Reflection Essay- kinggkunta

After several weeks of intensive writing, we are finally at the end. Technically there is no end to this, and by this, I mean writing. As put in the first core value of Rowan’s first-year writing program, we establish the concept that writing involves a recursive multistage social process. That way our writing gets better. For example, the first draft of my causal argument must be one of the worst things I’ve ever written in my life, but after a series of revisions and conferences with my professor, I produced a well-polished final product.

But before I could get there, I had to read other scholastic works and understand them. My personal favorite was the visual rhetoric assignment, which allowed me to watch a short clip(visual only) and produce my understanding of what I just watched. The difficult part of this assignment was when we had to describe each frame as we see it. I quickly found out each person has a unique view on things. Ultimately each view contributed to the conversations on a broader level and widened the understanding of the assignment. Rowan’s first-year writing core value 2 basically elaborates on that.

For the third core value, we are strongly urged to know our audience as we write. For the most part throughout my writing process, I had no clue who my audience was, but finally, I found it, and it turns out not to be my professor, but rather a young adult who lives in Glassboro. It took me several weeks to finally figure this out, but I did. The language I used in my research paper shows the audience my paper is for.

Fourth, Know what you are talking about. This means research your subject matter, and educate yourself first before you decide to teach others. I think this was the second challenge I faced throughout the writing process. And just like like every hurdle I faced, I overcame. After researching my topic, I found enough information to make my research paper.

Now on the last and final core value provided to us by Rowan’s first-year writing program. Always give credit to fellow writers. First of it’s ethical, and the world hates lairs. Don’t plagiarize others’ contents. Site all sources, and if possible create a bibliography at the end of your work so, our audience will know where we get our information from. At the end of my research paper, a reference section has been dedicated to citing my sources, and an annotated bibliography to do the same, but this time I tell my audience how I used each of my sources.

Annotated Bibliography- KinGGkunta

1.”Crime Rate and Legal Definition.” U.S Legal, Retrieved 4 December 2018, https://definitions.uslegal.com/c/crime-rate/.

Background: It Provides a legal definition of “crime rate”.

How I used it: I used it to establish the meaning of “crime rate” in my paper. So my readers will be on the same page as me when I refer to crime rate.

2. Cohen N., and Iati M. (2018). “Homicides dropped by 7 percent in 2017. Here’s how many each county had.” NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, https://www.nj.com/essex/index.ssf/2018/01/2017_homicides_shell_do_not_post.html. Retrieved 2 December 2018.

Background: The violent crime statistics in New Jersey is on a decline, with several county deaths on an all-time low.

How I used it: I added all the number of murders recorded from each county and presented it to

3.”Computational Formula”. State of California Department of Justice, Retrieved 17 October 2018. https://oag.ca.gov/sites/all/files/agweb/pdfs/cjsc/prof10/formulas.pdf.

Background: It provides the formula for calculating the crime rate in the United States.

How I used it: I used this to provide my readers with a method of calculating the crime rate of a town.

4.crime. (n.d.) A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier.. (1856). Retrieved 4 December 2018, from https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/crime

Background: This provides us with the legal definition of a crime.

How I used it: I used the definition provided to establish a base understanding of crime in my paper.

5.” FBI Releases 2017 Crime Statistics.” U.S Department of Justice. Retrieved 2 December 2018. https://ucr.fbi.gov/crime-in-the-u.s/2016/crime-in-the-u.s.-2016/topic-pages/tables/table-1

Background: This gives us  the nation’s crime stats and its standings from 2017

How I used it: I used the stats provided in comparison to the stats those of Glassboro’ and New Jersey.

 

6.” Glassboro, NJ Crime Rates.” Neighborhood Scout, Retrieved 5 December 2018. https://www.neighborhoodscout.com/nj/glassboro/crime.

Background: It provided information on Glassboro’s demographics, crime rates, and crime index.

How I used it: I used the information to carefully describe Glassboro, and establish its crime index for my users so they are aware where Glassboro lies in rankings.

 

7. “Old Bridge, NJ Crime Rates.” Neighborhood Scout, Retrieved 5 December 2018. https://www.neighborhoodscout.com/nj/old-bridge/crime

Background: It provided information on Old Bridge’s demographics, crime rates, and crime index.

How I used it: I used the information to carefully describe Old Bridge, and establish its crime index for my users so they are aware where Glassboro lies in rankings.

