Bibliography- Peter Bomersbach

 

Goldbeck, L., & Pew, A. (2018, March 27). Violent Video Games and Aggression. Retrieved October 17, 2018, from http://www.center4research.org/violent-video-games-can-increase-aggression/

Background: This article gives some information about violent video games and why people think they should be banned. People looked right at violent video games after mass shootings thing that it was the cause. Studies they provided show that they can increase aggressive thoughts, behaviors and feelings.

How I used it: I used this article to show that studies prove violent video games increase aggression towards others, increase in aggressive thoughts and feelings. The longer children play violent video games for, the higher the chance they will have a negative change in behavior.

Snider, M. (2018, October 1). Study confirms link between violent video games and physical aggression. Retrieved October 17, 2018, from https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.usatoday.com/amp/1486188002

Background: This article talks about more studies done to try and prove that violent video games lead to increase in aggression, behavior etc.. This article also talks about how it was brought up by president trump on how it was a known issue probably from mass shootings.

How I used it: I used it to prove my point further on how kids should not play violent video games. I used president Trump’s claim and the studies scientists have done to try and prove violent video games are bad for kids.

HowStuffWorks. (2007). Choice Reviews Online, 45(03). doi:10.5860/choice.45-1203

Background: This article explains what video game ratings are and what they mean. It ranges from rated E which means for everyone to AO which means adults only. The ESRB are the ones who give each gam its rating based on the content within the game.

How I used it: I used it to talk about the meaning of a violent game with ratings of M and AE and why they chose the rating. Rated M games have blood and gore, violence, strong language, sexual content etc..

Morris, C. (2011, June 27). Violent Videogames Can Be Sold to Minors: Supreme Court. Retrieved October 23, 2018

Background: This article explains how in California, they try to restrict selling of violent video games to children but it was turned down. The U.S. Supreme court said it was a violation of free speech.

How I used it: I used it to show one quote that was stated which was “A new survey from the Federal Trade Commission found that more retailers and movie theaters are enforcing age-based content ratings by turning kids away.” I used this quote to show what other states need to start doing and becoming more aware of the situation.

Ferguson, Christipher. “Violent Video Games May Increase Aggression in Some But Not Others, Says New Research.” American Psychological Association, American Psychological Association, 7 June 2010.

Background: This article talks about the frequency of children becoming more hostile from violent video games. There were cases performed where no results were found and then there were cases where results are noticeable but only in a handful of children.

How I used it: I used it to prove some of my points but to also portray how rare it can happen within individuals. I used the quote from Christopher Ferguson which states “Violent video games are like peanut butter,” said Ferguson. “They are harmless for the vast majority of kids but are harmful to a small minority with pre-existing personality or mental health problems.” This is a nice example to see how rare it could be which goes against my point in the rebuttal.

Background: This article explains within their case studies, they found no correlation between violent video games and a change in behavior after. They performed multiple cases with 3,00 plus patients to test the theory.
How I used it: I used it because it was a good article that went against my point of view. I explained what they thought and what their results came out as. I sated that there were holes in their studies about the patients personalities before hand and their past.

 

Olsen, Cheryl K. Children’s Motivations for Video Game Play in the Context of Normal Development. Massachusetts General Hospital, 16 Jan. 2010.

Background: This is a report that talks abut Children’s motivations on video game play. I mainly focused on the first page and  that tacked about the motivations of young children and their tendencies and even parents choosing appropriate games.

How I used it: I used it to discuss my point of how children and parents really should start watching what they play because it will result in a change in behaviors for the worse. Researchers started looking into what children can game from these electronic games.

Annotated Bibliography- muggastackz

1.

Brown, Brittni. “Is the Media Altering Our Perceptions of Crime?” International Policy Digest, International Policy Digest, 6 Nov. 2018, intpolicydigest.org/2015/03/11/is-the-media-altering-our-perceptions-of-crime/.

Background: This article explains how the media is fixing the correct outlook on crime that is happening in the United States. It brings ideas together from previous decades to today’s world.

How I Used It: I used this article to talk about social media and crime playing hand and hand. I used this is the article to talk about how social media is creating more crime in regards to events happening in the news each day.

2. Casey, Michael. “Do Violent Video Games Lead to Criminal Behavior?” CBS News, CBS Interactive, 17 Aug. 2015, www.cbsnews.com/news/do-violent-video-games-lead-to-criminal-behavior/.

Background: This article reflects on video games leading to criminal behavior. It also reflects on school shootings and how violent video games are causing these shootings to happen. Certain games cause aggression or depression in the youth of today.

How I Used It: I used the article when talking about technology and crime. I explained how technology is causing youth to go out and commit a crime like a robbery or a gang-related activity.

3. Davey, Monica, and Mitch Smith. “Murder Rates Rising Sharply in Many U.S. Cities.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 1 Sept. 2015, www.nytimes.com/2015/09/01/us/murder-rates-rising-sharply-in-many-us-cities.html

Background: This article explains how murder rates are rising in cities. In many cities, homicide rates are increasing while the regular crimes like burglary are slowly decreasing. The article provides credible people like a chief of polices, a criminologist and a mayor to give information on why these rates are increasing.

How I Used It: I used this article in context for how crime is increasing in certain areas and regions in the country. The facts that are given help justify that not every area of the country has the same crime rates.

4.  Donziger, Steven. “Measures of Crime” Www.andrew.cmu.eduwww.andrew.cmu.edu/course/79-331/measures.html.

Background: This article was suggested by the professor. This article shows two different measures of crime and what it means to measure crime.

How I Used It: I used this article in my section about victims attempting to report crime and statistics that reflect on crime victimization.

