Enough about you

Money seems to have a big role in our society; you can’t do much or get far if you don’t have any. Money is valuable in different ways, even when you don’t see it physically. In today’s society you must have faith in the government and in the banking system that your money is being handled in the proper manner; if not, then you would have to hide all of your money under your mattress or around your house. I have no clue what happens in the banks, or how they take care of your money. I always thought money was simple; you either have some or you don’t—that’s it. However, being introduced to this assignment, the Yap Fei, US gold, French francs, Brazilian cruzeros, and debit accounts now seem similar. You don’t actually see your money being transferred. When you get paid, you aren’t handed cash, you don’t receive a physical check, the money’s all directly transferred to your bank account, and you just have to trust that you got more money.

Revision:

Money seems to have a big role in our society; we can’t do much or get far is we don’t have any. Money is valuable in different ways, even if not seen physically.

Robust Verbs-Marvel

There is a huge problem in Vancouver with heroin addicts committing crimes to support their habits. The “free heroin for addicts” program is doing everything they can to stop the addicts. The problem is that there is a large crime rate due to the addicts. It is obvious that addicts have a hard time getting through their day to day lives. Daily activities such as jobs, interactions, and relationships are hard to maintain because of the fact that they are using. By heroin users being addicted, they will do whatever they have to do to get their hands on the drug. The types of crimes committed are those of breaking and entering as well as stealing. There are no limits to where they will go to retrieve this drug so that they can feed their addiction. The problem with this program is that it won’t help to ween these addicts off using heroin. It is only trying to save the city from rising crime rates that they’re up to. By providing the drug, these addicts will be off the streets, which in turn will prevent them from committing minor street crimes. This will also keep the heroin users out of the hospital. It is pointless that the hospitals have to deal with people that want to use bad drugs or unsanitary needles and find themselves being unable to afford hospital bills and hard to cope without the drug. This program gives people free heroin in the cleanest way possible. This will in turn fix the city  but not the addiction that these people face.

Revision:

Heroin Addicts in Vancouver commit crimes to support their habits. The “free heroin for addicts”  program claims to be striving to help these addicts. The program provides the heroin and a safe place for addicts to use. Providing the heroin reduces the chance of crime by addicts.

Definition—Marvel

Appropriate hygiene is crucial to the reduction of infectious disease. We have all seen the signs on the bathroom door or next to the sink that reads “employees must wash hands.” This signifies that OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) recognizes the importance of washing your hands after using the restroom. If this sign is abided by, customers are put at ease when eating at their favorite restaurant or buying muffins from their local baker. Customers can be rest assured that they are not going to contract some vile food bourn illness that will knock them out of commission for days. We forget about the dish rag that has been used all day to wipe the counters, or the bench seats at the diner that haven’t been cleaned properly. There is a growing need to address the way we clean and the products we use to clean. This extends to the antibiotics we take to “clean” our bodies and the antibiotics we use to treat the animals we eat.

The invention of penicillin awarded Alexander Fleming the noble prize. Fleming warned during his acceptance speech that the overuse of antibiotics would lead to a decline in their effectiveness. This overuse happens when bacteria evolve to have stronger defenses against certain antibiotics. The overuse is dangerous because as we take more antibiotics, bacteria are getting stronger and more likely to have a defense against the very thing meant to kill them. Today we are seeing an increased awareness to antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria. Immuno-compromised persons are at an increased risk due to their susceptibility to bacterial infection. This population consists of elderly and children as well as any person with an existing condition that would weaken their bodies ability to fight infection. Compounding these issues are those of improper hygiene among people that service these immune-compromised people.