8.”Property Crime.” Wikipedia. Retrieved 2 December 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Property_crime.

Background: It provides a definition of property crime.

How I used it: I used it to establish the difference in the type of crimes there is, and define what property crimes are.

9. “Violent Crime.”  Wikipedia. Retrieved 2 December 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Violent_crime.

Background: It provides a definition of violent crime.
How I used it: I used it to establish the definition of a violent crime in my paper.

10. “What is the Crime Index?”. Neighborhood Scout, Retrieved 17 October 2018. https://help.neighborhoodscout.com/support/solutions/articles/25000001997-what-is-the-crime-index-.

Background: It defines and shows the use of crime indexes.

How I used it: I used it to establish a base definition for what crime index means in my paper.

11. “2018 Annual Security and Fire Safety Report, Rowan Campus Security.” Retrieved 5 December 2018, https://sites.rowan.edu/publicsafety/_docs/annual_security_report.pdf

Background: It provides detailed statistics of incidents at Rowan University 3 years back.

How I used it: I used this to present the recorded number of crimes Rowan has from the year 2017, that is currently in Glassboro’s crime log.

Research Paper -kinggkunta

There is more to Glassboro’s crime rate! Don’t get it misunderstood.

Crime in Glassboro is on a rampage, or that’s what its crime rate tells us. On average police respond to several calls throughout their shift. On a good day, these calls could mean nothing,  but on other occasions, these calls occur due to robbery, grand theft, rape, drug trafficking, burglary and so on. Crime rates were introduced to help us keep track of the number of crimes committed in a neighborhood. But before we talk about crime rates, let’s establish the legal definition of a crime. According to For Law Dictionary by John Bouvier, crime is “a violation of a law in which there is an injury to the public or a member of the public, and there is a term in jail or prison, and/or a fine as possible penalties…”  In other words, all  John Bouvier is saying is that a crime is an action that breaks the rule of law, or the laws of a community.

Now back to crime rates and how they come up with the numbers. In the United States, the mathematical definition of crime rate, according to the “Computational Formulas” of California’s government, is the number of crimes reported to law enforcement agencies per 100,000 total population. This is a great general formula, but it provides an inflated data when the crime rate for towns with a population less than 100,000 people. According to Crime Rate Law and Legal Definition, a post on USLegal website, we understand that “crime rates help law enforcement agencies access the effectiveness of a crime control policy…” That’s a nice way of saying crime rates also reflect on the impotence of law enforcement agencies in a community.

For instance, Glassboro, a small suburban town in south New Jersey, has a high crime rate in comparison to most other suburban towns in both New Jersey and the nation. Can this be the result of ineffective policing in Glassboro, or failing safety policies and procedures in Glassboro? The answer to that is neither, but one thing for sure is, the police officers in Glassboro are responding to lots of 911 calls. Crime rates as previously discussed can be calculated only if our officers are made aware of the “crime” that has been committed, and after assessing the situation, the incident is logged and decided [the incident is not decided] if further action needs to be taken. But what if our law enforcement officers aren’t made aware of certain crimes that occur in a neighborhood? In this case, there will be no record of those offenses, and they may never be reflected in the city’s crime report. Even better, certain crimes can be categorized in ways that can mislead viewers or inhabitants that their community is safer than some other town, which can create a false sense of safety relative to other towns.

Regardless of that, how does that define Glassboro’s rising crime rate? Well, understand that even though there is a legal definition of crime provided, there are slight variations in the definition as we go from town to town and even generation to generations. What might be a crime in Glassboro, may be overlooked in another city, or the criminal being let off with a warning or no legal implications. Also, cases that might be deemed as serious offenses may be viewed as misdemeanors or “light” crimes. Either way, it varies in communities. So comparing the crime rates of different communities can be misleading. The better way to determine if a city is getting safer or worse is to compare the stats from its previous years because every city has its own different culture, and make-up. Glassboro, for the most part, harbors Rowan University with about 15,401 students, with the remaining 4,610 as Glassboro residence. This leaves Glassboro with about 20,011 residents, with some Rowan students as residents. Rowan University is known for its wild weekend parties and “crazy” frat activities. According to student A from Rowan University, whose identity won’t be disclosed for privacy reasons, claims that he is “living” his best life. When asked about it, he said, “Bro there is always a party going on somewhere in Rowan.” Curious enough the question about cops shutting down parties and arresting students rose, and he responded, “Yeah, all the time. I got a citation for pissing outside the other time. To be honest, I was glad they did not get me for being drunk, and the weed that was in my pocket.” That statement intrigued me and got me to thinking, what if Rowan is part of the reason Glassboro has high crime rates.

