03 TUE SEP 11

Here is a lesson in creative writing.
First rule: Do not use semicolons.
They are transvestite hermaphrodites representing absolutely nothing. All they do is show you’ve been to college.

—Kurt Vonnegut Jr., A Man Without a Country

67 thoughts on “03 TUE SEP 11”

  1. Semicolon = hybrid between period and comma. Can be used at the end of a correct sentence when adding a closely related thought; which should not / cannot be used as its own sentence.


    1. •Semicolon is used to combine closely related clauses and to separate several commas sentences.
      •To take a big chank of important material and summarise it without misleading about the original intent = argument.
      • The proper way to wtire an article is to read what the articale is about, and write the entire summary based on what you remember about this articale. You can’t lie about the material .
      • Originality is key! Too much quotations discourage readers.
      •The best way to start a summary is with : ” It seams counterintuitive that…”


      1. Hey, Wisemann, thank you for your Reply.

        You’ve made a common and completely understandable mistake, but I need you to be more careful. You didn’t start a new Reply; you replied to DJeter99’s Reply. See how that happened?


    2. Almost. I probably misled you there, DJeter. Semicolons connect/divide CLAUSES that CAN be used as sentences.

      Examples might help.

      Mothers wake up from dreams fearing for their childrens’ safety.
      Fathers wake up when the phone rings and rush to the rescue.

      These clauses and their phrases can both stand alone as independent sentences. Periods are perfectly appropriate punctuation for both. But they could also be combined with a semicolon because they’re so closely related (two sides of the same coin).

      Mothers wake up from dreams fearing for their childrens’ safety; fathers wake up when the phone rings and rush to the rescue.

      Other ways to punctuate are equally legal.

      Mothers wake up from dreams fearing for their childrens’ safety while fathers wake up when the phone rings and rush to the rescue.

      While mothers wake up from dreams fearing for their childrens’ safety, fathers wake up when the phone rings and rush to the rescue.

      Does that clarify for you?
      I really like answers. 🙂


  2. Semi-colon(;)- Separates a complete sentence with another closely related sentence.

    Summaries-“a pointless task to ask of a student” Hodges. summaries are best used as a way to form an argument. This is especially useful during research.
    The titanic summarized-“Boat sinks;passengers die; love survives.”Hodges.

    Recommendation for research- One source a day, ruling out those that are unworthy, adding those that are worthy to white paper with annotated bibliography. Do not quote too much. This takes away from your own argument and simply presents the arguments of other.
    Create a “purposeful summary”-reducing content to its smallest form.

    Keep your integrity-while it may not be necessary to agree with an authors context, it is necessary, if you choose to use it, to accurately represent said content.

    “Purposeful summary” assignment- It seems counterintuitive that…will be the beginning for all of these. The goal of which is to make a claim based on the article, video, etc. A claim that is concise and targets pertinent information for your argument. It is not to say that the goal is to provide a full summary of the source but rather to provide enough to carry the argument.
    This will be posted under your username-summaries-marvel
    Due by midnight Monday September 17.


  3. -Summarizing the movie “Titanic” movie as an example.
    -“Boats sink; passengers die; love survives.” Get rid of the unimportant things in your summary and summarize what matters.
    -Summaries and paraphrasing are different. Paraphrasing is when you “stay true to the author’s purposeful intentions,” use the same structure but reworded in your own words, etc.
    -Too much quotation doesn’t leave room for your argument in your paper.
    -Clearly and accurately represent the author’s evidence, don’t alter them.
    -**Next assignment due next Monday by midnight
    -Make reference to examples 1 & 2 for how to make a purposeful summary.
    -Start off summary with “It seems counterintuitive that…”
    -We will use informal citation techniques instead of parenthetical citations. (link sources to keywords in essay).


    1. You adequately described what a Purposeful Summary ISN’T, AloofGemini, but not what it IS. Want to earn back that third point? Reply with your definition of Purposeful Summary.


      1. A purposeful summary is “a source reduced to its smallest content.” Purposeful summaries serve to convey the argument one believes their research supports.


