Annotated Bibliography- beachgirl6

Burns, J. (2016, July 18). Social media harms moral development, parents say. Retrieved December 06, 2018, from

Background: A study in the UK with 1,700 parents with children who were aged 11 to 17 answered questions on if they thought social media was affecting their children’s moral development. Most parents said their children were more hostile and had bad judgments. These parents hoover did think that social media had positive effects on their children as they did see that their children were more honest and had more self-control.

How I Used It: I used the information about how more kids were experiencing anger, arrogance, ignorance, and bad judgments to help me explain how social media impairs children’s development. Specifically, how their morals can change and affect the way they live.


Chin-Hooi Soh, P., Wai Chew, K., Yeik Koay, K., & Hwa Ang, P. (2017, November 05). Parents vs peers’ influence on teenagers’ Internet addiction and risky online activities. Retrieved December 04, 2018, from

Background: This research report explains how strong parent-child attachment leads to the appropriate use of the internet. If parents set guidelines and communicate with their kids, fewer problems may happen as a result. As long as parents keep up to date about their children’s activities online, “risky online behaviors” are less likely to happen.

How I Used It: I used this research report to help me explain how parents need to be actively involved in their children’s media use. For instance, I sued the study about how 733 adolescents are most likely to stop online risky behaviors like sending inappropriate messages to others when they tell their parents what they do online.


Common Sense Media. (2016, May 03). New Report Finds Teens Feel Addicted to Their Phones, Causing Tension at Home | Common Sense Media. Retrieved December 06, 2018, from

Background: A study with 1,240 parents and kids done in 2016 found how many parents and teens think they addicted to social media. Parents explained their concerns for their children’s use with their phones and felt that they were addicted to them. Developing a problematic media use can impact the way kids develop as well.

How I Used It: I sued this information to explain how parents are concerned about their children’s media use. Specifically, how over half of the parents surveyed feel that their kids are addicted and that 36% of parents feel that their kids’ media use causes conflicts in their families.


East, S. (2016, August 01). How does social media affect your brain. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from

Background: This article from CNN explains different ways children react to social media. It shows how adolescent’s brains can react to using social media, along with how they may be pressured by their friends to post or like risky photos. The article also depicts how social media is a new way for people to learn how to interact with others just by simply liking a photo. Overall, social media is changing how we adapt to life to communicate with others.

How I Used It: I used this article to explain why children can become addicted to the internet, Because the internet activates the part of the brain that controls the reward center, this can lead to teens using social media more often, as seeing the likes on their own photos gives them a sense of confidence. Furthermore, I used this information to prove how internet addiction is becoming prevalent in more adolescents and why they use it so much.


Felt, L., Robb, M., & Gardner, H. (2016). TECHNOLOGY ADDICTION concern, controversy, and finding balance. Retrieved from

Background: This research describes how parents and teens feel about their technology use. It also defines was problematic media use is and talks about how internet addiction is becoming more of a problem for kids as it hinders their ability to empathize with people. Furthermore, it talks about how parents need to find a balance for media use for their kids and that they need to be engaged with their online activities.

How I Used It: This research helped me define problematic media use is and how it is unhealthy for kids. I also used information about how too much media can negatively affect the way kids develop empathy. I also use this research to talk about how social media is a good thing for kids as they can meet new friends who share the same interests, as long as they use it appropriately.


Harley, D., Morgan, J., & Frith, H. (1970, January 01). Growing up Online. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from

Background: This chapter explains how social media is a big factor in the development of adolescents. It explains how social media is a way for kids to create their own identity and self-disclose information they want to online. The internet can affect the ways in which teens disclose themselves in real life to other people, and they may not always match how their online identities. Overall, children are learning how to grow up in this digital world.

How I Used It: I used the information about how kids can become so entranced with the online “world” that actually prefer that world over real life. If kids already suffer a form of anxiety, in this case, social anxiety, social media is an outlet for them to express themselves and communicate with others without that fear of disapproval in real life.


Jiang, J. (2018, September 14). How Teens and Parents Navigate Screen Time and Device Distractions. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from

Background: In this article by the Pew Research Center, a study was done that found how any teens thought they were spending too much time on their phones and silica media, and what parents thought of their kid’s social media use. The study was done with 743 U.S. teens and 1,058 U.S. parents of teens. These teens described the different feelings they have when they aren’t around their phones. These feelings included loneliness, anxiety, being upset, relieved, or happy, with only 17% feelings happy.

How I Used It: I included information about how 54% of U.S. teens feel they spend too much time on their phones, and 46% of them think they spend too much time on social media. I also included information about how their parents, specifically how almost three-quarters of them think their teen spends too much time on their phone. This helped me argue how teens may develop an internet addiction.


Lester, H. (2018, February 09). Technology Misuse, Abuse, & Addiction Among Teenagers. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from

Background: This article by The Council’s Blog described how social media can cause problems for adolescents when used in the wrong ways. Tech ology can become so addictive that. Is basically acts as a drug as it gives off dopamine to the brain. Teens addicted to their phones can even develop anxiety and depression. The article explains how “Fear of Missing Out” or “FOMO” can cause teens to become addicted to social media as it is. Way to be connected to their friends online. The same goes for video games as kids not only want to feel connected to their friends, but the games allow them to feel a sense of control. The article explains how parents need to step in to help their kids by finding a balance with their technology use so they don’t misuse it.

