3. Source:Bellinger, Whitney. Why African- American Women Try To Obtain ‘Good Hair’. University of Pittsburg: Sociological Viewpoints. Web. Fall, 2007.
Background: An study examined the definition of “good hair” according to African American women in order to understand the reasons young African American women choose to change their hair from its supposed “natural” state.
How I used it: Younger African American women say they no longer follow historical norms of wanting to appear White in appearance, but claim that they change their hair’s chemical make-up for time, ease of styling, and the creation and perpetuation of healthy hair. Other choose to not change their hair based on racial pride taught.
4. Source: Byrd, Ayana., & Tharps, Lori. Hair story: Untangling the roots of Black hair in America. New York: St. Martin’s Press. 2001. Google Books. Web. November 2018.
Background: This is a book on Black hair and culture. The author writes about the beauty and biological advantage of kinky hair. The author ties together the idea of inky hair being a political and/or personal statement.
How I used it: Describe why relaxed hair is preferred by White and black people. A description of Black hair and why it is disliked.
5. Source: Chaplin, G., and Jablonski, N. G. “The Evolution of Skin Pigmentation and Hair Texture in People of African Ancestry.” Dermatol Clinics. Web. 2014. 32: 113–121.
Background: A reference for information on the historical, political, economic, and cultural relations between people of African descent and the rest of the world community.
How I used it: Background of Black culture in the last 60 years and what defines beauty. The belief of whether to alter their hair or to leave it in its natural state.
6. Source: Davies, Carole Boyce. Encyclopedia of the African Diaspora: Origins, Experiences, and Culture. Santa Barbara. 2008. ABC- CLIO.
Background: This is a book on the African diaspora and the lasting changes on the descendants. The book evaluates the political, economic, and changes involving Black people in America.
How I used it: I explained the time period in which Black men and women started to appreciate their natural hair and embodied Black pride. I explained the afro and how it is correlated with black militancy and antiwhite beliefs. How the afro changes daily life and workplace capability.
7. Source: Donaldson, Chanel. “Hair Alteration Practices Amongst Black Women and the Assumption of Self Hatred.” NYU Steinhardt, Department of Applied Psychology. New York: New York University. Web. 2018.
Background: Academic research and popular culture often assume that Black women who alter their natural hair to make it straight are practicing a form of self-hatred. This article describes why it is believed that Black women hate their hair and their ethnic features. It explains what it means to look White.
How I used it: I wrote about what is considered attractive or appealing to White and Black women. I used it to describe how Black women want to look when it comes to their hair and their features.
8. Source: Jablonski, Nina G. Skin: A Natural History, 1st ed. University of California Press, 2006. JSTOR. Retrieved 2018.
Background: This books is written about the biology of hair and skin. It explains the use of hair and how it helps us naturally.
How I used it: I explained how hair was biologically advantageous. I used the information to talk about how kinky hair is biologically made for hotter climates.
9. Source: Jackson, Alicia C. “Attempting whiteness : Black women’s expected and actual results of skin bleaching” (2013). Theses, Dissertations, and Projects. 1003.
10. Source: Martin, Areva. “The Hatred of Black Hair Goes Beyond Ignorance.” Time. August 23, 2017.
11. Source: Schottham, Krista M., Sellers, Robert M., Nyugen, Hoa X. “A measure of racial identity in African American adolescents: the development of the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity–Teen” Cultural diversity & ethnic minority psychology, vol. 14(4) (2008): 297-306.
12. Source: Okura, Lynn. “Inside the Controversial Skin bleaching Phenomenon.” Huffpost. OWN. December 2015.
13. Source: Vissa Studios. “Back to the Basics – What Black Women Used During Slavery”. VS+. 2017
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