  4. Initially we discussed how colons and semicolons work, and although they are not always used, they still can serve a purpose to discuss a topic that is not quite finished. In regards to the riddle, the woman was actually the African-American due to the fact that she was born in Africa and then moved to America, thus making her an “African-American”. We learned that summarizing a whole piece of writing isn’t always the best idea because sometimes, the summarization will end up being a slightly shorter version of the work due to the fact that generally the piece of writing would have the most relevant claims in arguments that would then be transcribed in one’s summary, making it redundant to summarize just for the sake of it. In a paraphrase one would quote the author, rephrase the argument, structure and evidence. When one summarizes you take what is useful from the source and sculpting it so that it is relevant to your own argument; it is not a paraphrase as you don’t necessarily have to come to the same conclusion as the author. A purposeful summary is striking the prefect balance between paraphrasing sources along with your own words to advance your topic so that one’s work is not too full of citations, thus the summarization will leave enough room for an argument to be discussed without being overwhelmed in quotes by other authors. It is considered a very good way to summarize as it can get your point across without stealing the entire time writing from another author, as its more just citing their information occasionally throughout a piece of work so that the writes own agenda can be first with the citations serving as backup to the claims made. With the upcoming task due 9/17/18 at 11:59pm, begin all pieces of writing with something along the lines of “It seems counter intuitive that…”, so that the answer initially puts forward that the response is one of a counter intuitive nature. We discussed a few topics for discussion that were all counter intuitive, such as how photographers get so much hate for the very job that we assign to them, and smart cars use more energy burning the coal that the electrical companies use to power ones outlet compared to using fossil fuels. We also talked about the upcoming assignment with the three purposeful summaries that are due next Tuesday, along with where to go to start writing, what to title the piece of writing, as well as what we should be writing about.


    1. Your syntax is the enemy of meaning, WaywardSundial.

      I sense the claims in your sentences, but your “extra language” is confusing.
      Here’s what I think you meant:
      1. Semicolons extend a sentence by adding a closely-related clause.
      2. Charlize Theron, not Denzel Washington is literally an “African-American” because she holds dual citizenship.
      3. Traditional summaries are too long, retain too much of the original, and don’t give the summarizer a chance to express an opinion.
      4. Paraphrases simply rephrase the original author’s argument, structure and evidence.
      5. Purposeful Summary, on the other hand, balances paraphrase with new language that makes a fresh argument.
      6. Too much quotation overwhelms the new argument.
      7. Citation—whether quotes or summary—should serve as backup to the new author’s claims.
      8. For 11:59pm MON SEP 17, write 3 Purposeful Summaries, beginning all three with, “It seems counterintuitive that . . . .” to emphasize that the answer initially puts forward that the response is one of a counter intuitive nature.
      9. Counterintuitive Examples: A) We hate photographers for doing the very job that we assign to them; B), Electric cars waste more energy in lost transmission of electricity (generated by burning the coal ) than the gasoline cars they’re meant to replace.
      10. Write three purposeful summaries for TUES SEP 18.
      11. See the Assignment for source material and mechanical details.

      Your Notes will be more impressive and coherent in this style.


  5. -Understand the concept and meaning from the article and then it can be transcribed in a few paragraphs.

    -Eliminate the stuff around the main objective of the article and summarize with the purposeful words and thoughts.

    -Too much quotation doesn’t allow your own thoughts to be transcribed and leaves no room for the write to get their point across. Not every author says things the way you need them; rarely summarizes in one sentence. If thats the case, then tell your audience what the writer was saying across his paper.

    -Clearly indicate and represent the authors point if agreeing or disagreeing. Academically honest.

    -No need to address the original individual in the summary, just ideas.


    1. I’m unclear how you’re using the term “transcribe” here, Wildwood. The term refers to the process of converting spoken language into text, like Closed Captions, without alteration. We’re engaged is the very different process of converting large amounts of text into far fewer words, and re-emphasizing the portions that are essential to the new writer. That’s summary. More specifically, it’s purposeful summary.

      A note like this one is hard to decode:

      Too much quotation doesn’t allow your own thoughts to be transcribed

      Otherwise I can tell you were attentive.


  6. -Ask impolite questions until you get impolite answers.
    -To summarize an argument, leave out the details and only include the important parts.
    -In a paraphrase you would rephrase authors own argument in other language, staying true to argument.
    -Summary is to reshape and reuse important information and shape it to your own argument.
    -Can interpret evidence how you choose, but must stay true to what the author indicates when describing his/her opinion.


    1. I can’t quite tell from your Notes which version of your definition of Summary has left a lasting impression on you, 3G. Is one of them Purposeful Summary? Your Notes can evolve if you gain insight while class is in session.

