What if the absence of a huge institution such as colleges, and so on is not the reason for Old Bridge’s low crime statistics, rather it is the characters of the mass population of its habitat that make a huge difference. Old Bridge as we know has one of the largest high schools in the State of New Jersey, way bigger than Glassboro high, and might be three-eight the size of Rowan University. In 2016 four of Old Bridge district Schools earned National School of Character, which puts Old Bridge in top 10 National district of Character in the state of New Jersey. Sizes do not matter when it comes to the fact that we have a city with high burglary rates when nationwide, burglary rates are steadily dropping. Take a look at the stats from Glassboro’s neighboring community, Williamstown; just like Old Bridge, it has no huge institutions present, and it has lower crime rates than Glassboro.

Have we looked into the other factors in the crime report? It is as if burglary is the only crime in the report. Ultimately burglary is not the reason why crime rates are sky high in Glassboro because, in reality, it is people without character in Glassboro that are driving crime rates up in the city of Glassboro. The national statistics for burglary occurrences are on a steady decline, but Glassboro, on the other hand, is receiving the opposite stats for this same crime. Security and preventative measure are adopted into our society regularly. You can believe all these innovative, and improved technologies are made available for everyone including people living in Glassboro. We can see that their problem is not a technological one, but one of character. It is safe to assume that the people living there need to be vetted, maybe stricter policies should be imposed on Rowan University. Also, more police officers patrolling the neighborhood would scare people who are on the verge of committing a crime. Take a look at Old Bridge, it has numerous police officers patrolling the streets of Old bridge daily, and I must say it seems to be working, hence the low crime rate. Also, we may believe that Glassboro is or isn’t a crime infested city, well think about the tribulation they have to deal with, with these obnoxious young adults running wild in the streets of Glassboro. Cases including assaults and harassment are generally high in areas closest to Rowan University.

 

 

Reference

Courtland, J. Mass shootings in the U.S.: When, where they occurred in 2018. ABC 15 ARIZONA. https://www.abc15.com/news/data/mass-shootings-in-the-us-when-where-they-have-occurred-in-2018 . Accessed 29 October 2018.

Crime in the United States. U.S Department of Justice. FBI. CJISD. https://ucr.fbi.gov/crime-in-the-u.s/2016/crime-in-the-u.s.-2016/topic-pages/burglary . Accessed 29 October 2018.

Old Bridge Township Public Schools. https://www.oldbridgeadmin.org/Page/10711 . Accessed 31 October 2018.

2016 Crime Statistics Released. https://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/2016-crime-statistics-released . Accessed 29 October 2018

Enough about you- KinGGkunta

Money seems to have a big role in our society; you can’t do much or get far if you don’t have any. Money is valuable in different ways, even when you don’t see it physically. In today’s society you must have faith in the government and in the banking system that your money is being handled in the proper manner; if not, then you would have to hide all of your money under your mattress or around your house. I have no clue what happens in the banks, or how they take care of your money. I always thought money was simple; you either have some or you don’t—that’s it. However, being introduced to this assignment, the Yap Fei, US gold, French francs, Brazilian cruzeros, and debit accounts now seem similar. You don’t actually see your money being transferred. When you get paid, you aren’t handed cash, you don’t receive a physical check, the money’s all directly transferred to your bank account, and you just have to trust that you got more money.

Money seems to have a big role in our society; It seems virtually impossible to accomplish anything without it. In today’s era, society has amounted huge faith in government and the banking system. If not, money will be placed under pillows and mattresses. In today’s society the presence and amount of money an individual has determines his/her wealthiness. However from this assignment, Yep Fei, Us gold, French francs, Brazilian cruzeros, and debit accounts now seem similar. Money isn’t physically seen during tranfers or transactions, yet the money directly goes to the bank.