5.Gramlich, John. “5 Facts about Crime in the U.S.” Pew Research Center, Pew Research Center, 30 Jan. 2018, www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/01/30/5-facts-about-crime-in-the-u-s/.

Background: This article gives five facts about a crime that is in the United States. Each numbered point has a different truth about violent and property crime along with reporting and not reporting a crime.

How I Used It:  I used this in two ways. I used this article when talking about citizens reporting crimes to help reduce crime in the community.  I also used this article to give statistics regarding property and violent crime.

6.Gorman, Joe. “Local Crime Rates Close to National Trends.” Vindy.com, 28 Sept. 2018, www.vindy.com/news/2018/sep/28/fbi-statistics-crime-report-local-nation/.

Background: This article gives statistical data regarding local cities that mirror national crime rates. The article talks about two local towns whose homicide rates increased as well as decreased.  Chief of Police from the local cities made remarks on why these crimes are frequently happening and how things could lower the crime rates.

How I Used It: I used this article to give an insight into a small town crime

7.Jacobs, Tom. “How to Bring Down Crime Rates.” Pacific Standard, Pacific Standard, 29 Sept. 2015, psmag.com/news/how-to-bring-down-crime-rates.

Background: This article reflects on theories that could help reduce crime. They try to find punishments that could help influence society along with economists in those urban areas.

How I Used It: I used this article to talk about how crime levels are higher in areas that have high poverty rates. I found this article to think of theories to reduce crime in neighborhoods that need it the most.

8. Jencks, Christopher. “Is Violent Crime Increasing?” The American Prospectprospect.org/article/violent-crime-increasing.

Background: The article talks about how crimes are increasing by racial and social groups. The article gives data regarding on the ages of different groups and how they affect crime rates in America. Political people give their thoughts on how the criminal justice system works.

How I Used It: I used this in the article in two ways. I used this article to talk about race and social background in regards to how crime is increasing and decreasing. I also used this to talk about the increase in crime.

9.Lind, Dara, and German Lopez. “16 Theories for Why Crime Plummeted in the US.” Vox.com, Vox Media, 20 May 2015, www.vox.com/2015/2/13/8032231/crime-drop.

Background: This article gives 16 theories on why crime is decreasing in the U.S. This article provides a for and an against an argument for each of the 16 theories.

How I Used It: I used this to talk about how crime will decrease by putting people in jail, along with trying to put more police officers in the field. I looked at each theory to value where I wanted to use each theory.

10.“ Number of Murders: U.S. Homicide Rate.” Statistawww.statista.com/statistics/195331/number-of-murders-in-the-us-by-state/.

Background: This article talks about the murder rate in the United States in 2017 by the state. This also gives an insight on what the crime was in each state and how it differs from other states.

How I Used It: I used this article to show that there are different crime rates for different regions. In the article, I found that Louisana had a high murder rate compared to New Hampshire.

11. Thompson, Sam. “Brandon Police Encourage Residents to ‘Lock It up’ as Property Crime Climbs.” Global News, Global News, 19 Nov. 2018, globalnews.ca/news/4676675/brandon-police-encourage-residents-to-lock-it-up-as-property-crime-climbs/.

Background: The background of this article talks about property crimes in small neighborhoods. This article also states how property crimes is a crime that is being done only at certain times of the day.

How I Used It: I used this article to give justification from police officers to show that property crime happens very much often in small suburban areas than in urban cities.

12. US Legal, Inc. “Crime Rate Law and Legal Definition.” Fraud Law and Legal Definition | USLegal, Inc.definitions.uslegal.com/c/crime-rate/.

Background: The primary purpose of this article is to give a proper definition of the crime rate and how crime rates are calculated. These calculations help with giving examples for FBI to use in their research

How I Used It: I used this article to provide what crime rates are. I used the statistics when talking about property crime in America.

 

Annotated Bibliography – CarsonWentz11

1) Board, Editorial. “Chicago’s Great Shame, Chicago’s Crisis: Blood on the Streets.” Chicago Tribune, Chicago Tribune, 7 Aug. 2018, http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/opinion/editorials/ct-edit-violence-chicago-gangs-police-20180806-story.html.

Content: The article by the Chicago Tribune describes the gang violence and the high number of shootings there are in the summer of 2018.  It mentions multiple shootings that have occurred and calling the streets a “war zone.”  There are quotes from the Chicago Police chief of patrol and Superintendent of why this violence goes on and ways to slow it down.

How it was used:  This source was used to to describe the gang violence in Chicago and the quote describing the gang violence from Chicago Police chief of patrol was also used.

2) “Crime Statistics.” Chicago Police Department, home.chicagopolice.org/online-services/crime-statistics/.

Content: This source displays all the crime statistics for the City of Chicago.  When on “city wide statistics”, it shows the recent crime statistics, but also shows the history of past years crime stats for all types of violent crime, all the way back to 2014.

How it was used: This source was used to show the number of murders in Chicago in 2017.

3) Downen, Robert. “Houston Murders Drop 11 Percent in 2017.” HoustonChronicle.com, Houston Chronicle, 8 Jan. 2018, http://www.houstonchronicle.com/news/houston-texas/houston/article/Houston-murders-drop-11-percent-in-2017-12477945.php.

Content: In this article, it describes how the number of murders in Houston have dropped in 2017, but only by 11 percent.  They interview the Houston Police Chief on how the Police attempt to lower the number of homicides.  The article also states that there are still the same problems with violence in the city, and that the violent crime rate has increased.

How it was used: This article was used for the number of homicides that occurred in Houston in 2017.

4) Fieldstadt, Elisha. “Gun Ownership by State.” CBS News, CBS Interactive, 16 Feb. 2018, http://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/gun-ownership-rates-by-state/.