      Watch out for possessives:

      authors own argument

      should be

      author’s own argument



  7. Sept. 11 Notes
    Summaries are arguments:
    It is pointless to just summarize by highlighting important information from an article. The whole point of going to outside sources, is to help one form arguments and inform one’s opinion. Crystalize sources into argumentative and purposeful information.
    Summary- Not quote, Not Paraphrase
    For 3000- word paper, consult 50 sources, save link for 30, pursue 25, produce annotated bibliography for 20, and directly quote 7.
    Too much quotation leaves little room for own language; loses persuasive rhetorical style
    Purposeful summaries reduces most of the original language, eliminates the authors argument, logic, rhetoric, and conclusion.
    Purposeful summaries draws reasonable conclusions on the evidence to make it our own.
    Keep faith with author, even if you disagree.
    Begin summary for exercise with, “It seems counterintuitive”.
    Highly appropriate to focus on material that will help one make their claims.
    (Video summary) Made own conclusion without using the same conclusion from original claims from the video.
    Purposeful Summary Task – Due in one week. – Write a blog with title and username – Publish Task by adding a category
    Link to source in notes and bibliography (informal citations)-tag the url
    Find Task articles on Blogroll


    1. Not a formula, just an example:

      For 3000- word paper, consult 50 sources, save link for 30, pursue 25, produce annotated bibliography for 20, and directly quote 7.

      Watch out for possessives:

      eliminates the authors argument

      should be:

      eliminates the author’s argument

      Periods and commas ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS go inside the quotation marks. Not:

      “It seems counterintuitive”.

      but instead:

      “It seems counterintuitive.”

      Good Notes, a combination of theoretical material and practical advice.


  8. -typical summaries are useless
    -use summaries to form arguments from other peoples work. research will be better.
    – elimate stuff from sources to create a useful purposeful sumamry.
    – use about 20 sources for annoted bib inside white paper
    -quote 5-7 in final paper
    -too much quotations gives the paper less of your language and ideas
    -purposeful summary is the most effective way to cite another author
    – reducecontent to smallest useful content
    – eliminate content that is not needed for thesis
    -can eliminate authors arguement if facts support you
    – evidence out of context can support your thesis even if author has a different one
    – for hoemwork start purposeful statement with “it seems counterintuitive”

    – do not need to address individual who made claims in source in purposeful summary, but can if needed
    -write task in new post. publish it to both own folder and summary folder on wordpress.
    – use links to cite sources in summaries.
    -due monday at midnight (sept 17a0


  9. Quotes ruin the flow and it makes it seem that the writer is just copying instead of saying something in their own words. Summaries do not use quotes and is not paraphrasing what you just said. A summary reduces resources to it’s smallest but most useful content. It eliminates most of the original language and the author’s argument. Your purposeful summary makes claims and draws conclusions based on the material you gather. You do this whether or not the conclusion coincides with the author’s original argument. The only thing that a “purposeful summary” cannot do is mislead readers about the author’s position. The purposeful summary typically doesn’t cite the source or the author. They talk about the important things but try to summarize them with less words so the author can get the point across.


    1. Good Notes, D2Forsaken. I can’t tell how many of the grammar and punctuation problems are REAL, and how many the result of haste, but a few I will address because getting them right would take no more time than letting errors stand.

      Quotes ruin the flow and MAKE it seem

      SUMMARY DOES not use quotes and is not paraphrasing

      A summary reduces resources to ITS smallest . . . .

      [They] summarize them with FEWER words so the author can get the point across.

      Good content


  10. Purposeful summaries takes information from your sources to help prove your argument using the smallest useful content

    I can use paraphrasing which references the author’s text or direct quotes from saources to help get my argument or point across

    Paraphrasing can let me put words in the author’s mouth without putting my thoughts directly into the quote

    Use the phrase: It seems counterintuitive that… to begin my purposeful summary

    To create an assignment, click write then title your work and type whatever is needed, include links to certain words if needed. Make sure to publish to the corresponding folder and username.


    1. Let’s be clear about this, Peter, so I don’t mislead you:

      Paraphrasing can let me put words in the author’s mouth without putting my thoughts directly into the quote . . . .