Robust Verb- kinGGkunta

There is a huge problem in Vancouver with heroin addicts committing crimes to support their habits. The “free heroin for addicts” program is doing everything they can to stop the addicts. The problem is that there is a large crime rate due to the addicts. It is obvious that addicts have a hard time getting through their day to day lives. Daily activities such as jobs, interactions, and relationships are hard to maintain because of the fact that they are using. By heroin users being addicted, they will do whatever they have to do to get their hands on the drug. The types of crimes committed are those of breaking and entering as well as stealing. There are no limits to where they will go to retrieve this drug so that they can feed their addiction. The problem with this program is that it won’t help to ween these addicts off using heroin. It is only trying to save the city from rising crime rates that they’re up to. By providing the drug, these addicts will be off the streets, which in turn will prevent them from committing minor street crimes. This will also keep the heroin users out of the hospital. It is pointless that the hospitals have to deal with people that want to use bad drugs or unsanitary needles and find themselves being unable to afford hospital bills and hard to cope without the drug. This program gives people free heroin in the cleanest way possible. This will in turn fix the city  but not the addiction that these people face.

Vancouver adopted an orthodox method in tackling its high crime rate. Who would have thought serving drugs, more specifically heroin, to its citizen could save the city from its sickening crime rates. The relation between the rising heroin addiction of its citizens and crimes led to this resolution. Odd, but it had promising effects on the city of Vancouver. Low cases of thieving, break-ins, and so on. Hospitals regulate the distribution of drugs, and this reduces drug overdose and other diseases that can be contracted from unsafe practices.

Rebuttal Essay -KinGGkunta

Crimes dwell in our neighborhoods; it is as if they are the stronghold of our societies since the time of our ancestors. Just the other day there was a synagogue shooting in Pittsburgh; this adds up to the numerous mass shooting cases our society face- In 2 years, 2017-2018, the U.S have had about 639 incident of a mass shooting(Courtland). In 2016 the U.S had a 4.1 percent increase in violent crimes, while crimes on properties fell to a 1.3 percent, which includes the 19.1 percent overall burglary rate in the United States (2016). The United States saw a flashing number of about 1,515,096 burglaries, in other words, a 4.6 percent decrease in the numbers of 2015 (Crime). Even though the numbers look huge, compared to the total population of the United States, crimes on properties are heading in the right direction. Crimes such as burglary which is on a steady decrease according to the 2016 FBI crime report statistics. Burglary cases are dropping steadily because of the new innovative technology that helps us keep our homes safe even when we are not around. Home securities, along sides our law enforcement officers, have done a swell job at keep burglars at bay.

Let’s take a look at the City of Old Bridge, a small suburban neighborhood in North- Central Jersey with a population of about 66,673 according to the 2016 census. Old bridge has a crime index of 65, which implies it is safer than 65% of U.S. Cities. Just like Glassboro, the demographics of Old Bridge is slightly similar, except Old Bridge has a larger population than Glassboro, yet Glassboro has a higher crime rate than Old Bridge. It may seem that the absence of a huge college institution such as Rowan University in Old Bridge can be a key to the low crime rates in Old Bridge. What if the absence of a huge institution such as colleges, and so on is not the reason for Old Bridge’s low crime statistics, rather it is the characters of the mass population of its habitat that make a huge difference. Old Bridge as we know has one of the largest high schools in the State of New Jersey, way bigger than Glassboro high, and might be three-eight the size of Rowan University. In 2016 four of Old Bridge district Schools earned National School of Character, which puts Old Bridge in top 10 National district of Character in the state of New Jersey. Sizes do not matter when it comes to the fact that we have a city with high burglary rates when nationwide, burglary rates are steadily dropping. Take a look at the stats from Glassboro’s neighboring community, Williamstown; just like Old Bridge, it has no huge institutions present, and it has lower crime rates than Glassboro.

Have we looked into the other factors in the crime report? It is as if burglary is the only crime in the report. Ultimately burglary is not the reason why crime rates are sky high in Glassboro because, in reality, it is people without character in Glassboro that are driving crime rates up in the city of Glassboro. The national statistics for burglary occurrences are on a steady decline, but Glassboro, on the other hand, is receiving the opposite stats for this same crime. Security and preventative measure are adopted into our society regularly. You can believe all these innovative, and improved technologies are made available for everyone including people living in Glassboro. We can see that their problem is not a technological one, but one of character. It is safe to assume that the people living there need to be vetted, maybe stricter policies should be imposed on Rowan University. Also, more police officers patrolling the neighborhood would scare people who are on the verge of committing a crime. Take a look at Old Bridge, it has numerous police officers patrolling the streets of Old bridge daily, and I must say it seems to be working, hence the low crime rate. Also, we may believe that Glassboro is or isn’t a crime infested city, well think about the tribulation they have to deal with, with these obnoxious young adults running wild in the streets of Glassboro. Cases including assaults and harassment are generally high in areas closest to Rowan University.