Content: This source lists in order the gun ownership rates for all 50 states in 2015.
How it was used: This source was used to determine the gun ownership rates for Texas and Illinois when comparing gun ownership rates to homicide rates.

5) “Firearm Violence, 1993-2011.” Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?iid=4616&ty=pbdetail.

Content: The study from the Bureau of Justice Statistics reveals firearm violence statistics gathered from 1993-2011.  It displays nonfatal firearm victimizations, criminal firearm violence, percent of violence involving a firearm, by type of crime and by type of firearm.  It also describes the fatal and nonfatal firearm violence by gender, race, region population, and location.

How it was used: This source was used to show the statistics on fatal firearm violence between genders, and race.

6) “Giffords Law Center’s Annual Gun Law Scorecard.” Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, lawcenter.giffords.org/scorecard/#rankings.

Content: The source has its own grading system on each state’s gun laws.  An A-F grading scale is applied to every state based on how tough their gun laws are, which include, background checks, child access prevention, concealed carry permitting, domestic violence, extreme risk prevention order, and military-style weapon.

How it was used: This source is used for their grading of Illinois’ and Texas’ gun laws, in which it graded them, a B+ for Illinois, and a F for Texas.

7) Gius, Mark. “The Effect of Gun Ownership Rates on Homicide Rates: A State-Level Analysis.” Applied Economics Letters, vol. 16, no. 17, 2009, pp. 1687-1690.

Content: This study analyzes state-wide gun ownership data from 2001, 2002, and 2004, and compared it to the homicide rates.  The author concluded that there is a positive correlation of gun ownership rates and homicide rates.

How I used it:  I used this source for my rebuttal argument. The data for gun ownership rates and homicide rates for Texas and Illinois does not agree with Gius’ conclusion that a higher gun ownership rate means a increased homicide rate.

8) “Hidden America: Don’t Shoot I Want to Grow Up.” ABC News, ABC News Network, abcnews.go.com/Nightline/fullpage/chicago-gang-violence-numbers-17509042.

Content: This article from ABC News describe numerous statistics about gang violence in Chicago.  It mentions the rise in homicides, the number of gang members, and increased gang activity.

How it was used: This source was used for their estimated number of gang members in Chicago.

9) “Illinois.” Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, lawcenter.giffords.org/gun-laws/state-law/illinois/.

Content: This source, Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, supplies all the information about Illinois gun laws.

How it was used:  This source was used to gather information about many of the laws that differ from Texas’ gun laws.

10) “Inequality and Violent Crime.”, vol. 45, no. 1, 2002, pp. 1-39. https://www-jstor-org.ezproxy.rowan.edu/stable/pdf/10.1086/338347.pdf?refreqid=excelsior%3A07102c8d9e558472fefa254f72cccc04

Content: This study investigates the link between income inequality and crime by researching many countries for five years, and examine the number of robberies and homicides.  The study discovered that there was a positive correlation between crime rates and income inequality.

How it was used: This study was used to show the important of comparing to cities that have equal income inequalities, because income inequality does have a correlation to crime rates.

11) Madhani, Aamer. “Baltimore Is the Nation’s Most Dangerous Big City.” USA Today, Gannett Satellite Information Network, 1 Oct. 2018, http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2018/02/19/homicides-toll-big-u-s-cities-2017/302763002/.

Content: This source describes the homicide numbers and rates for 2017 and, also, their change from 2016 for all the US 50 largest cities.

How it was used: This source was used for the number of homicides and the homicide rate for Houston and Chicago in 2017.

12) Males, Mike. “Age, Poverty, Homicide, and Gun Homicide.”SAGE Open, vol. 5, no. 1, 2015. https://doaj.org/article/0bac3455534640e389dea20ec8acfbf1

Content: This study examines all the homicide deaths aged 15 to 69 in California from 1991 to 2012 by poverty status.  The results show that higher levels of poverty are more concentrated at younger ages.  Along with that, the homicide death rate was highest for younger ages and for higher poverty percentage.

How it was used:  This study was used mainly for the correlation that a higher homicide death rate was correlated to people who were in a higher poverty bracket.  This was used for another example why comparing cities with similar economic characteristics were used.

13) Mayberry, Ed. “UPDATE: Harris County Has State’s Largest Concentration of Gang Members in Texas, Says DPS.” Houston Public Media, Houston Public Media, 26 July 2017, http://www.houstonpublicmedia.org/articles/news/2017/07/26/227326/texas-gang-report-threat-assessment/.

Content: This article describes the high gang violence that is occurring in Harris County, Texas.  It mentions biggest gangs in the area and interviews a person from the Department of Public Safety, about the gangs and what is being done about the gangs.

How it was used:  This article was used for the names of the largest gangs in the Houston area and information on the gang violence in Texas.

14) “Murder.” FBI, FBI, 10 Sept. 2018, ucr.fbi.gov/crime-in-the-u.s/2017/crime-in-the-u.s.-2017/topic-pages/murder.

Content: This source is all statistics from the FBI on murders in 2017.  The information includes age groups, gender, race, and ethnicity.

How it was used:  This source was used for the information regarding the which percent of murders was committed by each gender, race, and ethnicity.

15) “National Center for Health Statistics.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 11 Jan. 2018, http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/sosmap/homicide_mortality/homicide.htm.

Content: This source displays the number of homicide deaths and the homicide death rates for all 50 states.

How it was used:  This source was used to find the homicide death rates for both Texas and Illinois in 2015.

16) “National Youth Gang Survey Analysis.” Measuring the Extent of Gang Problemshttp://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/survey-analysis/measuring-the-extent-of-gang-problems.

Content: This source present information about gangs from 1996-2012.  Information such as, estimated number of gangs, distribution of gangs by area type, estimated number of gang members, and number of gang related homicides.