      Purposeful summary is not so much paraphrasing another author’s work (which would obligate us to represent the author’s point of view). Instead, we take the opportunity to reshape the material found in a source to our own purposes. We can ignore the original author completely. Or we can refer to the original author fairly. What we can’t do, just to be clear, is “put words in the author’s mouth.”

      Sorry if I confused you.


  11. • Summary is not a quote or a paraphrase
    • Reshape, reuse the material to your own purpose
    • Don’t come to the same conclusion as the author when summarizing
    • Too much quotation makes it look like you didn’t do anything
    ~Doesn’t leave room for your information
    ~Subjects you to the writing of someone else
    • Can get rid of most of original language
    • It doesn’t matter the original context the material appeared


    1. I almost agree, Pineapples.
      —Reshape, yes.
      —Come to whatever conclusion you wish, even if it’s the same as the original author. Just don’t feel obligated to report what the author concluded.
      —The context might be crucial if you cite the original IN ORDER TO REPUDIATE IT. It might also be very beneficial if YOU NEED TO CITE A CREDENTIALED EXPERT to support your own position. But if you’re just using evidence from the source, or if you draw a different conclusion than the author, you don’t have to share—or care—where the material came from.

      I hope I did a better job of making that clear here.


  12. Semicolons are “transvestite hermaphrodites”. It can be a little fancy to use, but they still serve a purpose.
    Summaries; they can be arguments based on how much information you collect from an author’s work. This is because your summary can be different from the author’s summary. In order to summarize properly, you must read the original work, and work with what you understand from the article. Don’t lie or misuse the author’s words in your summary. Also, too many quotations take away your chance of expressing your point of views. Retain the integrity of the author as you summarize his work, properly give credit and state his standpoints.


  13. Summaries have been used throughout our lives. The process that we normally summarize is screwed up.

    We skim through summaries and take the most important things. We take the article and write word to word.

    Approach summaries: read them, find out what’s important to you and what sticks out to you, write it in your own words, may be completely different intention what the original author had to say.

    Titanic: Boat sinks, love survives, people die.

    We could start with 5o sources, save 3o of them, look more into 25 of them, produce bibliographic entries for 20, and quote 7.

    The author might’ve took a paragraph to convey an idea. You may be able to condense it into a sentence.

    Too many quotes leaves little room for readers to interpret your opinion.

    People have good ideas, can’t explain them well.

    Purposeful Summaries reduces sources to their smallest useful content (like an extract)

    -Eliminates oppositional stance or attitude
    -Removes material from context
    -It eliminates most of the original language.
    -It can eliminate the author’s argument.
    -It can eliminate the author’s logic, rhetoric, ethical justifications, conclusions.

    3 Purposeful Summaries Assignment Due September 17 at 11:59PM
    -Choose 3 articles
    -Write Purposeful Summaries
    -Publish work in a new blog post

    Don’t need to be sincere. As long as your writing indicates the counterintuitive nature of the topic.

    Not obligated to share the entire nature of the source.

    Purposeful Summaries don’t have to take the same approach as long as you are consistent and fair in your approach to the purposeful summary

    Don’t say “The author of this article talks about…”.

    Matters little about what the author talks about, you’re going to be talking about it.

    Be the source material.


  14. When summarising an article/paper, the argument I take out of it and run with could be different from the author’s original intent. This works if you correctly apply their evidence to your argument and don’t misconstrue the original author’s argument.
    The summary itself needs to be the elevator pitch for the argument. If you try to cover everything they covered, then it’s just a rewrite of the original author’s work, with a couple of details gutted out.
    With these in mind, I will write three summaries of articles in the article.


  15. -Semi-colons are hermaphrodites that separate a complete sentence with another closely related sentence.
    -14 essential rules of punctuation and grammar that make us illiterate English writers.
    -Summaries are arguments because as individuals we decide what is important about the big bunch of information.
    -“Approach summary the way you would approach summary if you got on the elevator with a classmate and had a minute to convey the important argument that’s made out of the important article, distill it down to its argument” stated by David Hodges
    -Summarizing the movie Titanic in 6 words, “Boat sinks; passengers die; love survives.” Hodges.
    -Reader’s get discouraged if they see too many quotations, they want to see your own academic work and your words
    – Keep your integrity and make sure to accurately represent what the author said.
    -Purposeful Summary Assignment due by Midnight of next Monday September 17th, three purposeful summaries are due. All of the summaries should begin with “It seems counterintuitive that….” Put posts in 2 places: Summaries-username (uncheck uncategorized, check username and summaries). Pick an article from blogroll
    -Hyperlink: copy and paste the URL, edit the post, highlight what you want to link and then press save and visit page