 

Reference

Courtland, J. Mass shootings in the U.S.: When, where they occurred in 2018. ABC 15 ARIZONA. https://www.abc15.com/news/data/mass-shootings-in-the-us-when-where-they-have-occurred-in-2018 . Accessed 29 October 2018.

Crime in the United States. U.S Department of Justice. FBI. CJISD. https://ucr.fbi.gov/crime-in-the-u.s/2016/crime-in-the-u.s.-2016/topic-pages/burglary . Accessed 29 October 2018.

Old Bridge Township Public Schools. https://www.oldbridgeadmin.org/Page/10711 . Accessed 31 October 2018.

2016 Crime Statistics Released. https://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/2016-crime-statistics-released . Accessed 29 October 2018

 

 

Causal Argument- KinGGkunta

Crime rates may not necessarily reflect the number of crimes that lingers in our communities. Especially in Glassboro New Jersey. First, let’s dive into North Okanagan towns from the year 2007. From “Lowest crime rate recorded in North Okanagan towns.” Spallumcheen and Coldstream had a record low crime statistics ever recorded. It may be due to the rural development of these neighborhoods, but one thing is for sure these towns lack certain urban aspects such as a “downtown,” and has few institutions that serve alcohol. Also, it may appear that rates for break-ins, damaged properties even though are criminal offenses, are not included in the crime stats of these towns. It makes a big difference. These break-ins can drive up crime rates, and in turn, create an illusion that the town is not safe. Glassboro, a town with a crime index of 16(Neighbor), accumulates most of its crime statistic through breakings, property damage, and theft. The ratio of violent crime to break-ins in Glassboro is about 2.12-30.00, that’s a huge jump. That means for every violent crime about 14.15 burglary or theft occurred in the city of Glassboro. From “Burglars, robbers drive crime rate up,” by Nicholas Jones, indicates that burglary has drastically driven New Zealand’s crime rate up with a 4.8 percent rise. But the good news is, the police has made it their goal to tackle burglary cases to reduce it. Besides the fact New Zealand has a high ridden crime rate mostly due to burglary, we can assume New Zealand is just like Glassboro; labeled by high crime rates which are solely the works of burglaries, and, or, break-ins.

An interview between myself and a source who will not be mentioned for privacy reasons; is a student resident at Glassboro, and like most college kids, he lives for the spotlight, parties, and the thrill of being in college. He parties most weekends, and certain weekdays. His go-to phrase to justify his action is, “I’m living my best life bro.” We can safely assume at these venues there are alcohols, and drugs present in these locations. And from “Lowest crime rate recorded in North Okanagan towns” we see the connection alcohol has with crime in a neighborhood. It’s like most crimes are committed whenever a college party is thrown. Let’s look at the number of shut down parties that happen in Glassboro, specifically areas close to Rowan University. With about 8-10 months, Rowan’s campus police shut down nearly 850 cases of unauthorized parties (2018). That is a lot of parties being shut down within 8-10 months a year, especially when all these cases occur specifically in areas within the university, and that doesn’t include the numerous parties that proceed without police interruption or whatsoever. But we can assure ourselves that after the closing of the party no one goes home directly. After a few stops, and mischiefs that these college kids embark on, Glassboro attains itself an epidemic of rampant break-ins, misdemeanors stemming from trespassing to jaywalking, public nudity, and so on. With that, you can trust that these offenses are being recorded, and it adds up to Glassboro’s high crime rate.