According to Neighborhood Scout, areas harboring and neighboring Rowan University have the highest crime potential. It’s also marked as the most “dangerous” part of Glassboro. This may be due to the activities that go on at Rowan University. Just like every college, Rowan attracts outsiders into its environment, and the presence of outsiders should be taken into account when calculating the crime rate of Glassboro. Well, for starters, we don’t know if these crimes were committed by Glassboro residents or “troublemakers” stopping by Glassboro, more specifically Rowan University for a party. If our law enforcement agencies separate crimes committed by Glassboro residents from non-residents, there will be a decrease in the numbers that are reported yearly by our police officers. From Rowan’s 2018 Annual Security and Fire Safety data, There were 1,053 instances of a crime at Rowan’s main campus alone in the year 2017. This stat is included in Glassboro’s crime report regardless of what the crime was.

The severity of these crimes is debatable based on what, how, and why they occurred. Regardless the stats are rising for Glassboro. From Neighbourhood Scout, Glassboro is reported to have a crime index of 16; for those who may not know what a crime index is, crime index is 0-100 rating scale. Where 100 is the safest and 0 is the most dangerous. According to Neighbourhood Scout, the Index is based on the crime rate per 1,000 population for all crimes in a specific neighborhood or city. So an index of 70 implies your city is safer than 70% of cities in the United States. With that said, Glassboro’s index of 16 implies that Glassboro is safer than 16 percent of U.S cities. That’s scary if you think of how many cities and towns are in mainland U.S.A, not including U.S territories, and islands. That’s still a lousy number for Glassboro. We all know the popular stereotype about the neighborhoods densely occupied by minorities, and/ or people of color. Well, I hope that did not cross your mind, because, according to Neighborhood Scout, 67.9 percent of Glassboro’s population is white or of European descent, and about 16.5 percent is of African descent. The remainder is either of Asian, Native, Hispanic or of 2 or more races.

It might seem unnecessary knowing all these data about Glassboro, but the purpose is to alert you on the tiny things that contribute to the rising crime rate of Glassboro township. And Yes, I’m aware of my claim, which is, Burglary is the reason why Glassboro has a high rising crime rate. But after weeks of investigating and questioning. I found my hypothesis to be disputable. I realized that the crime rate in Glassboro is heavily influenced by burglary and the other crimes that occur within its neighborhood. Although this town has a high crime rate, it is not among the list of cities with the highest crime rates in the United States. Yet Glassboro’s numbers are higher than the national average of all communities in the United States. Based on the FBI’s findings we can conclude that Glassboro isn’t one of the safest neighborhood in the States. Chances of being a victim to a violent or property crime in Glassboro is 1 in 31. This puts Glassboro with the 10 percent cities with the highest crime stat in New Jersey. With that statement, about 32 crimes are committed per resident in Glassboro. This data covers Glassboro’s property and violent crimes. But before we continue, let us learn the difference between the two.

On a quick gland, our intuition will tell us property crimes probably consist of atrocities done to people’s property and so on. Well, that’s true, but there is more to it. Larceny, motor vehicle theft, shoplifting, burglary, vandalism, robbery et.c. Property crime are crimes to obtain money, property or some other benefits; according to Property crime from Wikipedia. This definition shows the broad range in which property crimes full under. Violent crimes, according to Wikipedia, on the other hand, aren’t as tricky as property crimes. Crimes that are done with the intention or threat of hurting a victim. Murder, rape, and assault are clear examples of violent crime. Knowing these distinctions between these types of crime, we can continue on our path to discovering which crimes heavily impact the town of Glassboro.

When it comes to violent crimes, the odds of being a victim of one in Glassboro is 1 in 472, which equates to 2 per 1000 residents in Glassboro. Statistically speaking that’s higher than the New Jersey’s average, which includes all its small cities. Despite the high numbers, Glassboro has 0 reports or incidents of murder. While New Jersey’s violent crime tally may indicate the odds of 1 in 408 residents is a victim of a violent crime. But the murder tally for New Jersey is far higher than that of Glassboro. Unofficial numbers show that about 334 homicide was recorded, according to Cohen and Iati from nj.com.  The national average on violent crime is 3970 offenses per 1000 people; that’s a rate of 3.97 in violent crimes. With about 4983 instances of murder in the United States.