  16. Here is a lesson in creative writing.
    First rule: Do not use semicolons.
    They are transvestite hermaphrodites representing absolutely nothing. All they do is show you’ve been to college.
    —Kurt Vonnegut Jr., A Man Without a Country

    Semicolons were referred to as useless transvestites, which was hilarious. However, unlike Kurt Vonnegut believes, they can be valuable; especially when adding a thought that can not be alone in its own sentence. Although, they can be referred to as “hermaphrodites”; as they are a cross between a comma and a period.

    Purposeful Summary Attributes
    -More Citing, less quotations
    -Contain new ideas, from your own language (with authors inspiration)
    -Eliminates all aimless information to the smallest bit of useful content from the source
    -Can not mislead readers from original authors position.

    Our first Purposeful summary is due 9/18 at 12am sharp.


  17. You don’t have to include the authors intent in a purposeful summary. Write a summary by reading the article, putting the article away, then writing the summary. You can summarize the movie Titanic in six words. Direct quotes are not always the best option. Do not pretend that the author agrees with your personal view. Summaries need to start with, “It seems counterintuitive that”. Not obligated to share all the information in a source you’re summarizing. You can name or not name the author and publication of a source. Do not misrepresent a source. Need to summarize three articles by Monday night.


    1. Two mechanical notes, BeezKneez.

      Watch your possessives:

      include the AUTHOR’S intent

      Periods and commas ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS go inside the quotation marks:

      “It seems counterintuitive that.”



  18. -semicolons are both commas and periods. They intend to show that the sentence could stop there, but could also continue.
    -semicolons can be used after a series to clear that the following clause is not included in the series (ex. “men, women, and children;” instead of “men, women, and children,”)
    -summaries don’t simply quote the argument and call it a day. Summaries are an argument of their own, given that the summarizer removes what is deemed “unnecessary” as opposed to the full work
    -purposeful summaries include what you deem important, not what the author deems important
    -the author’s intent can be ignored for the summary, although it is important to not lie about what was said or intended. Purposefully misleading statements can discredit your argument and summary.
    -when summarizing, read through an article to be sure what it’s about. Then, pick out what was important and convey these important pieces together in a summary.
    -synthesize the material as you are summarizing it in order to form your own argument about the material for a coherent argument
    -purposeful summaries utilize context with information instead of changing the context or lying about information
    -purposeful summaries aren’t lengthy. The heart of the information should not be 75% of the length of the original article.
    -quotes aren’t always the right way to go. Sometimes an entire paragraph may be of interest to your paper, but quoting an entire paragraph leaves not enough room for your own work. In that situation, condensing the paragraph into a purposeful summary would be more useful for your argument.
    -purposeful arguments can remove arguments, contexts, original language, logic, etc for the sake of your own argument
    -articles may be written with a certain bias, as world experiences may add a bias that others may not experience as a not involved observer.
    -using articles’ information despite the author’s argument can be useful. However, lying about the author’s intent or pretending that the author agrees with you discredits your argument and should be avoided.
    -you don’t need to draw the same conclusion as the original author
    -the practice of making use of articles through purposeful summarizing is important for writing a research paper as throwing in too many details from the original source can muddle the argument and create confusion as to where the argument lies
    -not everything from the original source is necessary for your argument, and if it is unrelated, will muddle the argument
    -mentioning the original author in a purposeful summary is optional, but encouraged if it adds more context to the argument
    -starting a purposeful summary with citing or describing what the author “talked about” begins the summary very poorly
    -write as if you are describing the subject matter firsthand. You are the source material for this summary.
    -categorize your blog posts. Summaries should be categorized as “summaries”.


    1. Brilliant work, Thokeca.
      One small punctuation note. Periods and commas ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS go inside the quotation marks, so:

      Summaries should be categorized as “summaries.”

      Extra credit for thoroughness and very clear phrasing:


  19. 9-11-18
    There are 14 essential rules of grammar to be known

    Summaries are Arguments Summaries distill material down to what is important. One person’s summary can vary from the argument of the author. As long as the author’s intent is in tact, you can use the material to your benefit.