Not to sound like a broken record, we are taking a step back to dissect how crime rates come about. From “Production of Crime Rates” by Donald J. Black, we understand that official crime reporting has several factors to it. Meaning when one calls the cops and reports a situation, a police officer has to record and assess the situation. Then concludes is an investigation has to be made into the matter. As for reporting a crime to the police, that becomes “raw data for official crime rates- ‘crimes known to the police.’” (Production). The reason for the complication in computing crime rates is, sometimes some calls are false, there could be a misunderstanding and so on. Sometimes the investigation does not turn out how it was supposed to, and forth. Another look from “Crime Control Measures, Individual Liberties, and Crime Rates” by Jay Albanese. Surprisingly the author of this piece extrapolated his info from 40 different countries and came up with some interesting conclusion, but what stands out the most is that from his tremendous research and work, He found out that Theft, burglary, break-ins were number 1 problem in these countries, followed by assault and homicide.

Despite burglary being a nuisance in Glassboro, and all other places, it is the one thing among many factors that drive Glassboro’s crime rate up. Burglary by college kids, more specifically Rowan Students, or burglary by any Glassboro resident who does not necessarily attend Rowan University. Either way, burglary is still burglary regardless of who performed such act. Going back into the demographics of Glassboro, we find out that areas close to Rowan University- including Rowan University have high cases of burglary and other crimes. It may sound like these areas are crime infested neighborhood, but you know the crime that mostly occurs in these areas do not include any major felony such are murder or of sorts, rather break-ins, theft, trespassing, and so on. The point is not to mitigate the severity of those crimes, but on a scale, if we were to compare crimes such as trespassing to murder or assault, we would conclude that trespassing is not that bad, break-ins are not that bad, unless if it leads to other crimes of malicious intent then we will have to retract our statement. That is what Glassboro faces, a label not well suited for this town, but its crime rate speaks numbers. So it inherits the poor image of a bad neighborhood when in reality, it is petty crimes that chime in unto the rising crime statistic of Glassboro.

 

Reference

Albanes, J. (November, 2016). Crime Control Measures, Individual Liberties, and Crime Rates An Assessment of 40 Countries. Accessed 23 October 2018

Black, J. D. (August 1970). Production of Crimes Rates. American Sociological Review, Vol. 35, No. 4 pp. 733-748

Jones, N. (October 2016). Burglars, robbers drive crime rate up. The New Zealand Herald; Auckland, New Zealand, A.26. Accessed 23 October 2018

Lowest Crime rate recorded in North Okanagan towns. Kelowna Capital News; Kelowna, B.C. [Kelowna, B.C]. D5. Accessed 17 October 2018

Neighborhood Scout, https://www.neighborhoodscout.com/nj/glassboro/crime . Accessed 23 October 2018

2018 Annual Security and Fire Safety Report. Rowan University, https://sites.rowan.edu/publicsafety/_docs/annual_security_report.pdf . Accessed 26 October 2018

Open Strong- KinGGkunta

  • Take few notes on the daily activities that transpire in your neighborhood, and ask yourself, is my neighborhood safe? For starters, the demographics of various cities most likely describes the safety of a neighborhood. Take Camden, Newark or a predominantly “Black” neighborhood for example. We all know these cities are viewed as crime-infested cities. If you were to walk down the street in one of these neighborhoods you are most likely to clench unto your belongings.
  • Burglary, theft, rape, murder, these are all crimes faced by our society. Yet our law enforcement proclaim how safe our societies have become. With high arrest rates, and all we can still find cities with high crime rates, and unhospitable atmosphere. This begs the question, “Are our cities becoming safe as our law enforcers proclaim it to be?”

Definition Essay- KinGGkunta

Crime, as we all know, is a problem that has lingered from generation to generation, yet data and statistics say our society is getting safer and safer with new laws and technology. We seem to see more advanced and improved training given to our local law authorities and enforcers, but the question still stays, are our communities becoming any safer? First, let’s look into what crime is. If you were to walk down the street and get hit by another person, your first reaction is to retaliate or better yet call the cops. By this we register that a crime has been committed, and if the police are to get involved whichever party that guilty of it will most likely be punished by our penal system. What if you chose the third option, you decide to walk away. We can all agree that a crime was still committed, but this time the perpetrator got away with it. The next day you can ask a police officer about the crime that happened the day before, and he will deny such a thing happened in that neighborhood. He might even go on to say that town is the safest town to live in or what so ever, but we know otherwise. Let’s take it a step further, the weekly report of crime in the neighborhood is out and it says, “No crimes committed this week,” and you say to yourself “hmmm, didn’t ABC get assaulted by XYZ the other day on the street we all saw that, so why are the cops saying no crimes committed this week? There must be an error in that calculation.” We all know that example is a little farfetched, but that was just a segue into my next topic.