How it was used: This source was used to describe the high number of gang homicides that occurred in cities.

17) “Texas.” Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, lawcenter.giffords.org/gun-laws/state-law/texas/.

Content:  This source has information on all the gun laws for Texas.

How it was used:  This source was used to describe the gun laws Texas has and gun laws that Texas doesn’t share with Illinois.

18) “U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Chicago City, Illinois; Houston City, Texas; UNITED STATES.” Census Bureau QuickFacts, United States Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/chicagocityillinois,houstoncitytexas,US/PST045217.

Content: This source has all the census information gathered for Chicago and Houston.  This information consists of population, age and sex, race, ethnicity, housing, education, health, economy, income and poverty, business, and geography.

How it was used: Many of the census categories, such as, population, sex, race, ethnicity, economy, and income and poverty, were used and the statistics for each category was needed for both Houston and Chicago.

19) “U.S. – Number of Registered Weapons by State 2018 | Statistic.” Statista, www.statista.com/statistics/215655/number-of-registered-weapons-in-the-us-by-state/.

Content: The source simply lists the number of registered weapons for all 50 states in
2018.
How it was used:  This source was used for the registered weapons in Texas and Illinois for the argument of higher gun ownership rates does not mean higher homicide rate in these two states.

20) Wood, Keith. “Best States for Gun Owners (2017).” Guns & Ammo, 3 Nov. 2017, www.gunsandammo.com/editorial/best-states-for-gun-owners-2017/247983.

Content: This source has analyzed all the gun laws in all 50 states and the District of Colombia and has listed in order the best states for gun owners to live in based on the gun laws.

How it was used:  The source was used when comparing Texas and Illinois and their gun laws, showing that Illinois has more strict gun laws than Texas.

Annotated Bibliography – eaglessb52

1.

Bove, R. X. (2018, October 29). Dick Bove: The Federal Reserve could be dragging us into a recession. Retrieved November 28, 2018, from https://www.cnbc.com/2018/10/29/dick-bove-the-federal-reserve-could-be-dragging-us-into-a-recession.html

Background: This article explains how the Federal reserve has been shrinking it’s balance sheet recently. It weighs in on the cost to our economy something like this could bring.

How I used it: I used this article in combination with article #2 to go into detail how the quick actions of the Federal Reserve could result in massive economic downsides depending on how things play out in the immediate future.

2.

Costa, P. N. (2017, May 25). There’s one big problem with the Fed’s plan to unwind its gigantic balance sheet. Retrieved November 28, 2018,, from https://www.businessinsider.com/fed-balance-sheet-unwind-problem-2017-5

Background: This article adds a bit more detail in to the Federal Reserve’s plan to lessen its balance sheet. It adds a few more numbers to the points made in #1.

How I used it: I used this article for its more in depth analysis of the numbers of the situation. It helped my readers visualize the situation a bit more.

3.

Equity, L. I. (2018, September 12). The Market Catalyst Nobody Is Talking About. Retrieved November 28, 2018, from https://seekingalpha.com/article/4205749-market-catalyst-nobody-talking

 

Background: This article talks about some of the global effects of policy changes in American economic changes.

How I used it: I used it to broaden the scale of how America’s economic system effects the rest of the world.

4.

Financial Conditions: Pinning Down Market Catalysts For The Rest Of 2018. (2018, August 29). Retrieved November 28, 2018, from https://www.valuewalk.com/2018/08/financial-conditions-market-catalysts-2018/

Background: This article talks about some of the market catalysts we can expect to see for the later part of 2018. It also talks about the financial situations that we can expect to see in the later part of 2018 as well.

How I used it: I used it to back some of my claims in my essay. I also used it to lay down some real world evidence for my essay.

5.

Higgins, T., Vardy, N., Skousen, M., & Versace, C. (2018, September 05). 5 Market Catalysts to Determine the Rest of 2018, Retrieved November 28, 2018, from https://www.stockinvestor.com/36817/5-market-catalysts/

Background: This article provides evidence about how markets are affected by market catalysts. It also talks about how investors can adjust to changes in the markets as well.

How I used it: I used this article to provide evidence how the stock market is affected by market catalysts. It also provides a different perspective on market catalysts that I haven’t used before in my essay.

6.

How the Fed’s Unwinding Will Work. (2017, September 19). Retrieved November 28, 2018, from https://www.foxbusiness.com/features/how-the-feds-unwinding-will-work

Background: This provides some counter arguments as to how changes in the American economic system could end up being beneficial as a whole.

How I used it: I used this to provide some evidence that I attacked in some of my counter arguments.

7.

Lorenz, A. (2017, May 17). Immigration boosts Germany’s economy. Retrieved November 28, 2018, from https://www.euractiv.com/section/economy-jobs/news/immigration-boosts-germanys-economy/

Background: This article provides information about immigration in Germany for the past couple years. It provides statistics and information to show the impact immigration had on Germany

How I used it: I used this article to set up a basis for how swift immigration action could prove beneficial for countries. I used it to set up a basis so people could better understand the downsides of immigration like this.

8.

Ting, J. C. (2011, October 11). Fewer Babies, for Better or Worse. Retrieved November 28, 2018, from https://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2011/10/16/fewer-babies-for-better-or-worse/downsides-of-high-immigration

Background: This article mentions points that aren’t brought up when talking about immigration. It also brings up the question of cost to the country when it comes to immigration.

How I used it: I used this article in conjunction with source #7 in order to provide statistics on why rapid immigration might not always prove beneficial in the long run.

9.

Williams, F. (2018, June 26). The Effects of Government Policies on Businesses. Retrieved November 28, 2018, from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/effects-government-policies-businesses-65214.html

Background: This article goes in depth about how small businesses are affected by government policy. It talks about some things the government does to help and sometimes hurt businesses.