    Purposeful Summaries
    -Read argument first and write the summaries based on the important concepts you’ve -remembered.
    -Summarize as if you have 1 minute to convey the purpose of the article.
    -Synthesize a new argument based on the material you’ve distilled.
    Example Summary Titanic: Boats sink; passengers die; love survives

    A lot of direct Quotation is not always necessary if summarized correctly. A reader will be discontent at the sight of many quotations; they do not exhibit your opinion.
    You can identify the author’s point of view without needing a direct quotation.
    Even arguments that oppose your own can be put to use. A claim can be made based on the credibility or bias of the author.

    3 purposeful summaries: Due Sept. 18 — Articles can be found under Blogroll
    “It seems counterintuitive that…”
    Do not say “The author talks about…”
    No obligation to include all information from the material
    Author must be included, can be treated for or against the argument
    “Write as if you are the original author”
    Put summaries in your username and summaries under categories

    Copy link, click Edit post, Highlight what you want to link, click link in the top toolbar, paste link in URL.


  20. A semicolon is a period and a comma at the same time. There is 14 different grammar rules we will need to know. A summary is what we feel is important. Evidence in sources is used to help the thesis. On the purposeful summary the goal is to make a clam about the article.


  21. A purposeful summary requires not only the thoughts of the author but also the thoughts of the summarize. The author’s original intent doesn’t need to be included in the summary at all. In fact, a good summary only includes the distilled ideas of the author along with the ideas, thoughts, and rhetoric of the writer summarizing.

    Overuse of quotes can be detrimental to writing. It may be better to summarize the author’s ideas as best as possible then cite the author in the source list.

    Make sure to take a point of view when writing a purposeful summary. It doesn’t have to be a personal belief, but it needs to be a view that is understandable and clear. Also, despite being able to eliminate rhetoric, arguments, and ideas from the author’s original text do not lie about what the author originally believed.


    1. Nice work, Joker.
      A grammar note. “Than” is used for comparisons. Always. So:

      It may be better to summarize the author’s ideas as best as possible THAN cite the author in the source list.



  22. -Don’t use semi-colons, they’re transvestite hermaphrodites.
    -Charlize Leron is African American
    -Don’t lie about what the author said
    -“Boats sink; passengers die; love survives.”
    -You can decide how to shape the information from a source as you see fit, as long as you’re not lying about what the author said


  23. Boat sinks; passengers die; love survives!
    There are 14 rules of grammar and punctuation that you will help you become a literate writer
    Summaries take off material and then eliminate some ideas. Purposeful summaries are arguments bc you get to decide what you care about in a book or an article etc. Purposeful summaries are useful because you can use the evidence from the original. In a purposeful summary, it is good to leave out most of the author’s original language, argument, logic, rhetoric, etc.
    Three summaries are due Monday midnight before class


  24. Purposeful Summaries
    -Read an article and pick out the parts found important and form arguments
    -Not a quote and not a paraphrase
    -Process of reusing a summary(taking what’s useful for your paper and topic)
    -Too many quotes could leave no room for your argument and can seem like you didn’t do any original thinking/work
    -Need a balance between your words and another author’s words
    -Reduce sources to what is useful
    -Can reduce the author’s language, argument, logic, conclusions, etc.
    -Can’t misrepresent the author
    -Don’t have to say who the original author/person is of source your using


    1. That all makes sense, Flowers, except this sentence, which I find mysterious:

      -Process of reusing a summary (taking what’s useful for your paper and topic)

      Any sense of why the ability to Purposefully Summarize is useful to essay writers?


  25. -A semi colon combines clauses that are closely related, and they can separate clauses that contain lots of commas to make it clearer that a new clause is beginning.
    -There are 14 essential rules of punctuation and grammar to be learned
    -Summaries are argument because you decide what is important to include. You eliminate the information that you find unnecessary
    -Purposeful summaries are summaries which includes information you find important. You read the article, pick what is most important to you, re read that important information again, then write it down in your own words. Sometimes that important information may not be as important to the author of the text.
    – “It’s as like you’re in an elevator with a classmate and have one minute to discuss what the article is about”- Professor Hodges
    -You can ignore the author’s point of view, but you can’t lie about it. You cannot write about something you feel is most important and claim the author does too, when they don’t.
    -Blend your own ideas with the author’s ideas to create your own thesis.
    -Don’t always use quotes. If you use too many quotes, there is little room for your own ideas. Instead, cite the author’s ideas
    -There are three summaries due Monday 9/18 at midnight