On the other hand, the numbers spike up when it comes to property crimes. For Glassboro; as recorded in Neighborhood Scout, 1 in 33 people are victims of a property crime. This leads to about 30 crimes per 1000 inhabitants. Compared to New Jersey state average, which is 1 in 65. This indicates that Glassboro residents are 2 times more likely to be a victim of property crime than any other place in New Jersey.

On a national level, the numbers show that there are 24,510 cases for every 1000 people in the United States. That’s a property crime rate of 24.51. It is recorded that Glassboro accumulates most of its numbers from theft followed by burglary. Theft alone has a rate of 20.97 occurrences per 1000 residents in Glassboro, and 11.35 occurrences per 1000 residents in New Jersey. Nationwide the numbers are 17.45 occurrences per 1000 residence in the United States. All the same, theft has the highest recording in all levels; from Glassboro to the national level. With burglary trailing with about 8.12 occurrences per 1000 people in Glassboro. So saying that Burglary is the major factor that drives Glassboro’s crime rate can be booted out of the window because statistics prove that theft is the leading crime in Glassboro, and/ or nationally.

Other crimes such as motor vehicle theft in the town have low numbers up to 0.91 cases per 1000 residence. It may look relatively small compared to the other crimes in Glassboro, but after combining even the tiniest numbers, they amount to large figures altogether.

Others may argue that Glassboro is a dangerous town altogether and if we were to look at a different suburban town such as Old Bridge, which has a population of 67,032 habitats; A far greater population than that of Glassboro. Old Bridge has an index of 65, which implies that it’s safer than 65% of most United States’ cities. Hands down that’s a remarkable statistic to go by. According to the FBI’s crime statistics, the chances of being a victim of a crime in Old Bridge is 1 in 96, which ultimately computes to a crime rate of 10.43 per 1000 residents. Old Bridge has both its property and violent crime rate lower than the national average, and on the state level, it is among the 43% of cities that have the lowest crime data in  New Jersey.

An applaud is overdue for the policing staff, and residents of Old Bridge; if not already done, but with these stats presented, we must remember that both towns consist of different geographic and social makeup. Old Bridge for starters has 71.6% of its population that is White, 11.4% Hispanic, 4.5% Black, and the remaining either Native or of two races. With this demographic makeup, it should be no surprise that the crime numbers for Old Bridge are this low. Also, this suburban neighborhood has no large institutions, such as a State college or private college, and/ or even a mall. For a large town, it sure seems to be missing certain things that may be the difference in having a low crime rate or a high crime rate.

 

 

References

“Crime Rate and Legal Definition.” U.S Legal, Retrieved 4 December 2018, https://definitions.uslegal.com/c/crime-rate/.

Cohen N., and Iati M. (2018). “Homicides dropped by 7 percent in 2017. Here’s how many each county had.” NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, https://www.nj.com/essex/index.ssf/2018/01/2017_homicides_shell_do_not_post.html. Retrieved 2 December 2018.

“Computational Formula”. State of California Department of Justice, Retrieved 17 October 2018. https://oag.ca.gov/sites/all/files/agweb/pdfs/cjsc/prof10/formulas.pdf .

crime. (n.d.) A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier.. (1856). Retrieved 4 December 2018, from https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/crime

“FBI Releases 2017 Crime Statistics.” U.S Department of Justice. Retrieved 2 December 2018. https://ucr.fbi.gov/crime-in-the-u.s/2016/crime-in-the-u.s.-2016/topic-pages/tables/table-1

 

“Glassboro, NJ Crime Rates.” Neighborhood Scout, Retrieved 5 December 2018. https://www.neighborhoodscout.com/nj/glassboro/crime.

“Old Bridge, NJ Crime Rates.” Neighborhood Scout, Retrieved 5 December 2018. https://www.neighborhoodscout.com/nj/old-bridge/crime

“Property Crime.” Wikipedia. Retrieved 2 December 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Property_crime.

“Violent Crime.”  Wikipedia. Retrieved 2 December 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Violent_crime.

“What is the Crime Index?”. Neighborhood Scout, Retrieved 17 October 2018. https://help.neighborhoodscout.com/support/solutions/articles/25000001997-what-is-the-crime-index- .