Crime rates, we get these stats displayed often on our television screen when it comes to the election of a new representative or federal/ government official. But how are they recorded? For starters, every time a crime is reported to the cops, it is logged, and after the cycle, the crime rate is computed with a formula, which is, the number of reported crimes reported to law enforcement agencies per 100,000 total population (Computational). Remember the outlandish scenario I previously made? Well since that crime wasn’t reported, we can safely assume that the crime rate of that neighborhood is zero since no one reported the crime to the cops. Now the rumor from other neighborhood is, “that neighborhood ABC lives in is safer than ours since their crime rate is zero.” Despite the scenario being a little too extreme, our society suffers similar problems. Problems such as inaccurate crime rates, and a false sense of safety in certain towns. Let’s dive into our neighboring town Glassboro, a town of about 19,835 people, the crime index over there is 16. To individuals who do not know what crime index is, the crime index is crime rating on a 0 to 100 scale where 100 is the safest. If your town should have an index of 80, which means your town is safer than 80% of towns in America (Neighborhood). At first glance at these statistics the thought of moving to Glassboro, if you had an, may have possibly ejected your mind, but did you know this same town harbors one of the finest colleges in New Jersey, Rowan University. Many things can be attributed to this driven up crime rate in Glassboro. From petty crimes to major crimes, all these crimes add up when computing crime rates. Back to my previous example, how does this differ from the scenario? How is Glassboro any safer than that neighborhood? Then only difference is the crimes in Glassboro are being reported, and the ones in that scenario were not. Is reporting these crimes harmful to the city’s image? Well, yeah they are, but reporting them is one step to creating a safer neighborhood. An earlier conversation between my professor and I, allowed me to realize how tricky it is when it comes to crime rates, and the improper reflections it has on the actual number of crimes committed in our society.

Let’s take a look at a town neighboring Glassboro, Williamstown. Hopefully, I recall perfectly; there was an incident where my parents had to decide between Glassboro, and Williamstown, which town they would live in, and, they responded, “Williamstown.” When I asked why, they responded, “Because Glassboro has a higher crime rate.” I come to find out that stat was not necessarily true. Glassboro is a fine neighborhood to live in, and the reason why they had a higher crime rate that Williamstown was because there was a college institution in the town. The notion that the crime rates of Glassboro are linked to crimes reported by Rowan students should not be dismissed. After all, some of these crimes do occur on campus and are recorded in Glassboro’s statistics; this is because Rowan University is located in Glassboro. If we could rewind back in time, and tell our ancestors not to build Glassboro State University, now known as Rowan University, we would be able to compare the impact of Rowan University on Glassboro. All we can do now is compare the stats between Glassboro and its neighboring town which does not have a college in it.

Another scenario, imagine you live in a town with high prostitution, and the newly elected governor decides to ride the city of its prostitution problem. Guess what the crime rate of that town will be driven up by a huge margin. This was because every single case of prostitution will be taken seriously and greatly investigated. What if that same governor decided not to attack prostitution firmly? You will find out the crime rate does not go up as much. In both cases, none of the towns ever got safer, but the only difference was, the crime rate rose up tremendously.

References

[Computational Formula]. State of California Department of Justice, https://oag.ca.gov/sites/all/files/agweb/pdfs/cjsc/prof10/formulas.pdf . Accessed 17 October 2018.

Neighborhood Scout, https://www.neighborhoodscout.com/nj/glassboro/crime . Accessed 17 October 2018.

What is the Crime Index?. Neighborhood Scout, https://help.neighborhoodscout.com/support/solutions/articles/25000001997-what-is-the-crime-index- . Accessed 17 October 2018.