According to The American Journal of Infection Control we should be taking a “risk-based approach” to hygiene. Knowing which cleaning products to use and when to use them is crucial to appropriate hygiene. Author, Sally F. Bloomfield says, “detergent-based cleaning can be used to break the chain of infection, in some cases an antimicrobial agent is required,” in an article titled, A Risk Assessment Approach to use of Antimicrobials in the Home to Prevent Spread of Infection. At one time the idea of using an antimicrobial  agent in the home was unnecessary but with a growing  immune-compromised populations that is receiving similar care in home as they once saw in a hospital it is becoming more crucial.This crucial step breaks the chain of the bacteria and allows for the person in contact with a once infected surface to know be safe from any bacterial infection. In addition to this step being crucial for the reduction of an infection, it also limits the use of antibiotics to treat an infection. By limiting the use of the antibiotics, we see a reduction in the risk for antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria.

Along with direct use of antibiotics in humans for treatment, the United States meat industry began using antibiotics both as a tool to keep animals from getting sick and as a tool to aid in weight gain. This practice is adding to the inappropriate hygiene practices. Maryn Mckenna writes in an article titled Drugs: gut response?, that “By saturating the environment with antibiotic residues, Blaser argues, we have effectively recreated that weight-gain programme in humans — and the result has been the seemingly unstoppable increase in obesity, especially in children.” This article is from the International Journal of Science. Mckenna is reviewing an article written by Martin J. Blaser on how the overuse of antibiotics is “Fueling our modern plagues”. Essentially, we are contaminating our food now with a product that was meant to treat infection. In doing so we are seeing a similar response in humans that these farmers see in their animals such as weight gain. Weight gain has many health repercussions on its own and now add to that the use of the antibiotics effecting efficiency when a person is ill. On top of the now sometimes inefficient antibiotics, Blaser discusses the idea that the overuse of antibiotics is destroying healthy benign bacteria that are necessary for normal, healthy, human function.

 

It appears that we are at a boiling point. With things like resistant bacteria and a growing immune-compromised population it is crucial that we begin to make strides in practicing appropriate hygiene. Don’t let that sign in the bathroom fool you. Just washing your hands is not enough. Appropriate hygiene goes beyond hand-washing.

 

 

 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0196655313000217

https://www.nature.com/articles/508182a

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/viral-gastroenteritis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378852

Thrifty

0:00-0:01 Ad opens on a porcelain tea-kettle in the shape of a cat’s head, mostly white but with blue on the outside of the head with brush strokes made to look like hair, there are small blue flowers on the spout and top of the kettle. The cat’s eyes have been given a more human look, seemingly looking up at its’s holder, as if to say my contents are good, it has a small, round pink nose and thin pink lips. The cat is being held buy a well taken care of pair of hands, the holder must have just left the nail salon. The background is distorted as to not distract us from the kettle cat.  But you can make out a possible shelf with other small items. The overall image is bright and clean.

0:01-0:02 Screen shot transitions abruptly and you see a well-dressed black woman in a light pink leather jacket and blue jeans carrying a brown hand bag with a long strap going to her knees. She is holding the cat tee kettle and looking at it with a certain look that says, “I like this but do I like it enough to buy it.” Now you can see the store and it is still a bright and clean shot, good lighting, there are rows of clothes behind the woman, the row closest to the forground is of what looks like men’s pants, but not a typical row of men’s pants as the colors and style vary greatly, possibly a thrift store?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7d–xQgOBBU

White Paper

Hypothesis: (Maybe)

If there is not substantial strides to reducing the overuse of hand-sanitizers there will be a significant decline in the immune health of the world’s human population.

https://search.proquest.com/docview/1994425435?pq-origsite=summon

The above researches 10 different products on 10 different right- handed males. The language is difficult to understand as it is very scientific, this source may be useful but needs further investigation as to just what the study is saying.

 

https://www.nature.com/articles/508182a

 

 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0196655313000217

 

https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/hand-hygiene/hand-hygiene-0?nck=1

 

Claims Analysis—Marvel

Hypervigilance sounds innocuous, but it is in fact exhaustingly distressing, a conditioned response to life-threatening situations. 