“2018 Annual Security and Fire Safety Report, Rowan Campus Securtity.” Retrieved 5 December 2018, https://sites.rowan.edu/publicsafety/_docs/annual_security_report.pdf

Definition- kinggkunta

The safety of our society has and always will be one of the concerns of ours, for this reason, crime rates were introduced to help us keep track of the number of crimes committed in a neighborhood. But before we talk about crime rates, let’s establish the legal definition of a crime. According to For Law Dictionary by John Bouvier, crime is “a violation of a law in which there is an injury to the public or a member of the public, and there is a term in jail or prison, and/or a fine as possible penalties.”  In other words, all  John Bouvier is saying is that a crime is an action that breaks the rule of law, or the laws of a community.

Now back to crime rates and how they come up with the numbers. In the United States, the mathematical definition of crime rate, according to the “Computational Formulas” of California’s government, is the number of crimes reported to law enforcement agencies per 100,000 total population. This is a great general formula but it provides an inflated data when the crime rate for towns with a population less than 100,000 people. According to Crime Rate Law and Legal Definition, a post on USLegal website, we understand that “crime rates help law enforcement agencies access the effectiveness of a crime control policy…” That’s a nice way of saying crime rates also reflect on the impotence of law enforcement agencies in a community.

For instance, Glassboro, a small suburban town in south New Jersey, has a high crime rate in comparison to most other suburban towns in both New Jersey and the nation. Can this be the result of ineffective policing in Glassboro, or failing safety policies and procedures in Glassboro? The answer to that is neither, but one thing for sure is, the police officers in Glassboro are responding to lots of 911 calls. Crime rates as previously discussed can be calculated only if our officers are made aware of the “crime” that has been committed, and after assessing the situation, the incident is logged and decided [the incident is not decided] if further action needs to be taken. But what if our law enforcement officers aren’t made aware of certain crimes that occur in a neighborhood? In this case, there will be no record of those offenses, and they may never be reflected in the city’s crime report. Even better, certain crimes can be categorized in ways that can mislead viewers or inhabitants that their community is safer than some other town, which can create a false sense of safety relative to other towns.

Regardless of that, how does that define Glassboro’s rising crime rate? Well, understand that even though there is a legal definition of crime provided, there are slight variations in the definition as we go from town to town and even generation to generations. What might be a crime in Glassboro, may be overlooked in another city, or the criminal being let off with a warning or no legal implications. Also, cases that might be deemed as serious offenses may be viewed as misdemeanors or “light” crimes. Either way, it varies in communities. So comparing the crime rates of different communities can be misleading. The better way to determine if a city is getting safer or worse is to compare the stats from its previous years because every city has its own different culture, and make-up. Glassboro, for the most part, harbors Rowan University with about 15,401 students, with the remaining 4,610 as Glassboro residence. This leaves Glassboro with about 20,011 residents, with some Rowan students as residents. Rowan University is known for its wild weekend parties and “crazy” frat activities. According to student A from Rowan University, whose identity won’t be disclosed for privacy reasons, claims that he is “living” his best life. When asked about it, he said, “Bro there is always a party going on somewhere in Rowan.” Curious enough the question about cops shutting down parties and arresting students rose, and he responded, “Yeah, all the time. I got a citation for pissing outside the other time. To be honest, I was glad they did not get me for being drunk, and the weed that was in my pocket.” That statement intrigued me and got me to thinking, what if Rowan is part of the reason Glassboro has high crime rates.

According to Neighborhood Scout, areas harboring and neighboring Rowan University have the highest crime potential. It’s also marked as the most “dangerous” part of Glassboro. This may be due to the activities that go on at Rowan University. Just like every college, Rowan attracts outsiders into its environment and the presence of outsiders should be should be taken into account when calculating the crime rate of Glassboro. Well, for starters, we don’t know if these crimes were committed by Glassboro residents or “troublemakers” stopping by Glassboro, more specifically Rowan University for a party. If our law enforcement agencies separate crimes committed by Glassboro residents from non-residents, there will be a decrease in the numbers that are reported yearly by our police officers. From Rowan’s 2018 Annual Security and Fire Safety data, There were 1,053 instances of a crime at Rowan’s main campus alone in the year 2017. This stat is included in Glassboro’s crime report regardless of what the crime was.