How I used it: I used this to talk about how the government effects businesses when they put policies in place. It also helps me lead into some of my later paragraphs.

10.

Bort, R. (2018, June 25). The 4 Biggest Consequences of Trump’s Disastrous Tariff Plan. Retrieved November 28, 2018,from https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/the-4-biggest-consequences-of-trumps-disastrous-tariff-plan-628305/

Background: The article goes in depth about the cause and effects of Trump’s tariff plans on steel in order to bring back the need for domestic steel.

How I used it: I used it in my essay in order to provide some evidence about how foreign countries are affected by things in America in order to broaden and expand on my claims in my essay.

11.

Lee, S. (2018, May 31). Trump’s Steel Tariffs Could Hurt U.S. Coal Companies. Retrieved November 28, 2018,from https://www.bna.com/trumps-steel-tariffs-n57982093100/

Background: This article goes in depth on how the tariffs Trump put on foreign steel could hurt our coal companies. It talks about how things trickle down into other fields of industry.

How I used it: I used it in my essay how government policy changes in the steel industry effect other industries in the United States. It also is good to provide evidence to my claims about how everything is affected when the government puts policies in place.

12.

Tao, N. (2018, October 25). Trade war offers China a ‘strategic opportunity’ to seize global leadership. Retrieved November 28, 2018,from https://www.scmp.com/comment/insight-opinion/united-states/article/2169955/how-china-can-turn-trade-war-strategic

Background: This article goes in depth of how China is dealing with the trade war with America. It talks about how foreign countries respond to things like tariffs. It also provides hypotheticals as to what may happen in our future.

How I used it: I used it to provide current events to back my claims in my essay.

13.

Can Government Policies Make Us Happier? (n.d.). Retrieved from https://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/can_government_policies_make_us_happier

Background: This article is an interviewer with a researcher that dives into the concept of how government policy should prioritize peoples’ happiness first. It provides evidence that backs up the claim that policies that make people happy are universally better as a whole.

How I may use it: I can use this article to provide some insight on other types of government policies. I can also use it to provide evidence for them as well.

14.

Government policy. (2016, September 19). Retrieved from https://www.nidirect.gov.uk/articles/government-policy

Background: This article provides information on exactly what is government policy. It provides a very specific definition on what it is and how it’s used

How I may use it: I can use this to define government policy. It could help me provide a basis to start up my essay

15.

Investopedia. (2018, August 03). What impact does economics have on government policy? Retrieved from https://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/031615/what-impact-does-economics-have-government-policy.asp

Background: This article provides information on how the economy effects the government. It helps provide examples how the economy is impactful.

How I may use it: I can provide exact examples how the government’s decision making is effected by the economy instead of how the government effects the economy.

Annotated Bibliography- KinGGkunta

1.”Crime Rate and Legal Definition.” U.S Legal, Retrieved 4 December 2018, https://definitions.uslegal.com/c/crime-rate/.

Background: It Provides a legal definition of “crime rate”.

How I used it: I used it to establish the meaning of “crime rate” in my paper. So my readers will be on the same page as me when I refer to crime rate.

2. Cohen N., and Iati M. (2018). “Homicides dropped by 7 percent in 2017. Here’s how many each county had.” NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, https://www.nj.com/essex/index.ssf/2018/01/2017_homicides_shell_do_not_post.html. Retrieved 2 December 2018.

Background: The violent crime statistics in New Jersey is on a decline, with several county deaths on an all-time low.

How I used it: I added all the number of murders recorded from each county and presented it to

3.”Computational Formula”. State of California Department of Justice, Retrieved 17 October 2018. https://oag.ca.gov/sites/all/files/agweb/pdfs/cjsc/prof10/formulas.pdf.

Background: It provides the formula for calculating the crime rate in the United States.

How I used it: I used this to provide my readers with a method of calculating the crime rate of a town.

4.crime. (n.d.) A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier.. (1856). Retrieved 4 December 2018, from https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/crime

Background: This provides us with the legal definition of a crime.

How I used it: I used the definition provided to establish a base understanding of crime in my paper.

5.” FBI Releases 2017 Crime Statistics.” U.S Department of Justice. Retrieved 2 December 2018. https://ucr.fbi.gov/crime-in-the-u.s/2016/crime-in-the-u.s.-2016/topic-pages/tables/table-1

Background: This gives us  the nation’s crime stats and its standings from 2017

How I used it: I used the stats provided in comparison to the stats those of Glassboro’ and New Jersey.

 

6.” Glassboro, NJ Crime Rates.” Neighborhood Scout, Retrieved 5 December 2018. https://www.neighborhoodscout.com/nj/glassboro/crime.

Background: It provided information on Glassboro’s demographics, crime rates, and crime index.

How I used it: I used the information to carefully describe Glassboro, and establish its crime index for my users so they are aware where Glassboro lies in rankings.

 

7. “Old Bridge, NJ Crime Rates.” Neighborhood Scout, Retrieved 5 December 2018. https://www.neighborhoodscout.com/nj/old-bridge/crime

Background: It provided information on Old Bridge’s demographics, crime rates, and crime index.

How I used it: I used the information to carefully describe Old Bridge, and establish its crime index for my users so they are aware where Glassboro lies in rankings.

8.”Property Crime.” Wikipedia. Retrieved 2 December 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Property_crime.

Background: It provides a definition of property crime.

How I used it: I used it to establish the difference in the type of crimes there is, and define what property crimes are.

9. “Violent Crime.”  Wikipedia. Retrieved 2 December 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Violent_crime.

Background: It provides a definition of violent crime.
How I used it: I used it to establish the definition of a violent crime in my paper.

