“But she’s got a warrior’s skills: hyperawareness, hypervigilance, adrenalinesharp quick-scanning for danger, for triggers.”
- This is a categorical claim because she named the “skills” as examples, when they are actually symptoms of PTSD. Which could also make this a categorical claim.
“He’s on of 103,200, or 228,875, or 336,00 Americans who served in Iraq or Afghanistan and came back with PTSD, depending on whom you ask, and one of 115,00 to 456,00 with traumatic brain injury.”
- This a factual claim. The author provides the number of Americans who served that came back with PTSD. This can also be an Evaluative claim because even though she states how many Americans served she goes on and says, “Depending on whom you ask.” That means that some would agree, and some wouldn’t.
“Imagine there’s a murderer in your house. And it is dark outside, and the electricity is out. Imagine your nervous system spiking, readying you as you feel your muscles, the alertness shooting around inside your skull. And then imagine feeling like that all time.”
- This is a Causal claim. It tells the effect of if there was a murder in your house and how your body would be feeling at the moment. It would also be a categorical claim, the author says, “Imagine feeling like that all time.” Which gives off the way people with PTSD feel like at times.
“Hypervigilance sounds innocuous, but it is in fact exhaustingly distressing, a conditioned response to life-threatening situations.”
- This is a causal claim. It shows the cause and effect, the life-threating situations would be the cause and the hypervigilance which is exhaustingly distressing.