 

References

“Crime Rate and Legal Definition.” U.S Legal, Retrieved 4 December 2018, https://definitions.uslegal.com/c/crime-rate/.

[Computational Formula]. State of California Department of Justice, https://oag.ca.gov/sites/all/files/agweb/pdfs/cjsc/prof10/formulas.pdf . Accessed 17 October 2018.

crime. (n.d.) A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier.. (1856). Retrieved 4 December 2018, from https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/crime
Neighborhood Scout, Accessed 17 October 2018,   https://www.neighborhoodscout.com/nj/glassboro/crime .

2018 Annual Security and Fire Safety Report, Rowan Campus Securtity. Retrieved 5 December 2018, https://sites.rowan.edu/publicsafety/_docs/annual_security_report.pdf

 

Causal Argument- kinggkunta

Crime in Glassboro is on a rampage, or that’s what its crime rate tells us. On average police respond to several calls throughout their shift. On a good day, these calls could mean nothing,  but on other occasions, these calls occur due to robbery, grand theft, rape, drug trafficking, burglary and so on. The severity of these crimes is debatable based on what, how, and why they occurred. Regardless the stats are rising for Glassboro. From Neighbourhood Scout, Glassboro is reported to have a crime index of 16, which implies that, Glassboro is safer than 16 percent of U.S cities. That’s scary if you think of how many cities and towns are in mainland U.S.A, not including U.S territories, and islands. That’s still a lousy number for Glassboro. We all know the popular stereotype about the neighborhoods densely occupied by minorities, and/ or people of color. Well, I hope that did not cross your mind, because, according to Neighborhood Scout, 67.9 percent of Glassboro’s population is white or of European descent, and about 16.5 percent is of African descent. The remainder is either of Asian, Native, Hispanic or of 2 or more races.

It might seem unnecessary knowing all these data about Glassboro, but the purpose is to alert you on the tiny things that contribute to the rising crime rate of Glassboro township. And Yes, I’m aware of my claim, which is, Burglary is the reason why Glassboro has a high rising crime rate. But after weeks of investigating and questioning. I found my hypothesis to be disputable. I realized that the crime rate in Glassboro is heavily influenced by burglary and the other crimes that occur within its neighborhood. Although this town has a high crime rate, it is not among the list of cities with the highest crime rates in the United States. Yet Glassboro’s numbers are higher than the national average of all communities in the United States. Based on the FBI’s findings we can conclude that Glassboro isn’t one of the safest neighborhood in the States. Chances of being a victim to a violent or property crime in Glassboro is 1 in 31. This puts Glassboro with the 10 percent cities with the highest crime stat in New Jersey. With that statement, about 32 crimes are committed per 1000 resident in Glassboro. This data covers Glassboro’s property and violent crimes. But before we continue, let us learn the difference between the two.

On a quick glance, our intuition will tell us property crimes probably consist of atrocities done to people’s property and so on. Well, that’s true, but there is more to it. Larceny, motor vehicle theft, shoplifting, burglary, vandalism, robbery et.c. Property crime are crimes to obtain money, property or some other benefits; according to Property crime from Wikipedia. This definition shows the broad range in which property crimes full under. Violent crimes, according to Wikipedia, on the other hand, aren’t as tricky as property crimes. Crimes that are done with the intention or threat of hurting a victim. Murder, rape, and assault are clear examples of violent crime. Knowing these distinctions between these types of crime, we can continue on our path to discovering which crimes heavily impact the town of Glassboro.

When it comes to violent crimes, the odds of being a victim of one in Glassboro is 1 in 472, which equates to 2 per 1000 residents in Glassboro. Statistically speaking that’s higher than the New Jersey’s average, which includes all its small cities. Despite the high numbers, Glassboro has 0 reports or incidents of murder. While New Jersey’s violent crime tally may indicate the odds of 1 in 408 residents is a victim of a violent crime. But the murder tally for New Jersey is far higher than that of Glassboro. Unofficial numbers show that about 334 homicide was recorded, according to Cohen and Iati from nj.com.  The national average on violent crime is 3970 offenses per 1000 people; that’s a rate of 3.97 in violent crimes. With about 4983 instances of murder in the United States.

On the other hand, the numbers spike up when it comes to property crimes. For Glassboro; as recorded in Neighborhood Scout, 1 in 33 people are victims of a property crime. This leads to about 30 crimes per 1000 inhabitants. Compared to New Jersey state average, which is 1 in 65. This indicates that Glassboro residents are 2 times more likely to be a victim of property crime than any other place in New Jersey.