10. “What is the Crime Index?”. Neighborhood Scout, Retrieved 17 October 2018. https://help.neighborhoodscout.com/support/solutions/articles/25000001997-what-is-the-crime-index-.

Background: It defines and shows the use of crime indexes.

How I used it: I used it to establish a base definition for what crime index means in my paper.

11. “2018 Annual Security and Fire Safety Report, Rowan Campus Security.” Retrieved 5 December 2018, https://sites.rowan.edu/publicsafety/_docs/annual_security_report.pdf

Background: It provides detailed statistics of incidents at Rowan University 3 years back.

How I used it: I used this to present the recorded number of crimes Rowan has from the year 2017, that is currently in Glassboro’s crime log.

Annotated Bibliography-Baahubali

A&E Television Networks, “Michael Jackson is born” (March 4, 2010) https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/michael-jackson-is-born

Background: in this article of history channel, it provides the information about the early life of Michael Jackson. And also a brief journey of how he became a star and a pop legend.

How I used it: for the beginning and the introduction part of my research paper, I used this article to brief my readers about Michael Jackson and who he was.

“Michael Jackson Biography.” Bio (18 Nov. 2014)

http://www.biography.com/people/michael-jackson-38211#synopsis

Background: this article provides us the necessary information about all the main events and life changes in the journey of Michael Jackson to become a legend.

 

How I used it: in this article I got information about his hardships he faced, who he was in his childhood, his allegations, his successful albums, his personal life, cause of his death, and many more….. Due to which I could give my readers a brief background information about the star and update them about who he was those who don’t know him.

Pflum, Mary, and Sarah Netter. “Growing up as Michael Jackson: Coming out of Hardship Came Success.” ABC News. (26 June 2009. Web. 18 Nov. 2014.)

http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/MichaelJackson/story?id=7936932

Background: this article gives us the information about the hardships which MJ faced on his way to success.

How I used it: I used this article to give my readers a broad background that how Michael Jackson worked in his father’s band along with his 5 brothers. And the band was known ‘Jackson Five.’ And then after years of hard work reached solo perform artist from the Jackson Five Band.

 

Quote; “A star can never die. It just turns into a smile and melts back into the cosmic music, the dance of life.”

http://www.top10-best.com/m/top_10_best_michael_jackson_quotes.html

AND ALSO:

Quote; “If you enter this world knowing you are loved and you leave this world knowing the same, then everything that happens in between can be dealt with.”

http://www.top10-best.com/m/top_10_best_michael_jackson_quotes.html

Background: this article is about the famous quotes and phrases said by Michael Jackson.

 

How I used it: I used the quoted in my definition and causal arguments as a part of my introduction. And the beginning of the argument. And trying to narrate it to my topic or hypothesis.

 

Robinson, peter; “Blessed with an almost superhuman aura, Michael Jackson was his own unique creation,” (Fri 26 Jun 2009, 18.00 EDT)

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2009/jun/26/pop-star-michael-jackson

AND ALSO:

 

Segal, Lewis; “why Michael Jackson danced like no one else,” (JUNE 26, 2009, 10:56 AM)

http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/culturemonster/2009/06/michael-jackson-a-dancer-like-no-other.html

 

Background: this article focuses on the superhuman dancing talent of Michael Jackson.

 

How I used it: with the use of this article I highlighted the new and raw dancing style and talent of Michael Jackson. And even the new revolution of pop music which he gave to the world. And then the complete new era of his stardom. Also talked about the various new dance styles which he discovered like the 45 degree lean, moon walk, etc.

 

“Fans of Jackson stricken with grief commit suicide.” The Perez Hilton, (30, 2009 9:00am PDT)

https://perezhilton.com/2009-06-30-fans-of-jackson-stricken-with-grief-commit-suicide/

AND ALSO:

Scott, “12 Michael Jackson Fans ‘Commit Suicide’ In Wake of His Death.” Gigwise, (09:52 30th June 2009)

https://www.gigwise.com/news/51468/ Colothan

AND ALSO:

Jasmeeen, “Michael Jackson’s death- how did it effect the media?” wcsfmedia, wordpress (September 6, 2013)

https://wcsfmedia.wordpress.com/2013/09/06/michael-jacksons-death-how-did-it-effect-the-media/

 Background: these articles gives us information after the situation of the death of Michael Jackson. And what happened after that and what the fans do.

 

How I used it: according to these articles, there were 12 fans who committed suicide after the death of Michael Jackson. And also the problems with You Tube, Twitter, Facebook and Google during the funeral of the star. As they all got crashed because of his massive stardom. And also how these causes the largest internet trafficking more than the 9/11 incidence.

 
Duke A., “Bad news hurt Michael Jackson’s earning potential, witness says”, CNN Entertainment, (9:30 AM ET, July 30, 2013)
https://www.cnn.com/2013/07/30/showbiz/jackson-death-trial/index.html
Background: according to this news bite, Michael Jackson had faced critical hardships with his career.

 

How I used it: it tells us the difficulties he faced and also it tells us the accusations like the drug addiction and sexual abuse on children. Also puts light on how he got bankrupted, lost everything, didn’t have money to organise concerts.

 

‘Michael Jackson charity work’, look to the stars

https://www.looktothestars.org/celebrity/michael-jackson

Background: this article reflects all the good deeds of Michael Jackson in his life. It also gives information about his charity works.

 

How I used it: I utilized this article by providing information about Michael Jackson’s charity work, good deeds for poor, how he gave his all the concert money for charity, constructed hospitals and schools for poor, and all other provable necessity to them.

Annotated Bibliography- beachgirl6

Burns, J. (2016, July 18). Social media harms moral development, parents say. Retrieved December 06, 2018, from https://www.bbc.com/news/education-36824176

Background: A study in the UK with 1,700 parents with children who were aged 11 to 17 answered questions on if they thought social media was affecting their children’s moral development. Most parents said their children were more hostile and had bad judgments. These parents hoover did think that social media had positive effects on their children as they did see that their children were more honest and had more self-control.