    1. I can’t believe we have a BeachGirl04 and a BeachGirl6 on our blog. I’ll have to be VERY careful.

      So far you’re both doing very well. [Keep doing that, please, so you can share the same grade. 🙂 ]


  26. -The semicolons are like the hybrid between period and a comma. it means that a sentence is complete but there is more we want to write.
    – summaries are the argument through which you can jot down the important stuff or extract important points out of a big article and remove the other waste context from the main article. it is also a short and complete description of the main article.
    -for example:- the summary of titanic is like, boat sinks; passengers die; love survives.
    – the only mistake you make is by putting content in your own summary and then lying about the authors content.
    – the quotes are the right way to go to or write a purposeful summary. also summaries are a powerful ideas, great sources and facts by someone. citing the authors evidence and idea is a way helpful for a purposeful summary.
    -the powerful summary reduces sources to useful contents.As it eliminates, original language, argument of author, even the authors logic, and also removes the wasteful material from its context.
    – the three summaries are due before Monday midnight on 17 September 2018.


    1. For the most part, this is quite strong, Baahubali, but this one passage is very mysterious:

      – the quotes are the right way to go to or write a purposeful summary. also summaries are a powerful ideas, great sources and facts by someone. citing the authors evidence and idea is a way helpful for a purposeful summary.

      Punctuation Note. Watch out for possessives:

      even the AUTHOR’S logic,



  27. 9/11/18

    There are 14 essential rules for grammar/punctuation that will be incorporated in class

    Summaries – Summaries are arguments. In a summary a bunch of material is gathered and any information not needed is eliminated. This leads to the birth of an argument. The author of the summary determines which details should be included. There is much flexibility in summaries such as ignoring the author’s message, or developing that message in one’s own words. It is important not to misinterpret the author’s intent, or lie about what he/she said.

    How to summarize: Read the entire article, then reread it again, or analyze the key points. Put the article away then summarize from memory. “Distill it down to it’s argument” (Professor Hodges). Synthesize the material to form new arguments.

    Summary (continued) – A purposeful summary will not include the original language or material. Conclusions can be drawn from material, and specific parts can be focused on more. Concentrating on all aspects for summarizing is pointless and takes away the value of looking closer at (one or two) specific points/arguments. The author can be identified in a summary.


    1. This is very fine, KevinBacon. It not only conveys the information, it’s a strong example of Purposeful Summary, rendered into your own words, clearly indicating understanding.
      Grammar Note. Watch your possessives:

      Distill it down to ITS argument

      It’s clear that it’s means it is.
      What’s less clear is why it needs no apostrophe to form a possessive.
      In that regard, it’s like his, hers, ours, yours, and theirs, possessive adjectives without apostrophes.


  28. – Semicolon is a hybrid of a period and a comma.
    – It is used to complete a sentence, but also used when you have more to say about the topic and it relates.
    -Connect or separate clauses that has a lot of commas to make clearer.
    – Summaries are arguments because you get to decide what is important.
    – Don’t mislead what the author has intended
    – Read the article and figure out what is important to you.
    – Distill it down to your argument, you are not trying to duplicate what the author is trying to say.
    -Having too much quotation in your paper does not leave a lot of room for your own original ideas.
    – “Purposeful Summary” reduces sources to their smallest useful content
    – It eliminates most of the original language.
    – Purposeful summary is better for what it adds.
    – We are writing three purposeful summaries due by Monday 17th by 11:59 p.m.
    – Use the phrase: “It seems conterintuitive that…” to start my purposeful summary.
    – Do not need to address the individual who made claims in the source for the purposeful summary, but can it needed- not obligated.
    – Learned how to connect hyperlinks for future assignments.
    – Do not say the author “talks about”.


    1. Very nice work, Money. You’ve synthesized the material and given yourself good, practical advice.
      Punctuation Note. Periods and commas ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS go inside the quotation marks. So:

      Do not say the author “talks about.”