On a national level, the numbers show that there are 24,510 cases for every 1000 people in the United States. That’s a property crime rate of 24.51. It is recorded that Glassboro accumulates most of its numbers from theft followed by burglary. Theft alone has a rate of 20.97 occurrences per 1000 residents in Glassboro, and 11.35 occurrences per 1000 residents in New Jersey. Nationwide the numbers are 17.45 occurrences per 1000 residence in the United States. All the same, theft has the highest recording in all levels; from Glassboro to the national level. With burglary trailing with about 8.12 occurrences per 1000 people in Glassboro. So saying that Burglary is the major factor that drives Glassboro’s crime rate can be booted out of the window because statistics prove that theft is the leading crime in Glassboro, and/ or nationally.

Other crimes such as motor vehicle theft in the town have low numbers up to 0.91 cases per 1000 residence. It may look relatively small compared to the other crimes in Glassboro, but after combining even the tiniest numbers, they amount to large figures altogether.

 

References

Neighborhood Scout, https://www.neighborhoodscout.com/nj/glassboro/crime. Retrieved 2 December 2018.

Cohen N., and Iati M. (2018). “Homicides dropped by 7 percent in 2017. Here’s how many each county had.” NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, https://www.nj.com/essex/index.ssf/2018/01/2017_homicides_shell_do_not_post.html. Retrieved 2 December 2018.

Property Crime. Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Property_crime. Retrieved 2 December 2018.

Violent Crime. Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Violent_crime. Retrieved 2 December 2018.

“FBI Releases 2017 Crime Statistics.” U.S Department of Justice.

https://ucr.fbi.gov/crime-in-the-u.s/2016/crime-in-the-u.s.-2016/topic-pages/tables/table-1. Retrieved 2 December 2018.

Visual Rhetoric rewrite -kinggkunta

0:00- 0:02

Within this span, The ad begins with an animated train coming out a tunnel. This suggests that it may be from a tv, then the camera zooms out to prove our suspicions.  We can tell this is a happy middle class by the natural colors the video is shot in. The deliberate placement of the young child in the middle of the room suggests that the boy is very young and playful. The messiness of the living room can also suggest the young boy was the culprit. Also, the setup of the room alongside the interaction between the dad and the boy suggests the laid-back attitude of the family. We see the father walk up to the boy and tickle him as he lays on the floor. The center table slightly shifted to the left in front of the couch. and the tv to the far right.

0:02- 0:05

We see the father tickling the child. The smile on the face of both the father and boy suggests the deep happiness dwelling within the family.

0:09- 0:10

In this frame, the boy looks up at the ceiling as if he was bored or thinking of something, at this point we can see the mischieve in the young child’s face. A face that most young children have when boredom sticks. We also see the bottom of what seems to be a door, and next to it is a skateboard lying adjacent to a cabinet set on the floor.

0:10- 0:12

We see utensils, and a half drank glass of water over the counter, and this suggests the family might be sloppy. Also, a kitchen knife is improperly stored on the counter table. The camera is specifically focused on the placement of the knife, glass of water, and bowl- Very careless of adults. This may be a form of a metaphor purposely displayed by the creator of the ad. That a utensil such a knife could easily be placed next to a glass of water, which is easy for a child to reach. also, we see the father walk pass it without taking a second look.

0:12- 0:15

Within this span, the camera goes from the dad to the boy, with the dad facing the kid like he was having a conversation with the boy. The dad also folds his sleeve up while standing in front of the sink. We can conclude the dad was about to do the dishes or wash his hand. We also see the boy standing in the center of the room, with all focus and attention drawn to the child.  The placement of the boy in this frame compels us to think of the position of the knife, and how easy it is for the child to reach it.

Definition Rewrite- KinggKunta

The safety of our society has and always will be one of the concerns of ours. Crime rates were introduced to help us keep track of the number of crimes committed in a neighborhood. But before we talk about crime rates, let’s establish the legal definition of a crime. According to For Law Dictionary by John Bouvier, crime is “a violation of a law in which there is an injury to the public or a member of the public, and there is a term in jail or prison, and/or a fine as possible penalties.”  In other words, all  John Bouvier is saying is that a crime is an action that breaks the rule of law, or the laws of a community.