How I Used It: I used the information about how more kids were experiencing anger, arrogance, ignorance, and bad judgments to help me explain how social media impairs children’s development. Specifically, how their morals can change and affect the way they live.

 

Chin-Hooi Soh, P., Wai Chew, K., Yeik Koay, K., & Hwa Ang, P. (2017, November 05). Parents vs peers’ influence on teenagers’ Internet addiction and risky online activities. Retrieved December 04, 2018, from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0736585317301491

Background: This research report explains how strong parent-child attachment leads to the appropriate use of the internet. If parents set guidelines and communicate with their kids, fewer problems may happen as a result. As long as parents keep up to date about their children’s activities online, “risky online behaviors” are less likely to happen.

How I Used It: I used this research report to help me explain how parents need to be actively involved in their children’s media use. For instance, I sued the study about how 733 adolescents are most likely to stop online risky behaviors like sending inappropriate messages to others when they tell their parents what they do online.

 

Common Sense Media. (2016, May 03). New Report Finds Teens Feel Addicted to Their Phones, Causing Tension at Home | Common Sense Media. Retrieved December 06, 2018, from https://www.commonsensemedia.org/about-us/news/press-releases/new-report-finds-teens-feel-addicted-to-their-phones-causing-tension-at

Background: A study with 1,240 parents and kids done in 2016 found how many parents and teens think they addicted to social media. Parents explained their concerns for their children’s use with their phones and felt that they were addicted to them. Developing a problematic media use can impact the way kids develop as well.

How I Used It: I sued this information to explain how parents are concerned about their children’s media use. Specifically, how over half of the parents surveyed feel that their kids are addicted and that 36% of parents feel that their kids’ media use causes conflicts in their families.

 

East, S. (2016, August 01). How does social media affect your brain. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from https://edition.cnn.com/2016/07/12/health/social-media-brain/

Background: This article from CNN explains different ways children react to social media. It shows how adolescent’s brains can react to using social media, along with how they may be pressured by their friends to post or like risky photos. The article also depicts how social media is a new way for people to learn how to interact with others just by simply liking a photo. Overall, social media is changing how we adapt to life to communicate with others.

How I Used It: I used this article to explain why children can become addicted to the internet, Because the internet activates the part of the brain that controls the reward center, this can lead to teens using social media more often, as seeing the likes on their own photos gives them a sense of confidence. Furthermore, I used this information to prove how internet addiction is becoming prevalent in more adolescents and why they use it so much.

 

Felt, L., Robb, M., & Gardner, H. (2016). TECHNOLOGY ADDICTION concern, controversy, and finding balance. Retrieved from https://www.commonsensemedia.org/sites/default/files/uploads/research/2016_csm_technology_addiction_executive_summary.pdf

Background: This research describes how parents and teens feel about their technology use. It also defines was problematic media use is and talks about how internet addiction is becoming more of a problem for kids as it hinders their ability to empathize with people. Furthermore, it talks about how parents need to find a balance for media use for their kids and that they need to be engaged with their online activities.

How I Used It: This research helped me define problematic media use is and how it is unhealthy for kids. I also used information about how too much media can negatively affect the way kids develop empathy. I also use this research to talk about how social media is a good thing for kids as they can meet new friends who share the same interests, as long as they use it appropriately.

 

Harley, D., Morgan, J., & Frith, H. (1970, January 01). Growing up Online. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1057/978-1-137-59200-2_2

Background: This chapter explains how social media is a big factor in the development of adolescents. It explains how social media is a way for kids to create their own identity and self-disclose information they want to online. The internet can affect the ways in which teens disclose themselves in real life to other people, and they may not always match how their online identities. Overall, children are learning how to grow up in this digital world.

How I Used It: I used the information about how kids can become so entranced with the online “world” that actually prefer that world over real life. If kids already suffer a form of anxiety, in this case, social anxiety, social media is an outlet for them to express themselves and communicate with others without that fear of disapproval in real life.

 

Jiang, J. (2018, September 14). How Teens and Parents Navigate Screen Time and Device Distractions. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from http://www.pewinternet.org/2018/08/22/how-teens-and-parents-navigate-screen-time-and-device-distractions/

Background: In this article by the Pew Research Center, a study was done that found how any teens thought they were spending too much time on their phones and silica media, and what parents thought of their kid’s social media use. The study was done with 743 U.S. teens and 1,058 U.S. parents of teens. These teens described the different feelings they have when they aren’t around their phones. These feelings included loneliness, anxiety, being upset, relieved, or happy, with only 17% feelings happy.

How I Used It: I included information about how 54% of U.S. teens feel they spend too much time on their phones, and 46% of them think they spend too much time on social media. I also included information about how their parents, specifically how almost three-quarters of them think their teen spends too much time on their phone. This helped me argue how teens may develop an internet addiction.

 

Lester, H. (2018, February 09). Technology Misuse, Abuse, & Addiction Among Teenagers. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from https://www.councilonrecovery.org/technology-misuse-abuse-addiction-among-teenagers/

Background: This article by The Council’s Blog described how social media can cause problems for adolescents when used in the wrong ways. Tech ology can become so addictive that. Is basically acts as a drug as it gives off dopamine to the brain. Teens addicted to their phones can even develop anxiety and depression. The article explains how “Fear of Missing Out” or “FOMO” can cause teens to become addicted to social media as it is. Way to be connected to their friends online. The same goes for video games as kids not only want to feel connected to their friends, but the games allow them to feel a sense of control. The article explains how parents need to step in to help their kids by finding a balance with their technology use so they don’t misuse it.