This is a proposal claim. The author is suggesting that first hypervigilance sounds innocuous, does she mean to everyone, or to her, we don’t really know. Then the author says, “it is in fact exhaustingly distressing,” again, suggesting it is always this way? Using the phrase “in fact” would suggest this is fact when this is the authors opinion.  “a conditioned response to life-threatening situations,” suggests a definition for hypervigilance. Is there no other way that one might exhibit hypervigilance?

 

Caleb has been home since 2006, way more than enough time for Brannan to catch his symptoms.

This is factual claim followed by a proposal claim. The author is stating when Caleb arrived home. However, “has been home,” could mean home in the united states, or home in his family home. This is unclear. Then makes a suggestive claim that that is plenty of time for his wife to have caught his symptoms. By using the phrase “to catch” she is linking PTSD to a cold or some other contagious disease.

Summaries-Marvel

“Want a joint”?

It seems counterintuitive that alcohol remains legal in every state of the U.S. while marijuana is still completely illegal in 21 states and at the federal level. Offering a joint to your guest when they arrive for a dinner party may not be as commonplace as offering them a drink, but its safe to say that marijuana and alcohol are the most popular escapes for the daily stresses of life. Even more, both have their share of use in human history, Egyptian builders had rations of beer, and marijuana crops were some of mankind’s first, going back some 12,000 years. There is some more recent history about these two popular party activities.

Some of the consequences to those party activities say a lot about why some states are moving towards legalizing marijuana.  Alcohol was responsible for 88,000 deaths from 2006-2010. Marijuana is reportedly not responsible for any deaths during the same four-year period. Driving under the influence of marijuana increases your risk of having an accident by 83%. Which is not good but, driving with a blood alcohol level of just .05, increases your risk of an accident by 575%. Two thirds of domestic abuse cases involve alcohol, while a recent study showed that couples who have been smoking marijuana could decrease the likelihood of violence.

Despite these facts that would seem to point to alcohol being the more dangerous recreational substance, there are still those that would say marijuana is worse and should not be legalized. With more and more states moving towards the decriminalizing or legalizing marijuana, we will soon see just what affect this may have on the US.

 

https://bigthink.com/robby-berman/a-clear-eyed-comparison-of-alcohol-vs-marijuana

 

Dumber and the Internet

It seems counterintuitive that this thing that we have created, the internet, could be making us dumber. We have all heard the saying “I’ll google it”, and maybe some have even contemplated the implications of that statement. It sounds so good, like, I don’t know the answer, but I can find out quickly. It is as if some how the fact that we can perform a google search somehow makes us more resourceful. Or maybe it just makes us less accountable, less likely to master some content that we find interesting.

Now why would we be less likely to master such content, one study done at UCLA in 2008, showed what happens to our brain during a google search and found that there was more activity in the pre-frontal cortex. More activity should be a good thing but the other side of this is that the brain in working overtime to sort the information presented. One web page may contain 100’s of hyperlinks and each time we encounter one we must decide; should I click on that? And just this simple distraction, occurring repeatedly, keeps us from really getting into whatever material we were searching for in the first place.

We learn by making connections in our brain, called synapses. Using the internet is rewiring our brains and making it harder for us to make these synapses, making it harder to comprehend and retain information.

 

http://fortune.com/2016/02/03/nicholas-carr-internet/

It seems counterintuitive that less is more, but today that may never be more true than ever. In a world of online shopping, people can partake in virtual shopping 24 hours a day. We are buying more and more “stuff” and maybe simply because we can. What happens when all this stuff actually takes away from our quality of life? At what point does worrying about setting up that new tech that we just had to have, and syncing the old tech with the new tech, stop helping and start hurting?

In a study done at UCLA, 32 middle class families were studies and they found that all the mother’s cortisol levels spiked when dealing with their belongings. In the US we have an 22 billion dollar industry solely responsible for storing all this “stuff” that we needed so badly. We are consuming more than ever and this over-consumption has implications beyond our own personal health and extends to the world.

There is a trend starting though to live small. A trend that may just save us all.