  29. ~ Ask impolite questions (African-American)
    ~ To summarize arguments, you can leave out the author’s details, rhetoric, logic, and opinions and include only the parts that are useful to your writing.
    ~ Paraphrase: Replaces the authors own opinion and argument with language that still stays true to the writing.
    ~ Summarizing: rephrasing writing to shape it into your own words. It still stays true to what the author was trying to explain in their writing. Use important information from pieces and shape them into you’re own words. You can remove all language.
    ~ Purposeful summary: Can use the writing and interpret the evidence in a way that you choose, but must stay true to the authors opinion. You do not need to identify the author or authors in a purposeful summary.
    ~ In writing, you can use different pieces and talk about them in a way that fits you’re own personal opinion and shape them to fit you’re writing. You don’t have to agree with what the original writing says. You can also use them as a counterargument.
    ~ Identify sources by placing a link to the source into the writing.
    ~ Homework: Find three articles, summarize them, start with “It seems counterintuitive that…”


    1. Strong work, WhatsGoodie. Except that I’m unclear what you mean by staying true to the author’s writing.

      [This was hard to say correctly, and I heard myself being unclear. You have no obligation to the original author AT ALL except to NOT BETRAY her. You can ignore her altogether, her ideas, her argument, her rhetoric, her prejudices. But if you DO identify her argument or conclusions, you MUST NOT mislead your readers about her point of view or quote her out of context.]

      Punctuation and Grammar Notes:
      Watch your possessives.

      Replaces the AUTHOR’S own opinion and argument. Stay true to the AUTHOR’S opinion.

      Watch your singulars and plurals.

      the AUTHOR was trying to explain in HER writing. OR the AUTHORS were trying to explain in THEIR own writing.

      Watch your usage:

      shape them into you’re own words.

      Watch your usage:

      in a way that fits YOUR own personal opinion. Shape them to fit YOUR writing.

      Very strong overall.


  30. There are some guidelines to write the 3000-word paper which are the following: using 50 sources and saving links for those sources, pursuing 25 of those sources, producing annotated bibliographic entries for 20 sources, and quoting directly from 7 sources. The limitation for the quotes is because when there are too many quotes in an article it leaves little room for other materials. The use of many quotes in a paper shows that the paper doesn’t have much original content. For writing tips specifically about the semi colon, the discussion was about how it’s used to bring 2 clauses together in a single sentence.
    A purposeful summary is more reduced and gets to the point and conclusion of a paper or a piece of the work that the summary represents.


  31. • A semicolon represents the connection of two different clauses that are related.
    • Research is about getting the necessary skills to enrich our own thoughts and ideas.
    • Summaries can be short but effective.
    • Reshape other’s articles in order to compose summaries that contains data of our interest.
    • Overusing quotations lead people to believe that you didn’t do any work apart from finding information.
    • Readers often expect writers to be clear regarding to their point of view.
    • There is no need to simply represent other’s argument; specific pieces of information can be reshaped for different purposes.


    1. More than any other student, you’ve made this material your own, Chemia. There’s very little trace of the voice or content of the original author (Hodges) here. To me, that means you were conducting Purposeful Summary during class. Your own new language isn’t always as focused as it could be, but you’re “practicing what your professor is preaching,” which your professor appreciates.
      Punctuation Note. Watch your plural possessives. In both cases, you’re referencing Others plural, not a singular Other Person, so the possessive is formed others’, not other’s.

      Reshape OTHERS’ articles in order to compose summaries.

      There is no need to simply represent OTHERS’ arguments.

      When forming a plural possessive, I hope the following rule will clarify.
      1. First form the plural. In this case, others.
      2. Then add an apostrophe [‘] plus [s], in this case to form others’s.
      3. Then, if the extra [s] is a nuisance, you can drop it, in this case to form others’.

      Useful? Confusing?


  32. 9/11/18

    Class notes for today:

    -We started with a quote from Kurt Vonnegut about creative writing, which was meant to be funny.
    -Semi colons can be useful.
    -Then a riddle, in which charlise theron is the African American
    -To summarize someone else’s argument: Doesn’t work very well.
    – Practice forming arguments, a better way to do research.
    – When starting a summary, try to incorporate the most important parts sooner.
    -“Summaries are not a quote or a paraphrase”
    Notes on Sources
    Consult 50 sources
    Save links to about 30 sources
    Actively pursue 25 sources
    Annotated bibliography for about 20 entries
    Directly quote about 7

    -Try not to quote too much as it leaves room for your original content
    -You need a good balance of original material and your own good reasoning.
    – A purposeful Summary is mostly original content.
    – A purposeful summary from original content can add a lot of your own evidence.
    – Make sure to keep your remaining integrity.


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