How I Used It: I used this article to explain how social media can affect the brain. Technology helps satisfy our needs for interaction with others and can, therefore, become addictive since it provides an easy way to fulfill those needs. It basically provides the brain with dopamine with one click.


Livingstone, S., Blum-Ross, A., & Zhang, D. (2018, May). What do parents think, and do, about their children’s online privacy? Retrieved from

Background: This research report examines a survey of 2,032 parents of children from the ages of 0 to 17 in the UK. It shows many statistics about how parents view their children’s privacy as well as their own privacy online. It also shows parents are still learning about these new media sites and how their children are interacting with them. Furthermore, it explains the worries parents may have about sharing information and photos of their children online.

How I Used It: I used this report to show how parents are still worried about their children sing media sites. Parents are concerned with allowing their children to use the internet without supervision, and that 49% of these parents in the survey checkup 9-12-year-old children’s online activities.


O’Keeffe, G. S., & Clarke-Pearson, K. (2011, March 29). Clinical Report—The Impact of Social Media on Children, Adolescents, and Families. Retrieved from

Background: In this article, the American Academy of Pediatrics describes how social media is dangerous for adolescents. Parents do not understand fully how they can become more aware of what their children are doing online so they may not understand some of the dangers their child may face. For instance, their children could be cyberbullied or experience “Facebook depression.” This type of depression is caused by the need to be accepted by their peers. Still, the main risk these adolescents face is the lack of understanding of privacy and self-disclosure.

How I Used It: I used this article to help me describe the dangers of cyberbullying and the lack of understanding these kids have to what could possibly happen when they share too much information or false information. They can experience such intense bullying online that they can experience anxiety, depression, or may even commit suicide.


Shapiro, L., & Margolin, G. (2013, May 04). Growing Up Wired: Social Networking Sites and Adolescent Psychosocial Development. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from

Background: This research report by Springer Sciences and Business Media shows how social networking sites affect how adolescents develop their own identity as well as how they self-disclose themselves online. Teens may only share information they want to or present themselves in a different way to appeal to different audiences. Responses from others can further impact the way they firm and change their identity. Social networking sites can still be a good thing or kids, however, as they can join groups online that pertain to their interests.

How I Used It: I used the information from this research report to explain how self-disclosure can lead to changes in how adolescents may change their identity online to conform to others. I used the hyperpersonal model in my research to explain how individuals can self-select the information they want to present online, and how this can alter their own and other’s perceptions of them. This can lower their self-esteem if their audience reacts negativity to the information they share online. Furthermore, I used information about how these teens can communicate with other teens with similar interests to form new relationships.


Uhls, Y., Ellison, N., & Subrahmanyam, K. (2017, November 01). Benefits and Costs of Social Media in Adolescence. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from

Background: In this article, the American Academy of Pediatrics explains the positive and negative features of social media.  Some of the positive things are that kids can find their identity by disclosing information about themselves online. They are able to present themselves I. away that helps them explore who they are, which can ultimately lead to a clearer understanding in their real lives. By doing this, they are also creating new relationships with friends, as approval is highly important for their development. However, some of the negative aspects of social media is cyberbullying. If adolescents self-disclose information about temples, sometimes their peers may react negatively. This can lead to lower self-esteem.

How I Used It: I used this article to explain the negative aspects of social media, which is cyberbullying. When adolescents share information about themselves, especially if it is false information to present themselves in a different way to appeal to others, people may react in a negative way. This can lead to depression and lower self-esteem


Wisniewski, P. (2018, March). E Privacy Paradox of Adolescent Online Safety: A Matter of Risk Prevention or Risk Resilience? Retrieved November 29, 2018, from

Background: In this article, Pamela Wisniewski from the University of Central Florida talks about a paradox that teens tend to have when disclosing information about themselves online. This paradox is about teens over sharing information online yet not wanting their parents to know what they post. However, Wisniewski explains how parents should not take overly protective measures to limit social media use for their kids, as it hinders their development. Parents need to step away from using protective spy-like apps and let kids be able to self-regulate themselves, thus improving relationships with their parents.

How I Used It: I used this article to help me refute why adolescents shouldn’t self-monitor themselves. Wisniewski thinks that a “teen-centric” approach is good so that kids to learn from their mistakes and develop self-regulating skills. She explains how parents need to take a step back and let their kids learn how to be safe while not having their parents intervene with their online endeavors. This information helped me with my rebuttal as I argued that parents should be aware of what their kids post online and that they need guidance.


Worsley, J. D., McIntyre, J. C., Bentall, R. P., & Corcoran, R. (2018, May 25). Childhood maltreatment and problematic social media use: The role of attachment and depression. Retrieved November 29, 2018, from

Background: This research report from Psychiatry Research explains how childhood maltreatment leads to problematic internet use. Professors from the University of Liverpool study how different forms of child abuse leads to different attachment anxieties, such as insecure attachment or anxious attachments. These attachment styles describe how children seek social media as a safe haven to interact with others and escape the hardships of their lives. However, using social media becomes a problem as is replaced a person who is trustworthy with the internet.

How I Used It: To further understand how social media is a problem for adolescents, besides how it causes depression and feelings of isolation, this research shows how advanced the problem of social media is for kids already struggling with adversities in their everyday lives. These children suffer from attachment deficits that make them unable to form new relationships, therefore they seek the internet rather than a positive role model to talk to.


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