How I Used It: I used this article to explain how social media can affect the brain. Technology helps satisfy our needs for interaction with others and can, therefore, become addictive since it provides an easy way to fulfill those needs. It basically provides the brain with dopamine with one click.

 

Livingstone, S., Blum-Ross, A., & Zhang, D. (2018, May). What do parents think, and do, about their children’s online privacy? Retrieved from http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/87954/1/Livingstone_Parenting%20Digital%20Survey%20Report%203_Published.pdf

Background: This research report examines a survey of 2,032 parents of children from the ages of 0 to 17 in the UK. It shows many statistics about how parents view their children’s privacy as well as their own privacy online. It also shows parents are still learning about these new media sites and how their children are interacting with them. Furthermore, it explains the worries parents may have about sharing information and photos of their children online.

How I Used It: I used this report to show how parents are still worried about their children sing media sites. Parents are concerned with allowing their children to use the internet without supervision, and that 49% of these parents in the survey checkup 9-12-year-old children’s online activities.

 

O’Keeffe, G. S., & Clarke-Pearson, K. (2011, March 29). Clinical Report—The Impact of Social Media on Children, Adolescents, and Families. Retrieved from https://www.cooperativa.cl/noticias/site/artic/20110329/asocfile/20110329173752/reporte_facebook.PDF

Background: In this article, the American Academy of Pediatrics describes how social media is dangerous for adolescents. Parents do not understand fully how they can become more aware of what their children are doing online so they may not understand some of the dangers their child may face. For instance, their children could be cyberbullied or experience “Facebook depression.” This type of depression is caused by the need to be accepted by their peers. Still, the main risk these adolescents face is the lack of understanding of privacy and self-disclosure.

How I Used It: I used this article to help me describe the dangers of cyberbullying and the lack of understanding these kids have to what could possibly happen when they share too much information or false information. They can experience such intense bullying online that they can experience anxiety, depression, or may even commit suicide.

 

Shapiro, L., & Margolin, G. (2013, May 04). Growing Up Wired: Social Networking Sites and Adolescent Psychosocial Development. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10567-013-0135-1

Background: This research report by Springer Sciences and Business Media shows how social networking sites affect how adolescents develop their own identity as well as how they self-disclose themselves online. Teens may only share information they want to or present themselves in a different way to appeal to different audiences. Responses from others can further impact the way they firm and change their identity. Social networking sites can still be a good thing or kids, however, as they can join groups online that pertain to their interests.

How I Used It: I used the information from this research report to explain how self-disclosure can lead to changes in how adolescents may change their identity online to conform to others. I used the hyperpersonal model in my research to explain how individuals can self-select the information they want to present online, and how this can alter their own and other’s perceptions of them. This can lower their self-esteem if their audience reacts negativity to the information they share online. Furthermore, I used information about how these teens can communicate with other teens with similar interests to form new relationships.

 

Uhls, Y., Ellison, N., & Subrahmanyam, K. (2017, November 01). Benefits and Costs of Social Media in Adolescence. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/140/Supplement_2/S67

Background: In this article, the American Academy of Pediatrics explains the positive and negative features of social media.  Some of the positive things are that kids can find their identity by disclosing information about themselves online. They are able to present themselves I. away that helps them explore who they are, which can ultimately lead to a clearer understanding in their real lives. By doing this, they are also creating new relationships with friends, as approval is highly important for their development. However, some of the negative aspects of social media is cyberbullying. If adolescents self-disclose information about temples, sometimes their peers may react negatively. This can lead to lower self-esteem.

How I Used It: I used this article to explain the negative aspects of social media, which is cyberbullying. When adolescents share information about themselves, especially if it is false information to present themselves in a different way to appeal to others, people may react in a negative way. This can lead to depression and lower self-esteem

 

Wisniewski, P. (2018, March). E Privacy Paradox of Adolescent Online Safety: A Matter of Risk Prevention or Risk Resilience? Retrieved November 29, 2018, from https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=8328977

Background: In this article, Pamela Wisniewski from the University of Central Florida talks about a paradox that teens tend to have when disclosing information about themselves online. This paradox is about teens over sharing information online yet not wanting their parents to know what they post. However, Wisniewski explains how parents should not take overly protective measures to limit social media use for their kids, as it hinders their development. Parents need to step away from using protective spy-like apps and let kids be able to self-regulate themselves, thus improving relationships with their parents.

How I Used It: I used this article to help me refute why adolescents shouldn’t self-monitor themselves. Wisniewski thinks that a “teen-centric” approach is good so that kids to learn from their mistakes and develop self-regulating skills. She explains how parents need to take a step back and let their kids learn how to be safe while not having their parents intervene with their online endeavors. This information helped me with my rebuttal as I argued that parents should be aware of what their kids post online and that they need guidance.

 

Worsley, J. D., McIntyre, J. C., Bentall, R. P., & Corcoran, R. (2018, May 25). Childhood maltreatment and problematic social media use: The role of attachment and depression. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165178117318668

Background: This research report from Psychiatry Research explains how childhood maltreatment leads to problematic internet use. Professors from the University of Liverpool study how different forms of child abuse leads to different attachment anxieties, such as insecure attachment or anxious attachments. These attachment styles describe how children seek social media as a safe haven to interact with others and escape the hardships of their lives. However, using social media becomes a problem as is replaced a person who is trustworthy with the internet.

How I Used It: To further understand how social media is a problem for adolescents, besides how it causes depression and feelings of isolation, this research shows how advanced the problem of social media is for kids already struggling with adversities in their everyday lives. These children suffer from attachment deficits that make them unable to form new relationships, therefore they seek the internet rather than a positive role model to talk to.