Now back to crime rates and how they come up with the numbers. In the United States, the mathematical definition of crime rate, according to the “Computational Formulas” of California’s government, is the number of crimes reported to law enforcement agencies per 100,000 total population. This simple formula involves dividing the number of crimes reported by the entire population of the town and multiplying it by 100,000. This is a great general formula but it provides an inflated data when the crime rate for towns with a population less than 100,000 people. According to Crime Rate Law and Legal Definition, a post on USLegal website, we understand that “crime rates help law enforcement agencies access the effectiveness of a crime control policy…” That’s a nice way of saying crime rates also reflect on the impotence of law enforcement agencies in a community.

For instance, Glassboro, a small suburban town in south New Jersey, has a high crime rate in comparison to most other suburban towns in both New Jersey and the nation. Can this be the result of ineffective policing in Glassboro, or failing safety policies and procedures in Glassboro? The answer to that is neither, but one thing for sure is, the police officers in Glassboro are responding to lots of 911 calls. Crime rates as previously discussed can be calculated only if our officers are made aware of the “crime” that has been committed, and after assessing the situation, the incident is logged and decided [the incident is not decided] if further action needs to be taken. But what if our law enforcement officers aren’t made aware of certain crimes that occur in a neighborhood? In this case, there will be no record of those offenses, and they may never be reflected in the city’s crime report. Even better, certain crimes can be categorized in ways that can mislead viewers or inhabitants that their community is safer than some other town, which can create a false sense of safety relative to other towns.

Regardless of that, how does that define Glassboro’s rising crime rate? Well, understand that even though there is a legal definition of crime provided, there are slight variations in the definition as we go from town to town and even generation to generations. What might be a crime in Glassboro, may be overlooked in another city, or the criminal being let off with a warning or no legal implications. Also, cases that might be deemed as serious offenses may be viewed as misdemeanors or “light” crimes. Either way, it varies in communities. So comparing the crime rates of different communities can be misleading. The better way to determine if a city is getting safer or worse is to compare the stats from its previous years because every city has its own different culture, and make-up. Glassboro, for the most part, harbors Rowan University with about 15,401 students, with the remaining 4,610 as Glassboro residence. This leaves Glassboro with about 20,011 residents, with some Rowan students as residents. Rowan University is known for its wild weekend parties and “crazy” frat activities. According to student A from Rowan University, whose identity won’t be disclosed for privacy reasons, claims that he is “living” his best life. When asked about it, he said, “Bro there is always a party going on somewhere in Rowan.” Curious enough the question about cops shutting down parties and arresting students rose, and he responded, “Yeah, all the time. I got a citation for pissing outside the other time. To be honest, I was glad they did not get me for being drunk, and the weed that was in my pocket.” That statement intrigued me and got me to thinking, what if Rowan is part of the reason Glassboro has high crime rates.

According to Neighborhood Scout, areas harboring and neighboring Rowan University have the highest crime potential. It’s also marked as the most “dangerous” part of Glassboro. This may be due to the activities that go on at Rowan University. Just like every college, Rowan attracts outsiders into its environment and the presence of outsiders should be should be taken into account when calculating the crime rate of Glassboro. Well, for starters, we don’t know if these crimes were committed by Glassboro residents or “troublemakers” stopping by Glassboro, more specifically Rowan University for a party. If our law enforcement agencies separate crimes committed by Glassboro residents from non-residents, there will be a decrease in the numbers that are reported yearly by our police officers. From Rowan’s 2018 Annual Security and Fire Safety data, There were 1,053 instances of a crime at Rowan’s main campus alone in the year 2017. This stat is included in Glassboro’s crime report regardless of what the crime was.

 

References

“Crime Rate and Legal Definition.” U.S Legal, Retrieved 4 December 2018, https://definitions.uslegal.com/c/crime-rate/.

[Computational Formula]. State of California Department of Justice, https://oag.ca.gov/sites/all/files/agweb/pdfs/cjsc/prof10/formulas.pdf . Accessed 17 October 2018.

crime. (n.d.) A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier.. (1856). Retrieved 4 December 2018, from https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/crime
Neighborhood Scout, Accessed 17 October 2018,   https://www.neighborhoodscout.com/nj/glassboro/crime .

2018 Annual Security and Fire Safety Report, Rowan Campus Securtity. Retrieved 5 December 2018, https://sites.rowan.edu/publicsafety/_docs/annual_security_report.pdf